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Scientists in the Bioenergy Research Unit of the ARS in Peoria, Illinois have developed a system to start out with switchgrass and conveniently bioprocess it into a refinable oil for a second-generation biojet fuel that could be directly mixed into conventional aviation fuel.
A pear cultivar, •Gem,• was released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Michigan State University, Oregon State University, and Clemson University. The cultivar is resistant to fire blight disease, and its flavor is sweet and mildly aromatic.
At the ARS Livestock Behavior Research Unit in West Lafayette, Indiana, biologist Heng-wei Cheng and his colleagues are examining the use of serotonin as an alternative method to reduce aggressive behavior in birds before they hatch.
Agricultural Research Service's dairy scientists in Wisconsin are helping dairy farmers weigh the merits of a relatively new option for feeding their cattle: Using canola meal as a protein supplement.
The ARS Culture Collection contains about 100,000 strains of bacteria and fungi. The collection safeguards important microbial resources for around the world. The collection has led to new products, improved food safety, medicines, and other benefits.
At the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, scientists are investigating safe ways to remove heavy metals from various substances and recently patented a new method that uses vegetable oils to remove metals from liquids, solids, and gases.