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Subject of Investigation

Animal research, general
Aquatic plants
Arboreta and botanical gardens
Atmosphere, general/other
Beans (dry)
Beans (fresh, fresh-processed)
Bedding/garden plants
Beef cattle, general/other
Beef cattle, live animal
Bees, honey, and other pollinators, general
Berries and cane fruits, other
Biological Cell Systems
Broadleaf forests of the South
Chemurgic Crops
Citrus, general/other
Cole crops (includes cabbage, kale, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower,
Conifer forests of the North
Conifer forests of the South
Conifer forests of the West
Cool season perennial grasses (includes bluegrass, bromegrass, fescue)
Corn (for sweetcorn use 1480)
Cotton, other
Cottonseed (for meal, oil, etc.)
Cross-commodity research--multiple animal species
Cross-commodity research--multiple crops
Cucurbits, other (includes pumpkin, squash, gourd)
Cut flowers, foliage, and greens
Dairy cattle, general/other
Dairy cattle, live animal
Deciduous and small fruits, general/other
Deciduous tree fruits, other
Desert and semidesert shrub land and shinnery
Domestic and community water supply facilities and systems
Drainage and irrigation facilities and systems
Duck and goose, live animal
Durum wheat
Economy, general/other
Edible tree nuts, general/other
Egg-type chicken, live animal
Experimental design and statistical methods
Feed and feed additives
Fiber crops, general/other
Fish habitats
Florist crops, other
Food (not readily associated with specific plant and animal products)
Forage legumes, other
Freshwater shrimp
Fungi (includes yeast)
General Commodity
General technology
Goats, meat and mohair
Grain crops, general/other (includes buckwheat, millet, triticale)
Grain sorghum
Grapes, other
Grasslands, other
Greens and leafy vegetables (includes endive, lettuce, spinach)
Ground covers
Hard red spring wheat
Hard red winter wheat
Hard white wheat
Herbaceous perennials and decorative greens
Herbs and spices
Honey bees
Horses, ponies, and mules
Individuals (as workers, consumers, members of society)
Laboratory animals
Leguminous vegetables, other
Long fiber cotton
Machinery and equipment
Marine shrimp
Marketing, processing, and supply firms other than cooperatives
Meat, beef cattle
Meat, dairy cattle
Meat, sheep
Meat, swine
Meat-type chicken, live animal
Melons (includes cantaloupe, muskmelon, watermelon)
Microorganisms, general/other
Miscellaneous and new crops, general/other
Mixed conifer-broadleaf forests
Mountain grasslands, meadow, and alpine
Mushrooms and other edible fungi
Narcotic plants
Noncrop plant research
Oilseed and oil crops, general/other
Onion, garlic, leek, shallot
Ornamental trees and shrubs
Ornamentals and turf, general/other (includes cacti)
Other animals, general
Other beef cattle products
Other bees (non-Apis bees)
Other cultured finfish
Other dairy cattle products
Other non-bee pollinators, general
Other Pollinators
Other poultry products
Other swine products
Paper and pulp derived products
Parks and urban green space
Pasture and forage crops, general/other
Peas (dry)
Peas (fresh, fresh-processed)
People and communities, general/other
Perennial grasses, other
Pesticides (includes herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, etc.)
Plant research, general
Potted plants
Poultry meat
Poultry, general/other
Raisin grapes
Rangelands and grasslands, general
Rangelands, other
Red clover
Remote sensing equipment and technology
Research equipment and methods, general/other
Research on research management (not research management per se)
Rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, and root crops, general/other (for potato use 1310)
River basins
Rubber, gum, and resin plants, other
Seeds and other plant propagules
Sewage and waste disposal facilities and systems
Sheep and wool, general/other
Sheep, live animal
Soft red wheat
Soft white wheat (includes club, western)
Soil and land, general
Solanaceous and related crops, general/other (for potato use 1310)
Spiders, mites, ticks, and other arthropods
Striped bass
Sugar beet
Sugar cane
Sugar crops, general/other
Summer annual grasses (includes forage sorghums, sudangrass, sorghum)
Sweet potato
Sweet sorghum
Swine, general/other
Swine, live animal
Table grapes
The family and its members
The farm as an enterprise
Trees, forests, and forest products, general
Tropical/subtropical fruit, general/other
Turf (includes bentgrass, bermudagrass, bluegrass, dichondra, fescue)
Turkey, live animal
Upland cotton
Vegetables, general/other
Viroids, mycoplasmas, spiroplasmas, etc.
Warm season perennial grasses (includes dallisgrass, bluestems)
Water resources
Watersheds and river basins, general
Wetland and riparian systems
Wheat, other
Wild animals
Wildlife and natural fisheries, general/other
Wildlife habitats
Wine grapes
Winter annual legumes (includes subterranean clover, arrowleaf clover)
Wood and wood products
Wool fiber
item "Green" Nature Inspired Nano-Sanitizers for Enhancing the Safety of Ready-to-Eat Fruits and Vegetables
item Agreement with Agricultural Marketing Services (AMS) to Store PVP Seed Material
item Apple Genomes for Postharvest Fruit Quality Biomarkers
item Asian Giant Hornet (AGH) Lure Development
item Asian Giant Hornet Lure Development
item Assessing Barriers to and Benefits of AMF Colonization in Apple
item Assessing Barriers to and Benefits of AMF Colonization in Apple
item Automated Technologies for Harvesting and Quality Evaluation of Fruits and Vegetables
item Biology, Management and Reducing the Impact of the Spotted Lanternfly
item Biology, Management and Reducing the Impact of the Spotted Lanternfly in Specialty Crops in the Eastern USA
item Breeding and Selection of Apple Rootstocks to Match California Industry Needs
item Breeding Designer Apple Rootstocks to Match Nutrient Parameters under Organic Management
item Bringing Historic Seed Test Data Alive Through Machine Learning Algorithms: Proof of Concept
item Can We Get Codling Moth Females To Stop Laying Eggs On Apple
item Characterization and Detection of Viruses that Impact the Exchange and Curation of Plant Germplasm
item Collaborative Research with the Center for Plant Conservation to Determine Responses to Long-term Storage Conditions
item Coordinated Precision Application Technologies for Sustainable Pest Management and Crop Protection
item Deep Learning-based 3D Fruit-Tree Perception Through Efficient Multi-Sensor Fusion for Robotic Harvesting of Apples
item Developing a Multi Life-Stage Management Strategy for Apple Maggot through the Integration of Attract-and-Kill and Biological Control
item Developing Cas12a-Based Technologies for Early Detection of Exotic Phytoplasmas
item Development of a Computer Program to Predict Spray Droplet Displacement Discharged from Intelligent Sprayers
item Development of a Control and Planning System for an Apple Robotic Harvester
item Development of a Fast, Cost-effective Approach for Quantification of Microbial Community Shift in Chitin Amended Soil
item Development of Apple Rootstock Technologies for U.S. and Kazakhstan Apple Growers
item Development of Biotic and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Apple Rootstocks
item Development of Educational Materials for the Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources
item Development of Genebanking Training Materials and Seed Germination Studies
item Development of Natural Antimicrobial Agents from Byproducts of Olives
item Development of Trapping Systems for the Asian Giant Hornet
item Development of Trapping Systems for the Asian Giant Hornet
item Directing Plant-Microbe Relations Toward Resiliency Post-Fumigation
item Earwig Augmentation and Conservation in Oregon
item Earwig Augmentation and Conservation in the Wenatchee Valley
item Efficacy of Intelligent Spray Technology in Apple and Grape Production
item Efficient and Effective Preservation and Management of Plant and Microbial Genetic Resource Collections
item Enhanced Discovery of Genetic Factors Related to Postharvest Fruit Quality Traits
item Enhanced Mitigation and Rapid Response to Reduce Spread and Impact of Spotted Lanternfly in the United States
item Enhanced Mitigation and Rapid Response to Reduce Spread and Impact of Spotted Lanternfly in the United States
item Enhancement of Apple, Pear, and Sweet Cherry Quality
item Enhancing Educational Outcomes for Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Use
item Enhancing the Safety and Quality of Fresh Produce and Low-Moisture Foods by Waterless Non-Thermal Technologies
item Evaluating Suppression of Erwinia Amylovora in Commercial Apple Production using Symbiotic Methylobacteria
item Evaluation of Germplasm of Horticulture and Sugarcrops
item Genetic Engineering of Moth Viruses for Enhanced Insecticidal Efficacy
item Genotypic Analyses of the USDA-National Plant Germplasm System Apple Collection
item Impact of Specialized Lipid Mediators Derived from EPA and DHA On Gut Microbiota
item Implementation of Variable-Rate Airflow to Intelligent Sprayers Used in Apple Orchards
item Improve Spray Droplet Retention Capabilities on Targets with Amendment of Spray Solution Properties
item Improving Apple and Pear Cold Chain Outcomes
item Improving Food Quality via Nano Technologies
item Improving Fruit Crop Traits Through Advanced Genomic, Breeding, and Management Technologies
item Improving Sensor Detection Accuracy for Greenhouse Intelligent Sprayer Development
item Integrated Approach to Manage the Pest Complex on Temperate Tree Fruits
item Integrated Production and Automation Systems for Temperate Fruit Crops
item Integration of Intelligent Spray Technology into IPM Programs in Specialty Crop Production
item Investigation of Laser-guided Variable-rate Spray Technology in Washington State Apple Orchards
item Leveraging Pest Behavior for Implementation of Biological Control for Plum Curculio
item Management and Development of Apple, Cold-Hardy Grape, and Tart Cherry Genetic Resources and Associated Information
item Management of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) in U.S. Specialty Crops
item Managing the Invasive Spotted Lanternfly (SLF) in Specialty Crops
item New Approaches to Enhance Fresh Fruit Quality and Control Postharvest Diseases
item New Sustainable Processes, Preservation Technologies, and Product Concepts for Specialty Crops and Their Co-Products
item Novel Control of Codling Moth with RNA Interference
item Novel Isochoric Processing For Sustainable, Safe And High Quality Preservation Of Fluid Foods
item Omics-Based Approach to Detection, Identification, and Systematics of Plant Pathogenic Phytoplasmas and Spiroplasmas
item Patriot Guardens: An Integrated Agriculture and Technology Support Program for Appalachia – Supporting Agreement
item Plant Exploration in the Central Highlands and Mountainous Area of Northern Vietnam to Collect Malus doumeri Germplasm
item Plant Genetic Resources for Tropical Crop Collections
item Polyphenol-Rich Foods and Promotion of Intestinal Health
item Quantifying Invasive Insect Movement within and Across Landscapes Using Laser Detection Technology and Unmanned Aerial Systems
item Quantifying Invasive Insect Movement Within and Across Landscapes Using Laser Detection Technology and Unmanned Aerial Systems - Marquette Univ.
item Quantifying Invasive Insect Movement Within and Across Landscapes Using Laser Detection Technology and Unmanned Aerial Systems - Penn State Univ.
item Quantifying Invasive Insect Movement Within and Across Landscapes Using Laser Detection Technology and Unmanned Aerial Systems - Univ. of Missouri
item Reducing Carbon Dioxide-Related Postharvest Disorders
item Reducing Postharvest Loss and Improving Fresh Produce Marketability and Nutritive Values through Technological Innovations and Process Optimization
item Resolving Inoculum Sources and Evaluating Alternatives to Mitigate Postharvest Diseases, Food Losses, and Mycotoxin Contamination in Apple
item RNA Integrity as a Powerful Metric of Aging in Preserved Seed Collections of Wild Rare Plant Species
item Seed Quality and Germination Tests of Seeds Stored at NLGRP
item Staffing and Operation for National Clonal Repositories for Plant Germplasm
item System Approaches Using Genomics and Biology to Manage Postharvest Fruit Decay, Antimicrobial Resistance, and Mycotoxins to Reduce Food Loss and Waste
item Tactics To Improve Natural Enemy Releases In Tree Fruit
item The Chemistry and Effectiveness of Plant Vitrification Solutions for Use in Cryopreservation
item Threat Assessment and Resistance Characterization of a Novel Ecotype of Woolly Apple Aphid
item Towards Next Generation Maturity Indices: Apple Biomarker Discovery
item Transcriptome Sequencing and Enterprise Genome
item Uncovering Rootstock Disease Resistance Mechanisms in Deciduous Tree Fruit Crops and Development of Genetics-Informed Breeding Tools for Resistant Germplasm
item Understand and Mitigate Fungicide Resistance in Penicillium spp
item Using Intelligent Sprayer Technology to Enhance Economic and Environmental Sustainability in Nurseries and Apple Orchards
item Utilizing Environmental DNA (eDNA) as a Biosurveillance Tool for Spotted Lanternfly
item Validation and Commercialization of Innovative Processing Technologies
item Visual Servoing in Agricultural Environments
item Whole Genome, Transcriptome and Comparative Genomics of Postharvest Fungal Plant Pathogens
item Wigging Out, Then Wigging In: Removing Earwigs From Stone Fruit and Augmenting Them in Pome Fruit