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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Byron, Georgia » Fruit and Tree Nut Research » People & Locations » David Shapiro Ilan

David I Shapiro Ilan
Fruit and Tree Nut Research
Research Entomologist

Phone: (478) 956-6444
Fax: (478) 956-6459

21 DUNBAR RD
BYRON, GA 310080000
Projects
Group Behavior and Chemical Signaling as Drivers for Entomopathogenic Nematode Foraging and Infection Dynamics
Cooperative Agreement (A)
  Accession Number: 432535
Group Behavior and Chemical Signaling as Drivers for Entomopathogenic Nematode Foraging and Infection Dynamics
Cooperative Agreement (A)
  Accession Number: 435064
Group Behavior and Chemical Signaling as Drivers for Entomopathogenic Nematode Foraging and Infection Dynamics
Cooperative Agreement (A)
  Accession Number: 435066
Biocontrol with Benefits: Enhancing Sustainability by Adding Value
Cooperative Agreement (A)
  Accession Number: 435449
Novel Approaches for Managing Key Pests of Peach and Pecan
In-House Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 439287
Group Behavior and Chemical Signaling as Drivers for Entomopathogenic Nematode Foraging and Infection Dynamics
Interagency Reimbursable Agreement (I)
  Accession Number: 434742
Biocontrol with Benefits: Enhancing Sustainability by Adding Value
Interagency Reimbursable Agreement (I)
  Accession Number: 435432
Southeastern Peach and Pecan Research
Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 435583
Developing a Multi Life-stage Management Strategy for Apple Maggot Through the Integration of Attract-and-kill and Biological Control
Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement (R)
  Accession Number: 436229
New Formulation for Biopesticides Based on Single Cell Encapsulation via Pickering Emulsions
Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement (R)
  Accession Number: 436946
Leveraging Pest Behavior for Implementation of Biological Control for Plum Curculio
Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement (R)
  Accession Number: 437496
Pecan Hedge-pruning: A Sustainable Management Option for the Southeastern US
Reimbursable Cooperative Agreement (R)
  Accession Number: 439219
Advances in Application Technology of Microbial Control Agents
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 439747
Advanced Manufacturing Opportunities to Enhance Pecan Shelling Processing
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 440615
Advanced Manufacturing Opportunities to Enhance Pecan Shelling Processing – Testbed Development
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 440619
Enhancing Food Safety in Pecan Processing
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 440662
Sustainable Conservation of Pollinators
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 438628
Applied Invertebrate Pathology and Microbial Control for Protection Against Homopteran and Curculionid Pests
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 434092

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Differences in Distribution and Community Structure of Pecan Plant-Parasitic Nemotodes Between Two Georgia Ecoregions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Entomopathogenic Nematodes as Biological Control Agent Against Bactrocera zontat and Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tehpritidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Impact of a biorational pesticide on the pecan aphid complex and its natural enemies Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hofman, C.O., Cottrell, T.E., Bock, C.H., Mizell, R.F., Wells, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2021. Impact of a biorational pesticide on the pecan aphid complex and its natural enemies. Biological Control. 161/104709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2021.104709.
Entomopathogenic Nematode Management of Small Hive Beetles (Aethina tumida) in ThreeNative Alabama Soils Under Low Moisture Conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Antifungal activity of different Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus species against various fungal phytopathogens and identification of the antifungal compounds from Xenorhabdus szentirmaii - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Quantification of pH Tolerance Levels among Entomopathogenic Nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Potential use of entomopathogenic nematodes against the soil dwelling stages of onion thrips Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) under laboratory, greenhouse and field conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
An Assessment of Steinernema Rarum as a Biocontrol Agent in Sugarcane with Focus on Sphenophorus Levels, Host-Finding Ability, Compatibility with Vinasse and Field Efficacy. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Silva, M.S., Cardoso, J.M., Ferreira, M.E., Baldo, F.B., Silva, R.S., Chacon-Orozco, J.G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Bueno, C.J., Garrigos-Leite, L. 2021. An Assessment of Steinernema Rarum as a Biocontrol Agent in Sugarcane with Focus on Sphenophorus Levels, Host-Finding Ability, Compatibility with Vinasse and Field Efficacy.. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 11/500. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture11060500.
Combined Effect of Entomopathogens Against Thrips Tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Under Laboratory, Greenhouse and Field Conditions Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gulzar, S., Wakil, W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2021. Combined Effect of Entomopathogens Against Thrips Tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Under Laboratory, Greenhouse and Field Conditions. Insects. 12/456. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12050456.
The effect of chemical insecticides on the scavenging performance of Steinernema carpocapsae: Direct effects and exposure to insects killed by chemical insecticides Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nalinci, E., Karagoz, M., Ulug, D., Gulsen, S., Cimen, H., Touray, M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S. 2021. The effect of chemical insecticides on the scavenging performance of Steinernema carpocapsae: Direct effects and exposure to insects killed by chemical insecticides. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 184/107641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2021.107641.
Biocontrol of wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) using entomopathogenic nematodes: The impact of infected host cadaver application and soil characteristics Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sandhi, R., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ivie, M., Reddy, G.V. 2021. Biocontrol of wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) using entomopathogenic nematodes: The impact of infected host cadaver application and soil characteristics. Environmental Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvab042.
The Impact of Chemical Nematicides on Entomopathogenic Nematode Survival and Infectivity Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Touray, M., Cimen, H., Sebnem, G., Ulug, D., Erdogus, D., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S. 2021. The Impact of Chemical Nematicides on Entomopathogenic Nematode Survival and Infectivity. Journal of Nematology. 53/49. https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2021-049.
Evaluation of Barricade® to enhance survival entomopathogenic nematodes on cowhide Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Goolsby, J. 2021. Evaluation of Barricade® to enhance survival entomopathogenic nematodes on cowhide. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 184. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JIP.2021.107592.
Bemisia tabaci on vegetables in the southern United States: incidence, impact, and management Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, Y., Mbata, G.N., Punnuri, S., Simmons, A.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2021. Bemisia tabaci on vegetables in the southern United States: incidence, impact, and management. Insects. 12:198. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12030198.
Chemotaxis of Steinernema carpocapsae to Galleria mellonella (L.) larvae infected by con- or hetero-specific entomopathogenic nematodes Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fu, Y., Wang, W., Chen, C., Shan, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Liu, Y., Cheng, W., Gu, X., Ruan, W. 2020. Chemotaxis of Steinernema carpocapsae to Galleria mellonella (L.) larvae infected by con- or hetero-specific entomopathogenic nematodes. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 31/299-313. https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2020.1853049.
Antifungal activity of Xenorhabdus spp. and Photorhabdus spp. metabolites and volatiles on the soilborne plant pathogenic Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chacón-Orozco, J.G., Bueno, C.J., Shapiro-Ilan, D., Hazir, S., Leite, L.G., and Harakava, R. 2020.Antifungal activity of Xenorhabdus spp. and Photorhabdus spp. against the soybean pathogenic Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Scientific Reports, 10, Article number: 20649.
Environmental Tolerance of Entomopathogenic Fungi: A New Strain of Cordyceps javanica Isolated from a Whitefly Epizootic Versus Commercial Fungal Strains Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wu, S., Toews, M.D., Hofman, C.O., Behle, R.W., Simmons, A.M., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. 2020. Environmental Tolerance of Entomopathogenic Fungi: A New Strain of Cordyceps javanica Isolated from a Whitefly Epizootic Versus Commercial Fungal Strains. Insects. 11(10). Article 711. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11100711.
Synergistic interactions between two invertebrate pathogens: an endophytic fungus and an externally applied bacterium Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wakil, W., Yasin, M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Synergistic interactions between two invertebrate pathogens: an endophytic fungus and an externally applied bacterium. Frontiers in Microbiology. 11, 522368. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.522368.
Specialized Pheromones Can Boost the Ability of Beneficial Nematodes to Control Pecan Weevil and Other Pests ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hofman, C.O., Kaplan, F. 2020. Specialized Pheromones Can Boost the Ability of Beneficial Nematodes to Control Pecan Weevil and Other Pests. Pecan Grower. 23(5): 25-33.
Initial Studies on Beneficial Fungi that Can Live Inside Pecan Trees and Provide Protection from Insects and Disease ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ramakuwela, T., Bock, C.H., Hatting, J., Vega, F.E., Wells, L., Mbata, G. 2020. Initial Studies on Beneficial Fungi that Can Live Inside Pecan Trees and Provide Protection from Insects and Disease. Pecan Grower. 23(5): 50-58.
Mortality of native and invasive ladybirds co-infected by ectoparasitic and entomopathogenic fungi Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Haelewaters, D., Hiller, T., Kemp, E.A., Van Wielink, P.S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Aime, M.C., Nedyed, O., Pfister, D.H., Cottrell, T.E. 2020. Mortality of native and invasive ladybirds co-infected by ectoparasitic and entomopathogenic fungi. PeerJ. 8/e10110. http://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10110.
Passive transfer of Steinernema riobrave entomopathogenic nematodes with implications for treatment of cattle fever tick-infested nilgai Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goolsby, J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Passive transfer of Steinernema riobrave entomopathogenic nematodes with implications for treatment of cattle fever tick-infested nilgai. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 12:1330-1339. https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2020.1817332.
Passive transfer of Steinernema riobrave entomopathogenic nematodes with potential implications for treatment of cattle fever tick-infested nilgai Reprint Icon - (Abstract Only)
Goolsby, J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Passive transfer of Steinernema riobrave entomopathogenic nematodes with potential implications for treatment of cattle fever tick-infested nilgai. Meeting Abstract. 1330-1339. https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2020.1817332.
Virulence of entomopathogenic fungi to the Apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interactions with entomopathogenic nematodes Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Usman, M., Gulzar, S., Walkll, W., Wu, S., Pinero, J., Leskey, T.C., Nixon, L., Hofman, C.O., Toews, M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Virulence of entomopathogenic fungi to the Apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interactions with entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Economic Entomology. 113, 2627-2633. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa209.
Environmental tolerance of infective juveniles differs among nematodes arising from host cadaver versus aqueous suspension Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gulzar, S., Usman, M., Wakil, W., Gulcu, B., Hazir, C., Karagoz, M., Hazir, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Environmental tolerance of infective juveniles differs among nematodes arising from host cadaver versus aqueous suspension. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 175: 107452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2020.107452.
Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Sustainable Food Production Reprint Icon ()
Koppenhofer, A.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hiltpold, I. 2020. Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Sustainable Food Production. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. (4)125. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.00125.
Dynamics of entomopathogenic nematode foraging and infectivity in microgravity Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kaplan, F., Schiller, K.C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Dynamics of entomopathogenic nematode foraging and infectivity in microgravity. Nature. 6:20. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41526-020-00110-y.
Montana native Entomopathogenic Nematode Species against Limonius californicus (Coleoptera: Elateridae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sandhi, R., Shapiro-Ilan, D., Reddy, G.V. 2020. Montana native Entomopathogenic Nematode Species against Limonius californicus (Coleoptera: Elateridae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 113:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toaa164.
Metabolites from symbiotic bacteria of entomopathogenic nematodes have antimicrobial effects against Pythium myriotylum Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shan, S., Huang, C., Zhen, S., Ma, H., Gu, X., Jiang, Z., Sun, B., Chen, C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ruan, W. 2020. Metabolites from symbiotic bacteria of entomopathogenic nematodes have antimicrobial effects against Pythium myriotylum. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 158/35-44. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-020-02053-2.
Potential of entomopathogenic nematodes against the pupal stage of the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Usman, M., Gulzar, S., Wakil, W., Pinero, J., Leskey, T.C., Nixon, L., Hofman, C.O., Wu, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2020. Potential of entomopathogenic nematodes against the pupal stage of the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Nematology. 52:1-9. https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2020-079.
Toward the integration of an attract-and-kill approach with entomopathogenic nematodes to control multiple life stages of plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Pinero, J.C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cooley, D.R., Tuttle, A., Eaton, A., Drohan, P., Leahy, K., Zhang, A., Hancock, T., Wallingford, A.K., Leskey, T.C. 2020. Toward the integration of an attract-and-kill approach with entomopathogenic nematodes to control multiple life stages of plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Insects. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11060375.
First report of Ovomermis sinensis (Nematoda: Mermithidae) parasitizing fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sun, B., Li, F., He, X., Cao, F., Bandason, E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ruan, W., Wu, S. 2020. First report of Ovomermis sinensis (Nematoda: Mermithidae) parasitizing fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China. Journal of Nematology. (52):1-7. https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2020-050.
An innovative strategy for control of fungus gnats using entomopathogenic nematodes alone or in combination with waterlogging Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chen, C., Ma, H., Zheng, S., Ma, M., Li, J., Wu, F., Zhou, T., Gu, Xinhui, Gao, Yubao, Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ruan, Weibin 2020. An innovative strategy for control of fungus gnats using entomopathogenic nematodes alone or in combination with waterlogging. Journal of Nematology. 52:1-9. https://doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2020-052.
Advances in the use of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) as biopesticides in suppressing crop insect pests Reprint Icon ()
Koppenhofer, A.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hiltpold, I. 2020. Advances in the use of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) as biopesticides in suppressing crop insect pests. Biopesticides for Sustainable Agriculture. (10)1-38. https://doi.org/10.19103/AS.2020.0073.10.
Field testing of the remotely operated sprayer for control of cattle fever ticks on nilgai ()
Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the sugarbeet wireworm, Limonius californicus (Mannerheim) (Coleoptera: Elateridae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sandhi, R.K., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Sharma, A., Reddy, G.V. 2020. Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the sugarbeet wireworm, Limonius californicus (Mannerheim) (Coleoptera: Elateridae). Biological Control. 143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2020.104190.
Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes applied via remotely activated sprayer for eradication of southern cattle fever ticks on nilgai - (Abstract Only)
Establishment of Beauveria bassiana as a fungal endophyte in pecan (Carya illinoinensis) seedlings and its virulence against pecan insect pests Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramakuwela, T., Hatting, J., Bock, C.H., Vega, F.E., Wells, L., Mbata, G.N., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2019. Establishment of Beauveria bassiana as a fungal endophyte in pecan (Carya illinoinensis) seedlings and its virulence against pecan insect pests. Biological Control. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2019.104102.
Development of a remotely activated field sprayer and evaluation of temperature and aeration on the longevity of Steinernema riobrave entomopathogenic nematodes for treatment of cattle fever tick infested nilgai - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goolsby, J., Cantu, D., Racelis, A., Vasquez, A., Hoffmann, W.C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hinojosa, J., Bonilla, D., Ellis, D., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2019. Development of a remotely activated field sprayer and evaluation of temperature and aeration on the longevity of Steinernema riobrave entomopathogenic nematodes for treatment of cattle fever tick infested nilgai. Subtropical Agriculture and Environments. 70:1-5.
Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Space ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Kaplan, F. 2019. Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Space. Society of Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter. 52(2):13.
Preferential infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes in an envenomed host Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mbata, G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Alborn, H.T., Strand, M. 2019. Preferential infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes in an envenomed host. International Journal for Parasitology. 49(9):737-745. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2019.05.002.
Advances in use of entomopathogenic nematodes in IPM, In: Integrated management of insect pests: Current and future developments ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Glazer, I. 2019. Advances in use of entomopathogenic nematodes in IPM, In: Integrated management of insect pests: Current and future developments. Book Chapter. 649 – 678.
Biocontrol potential of a new strain of Isaria fumosorosea - (Abstract Only)
Exploring an odor-baited “trap bush” approach to aggregate Plum curculio (Coleoptera: curculionidae) injury in blueberries Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Rodriguez-Saona, C., Nielsen, A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Tewari, S., Kyryczenko-Roth, V., Firbas, N., Leskey, T.C. 2019. Exploring an odor-baited “trap bush” approach to aggregate Plum curculio (Coleoptera: curculionidae) injury in blueberries. Insects. 10(4):113. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10040113.
Entomopathogenic nematodes are effective at killing plum curculio larvae in the soil ()
Pinero, J.C., Leskey, T.C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2019. Entomopathogenic nematodes are effective at killing plum curculio larvae in the soil. Fruit Notes. 84(Winter): 9-11.
How do nematodes learn to find a host? ()
Willett, D.S., Alborn, H.T., Stelinski, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2019. How do nematodes learn to find a host?. Science Journal for Kids. pgs.1-4. https://www.sciencejournalforkids.org/search-articles/how-do-nematodes-learn-to-find-a-host.
Biocontrol with benefits: Enhancing sustainability by adding value ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Blaauw, B., Chavez, D., Duncan, L. 2018. Biocontrol with benefits: Enhancing sustainability by adding value. Sustainable Agriculture at UGA Newsletter. 2018(Fall):3-4.
Risk taking of educated nematodes Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Willett, D.S., Alborn, H.T., Stelinski, L.L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2018. Risk taking of educated nematodes. PLoS One. 13(10):e0205804. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205804.
Ecology of invertebrate diseases ()
Hajek, A. E & Shapiro-Ilan, D. I. 2018. Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. 657 p.
A comparison of organic fungicides: alternatives for reducing scab on pecan Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Brock, J.H., Brenneman, T.B., Wilkins, B., Wells, D.E., Wells, L., Mizell, R.F. 2019. A comparison of organic fungicides: alternatives for reducing scab on pecan. Organic Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-018-0229-7.
Variable biotic and abiotic stress in entomopathogenic nematodes: Implications for biocontrol - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2018. Variable biotic and abiotic stress in entomopathogenic nematodes: Implications for biocontrol. Journal of Nematology. :.
Antifungal effects of entomopathogenic symbiotic bacteria for use in biological control of Pythium myriotylum - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2020. Antifungal effects of entomopathogenic symbiotic bacteria for use in biological control of Pythium myriotylum. Journal of Nematology. 1.
The potential for using entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi in the management of the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mbata, G., Ivey, C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2018. The potential for using entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi in the management of the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Biological Control. 125:39-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2018.06.008.
Laboratory assays against adult and larval sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) using entomopathogenic nematodes, microbial-based insecticides and synthetic insecticides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Horton, D.L. 2019. Laboratory assays against adult and larval sap beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) using entomopathogenic nematodes, microbial-based insecticides and synthetic insecticides. Journal of Entomological Science. 54:30-42.
Control of the peachtree borer and lesser peachtree borer using beneficial nematodes ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Russell Mizell Iii, F., Olmstead, M.A., Pinero, J.C. 2018. Control of the peachtree borer and lesser peachtree borer using beneficial nematodes. Healthy Fruit. 26(9): 20-28.
Efficacy of Bordeaux mixture in reducing pecan scab in the southeastern U.S.A. Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Wells, L., Brock, J., Brenneman, T.B., Mizell, R.F. 2019. Efficacy of Bordeaux mixture in reducing pecan scab in the southeastern U.S.A. Organic Agriculture. 9(2):189-198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-018-0218-x.
Survival of Steinernema feltiae in different formulation substrates: improved longevity in a mixture of gel and vermiculite - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leite, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S. 2018. Survival of Steinernema feltiae in different formulation substrates: improved longevity in a mixture of gel and vermiculite. Biological Control. 126:192-197.
Treatment of cattle with Steinernema riobrave and Heterorhabditis floridensis for control of the Southern Cattle Fever Tick, Rhipicephalus (=Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Goolsby, J., Singh, N.K., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Miller, R., Moran, P.J., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2018. Treatment of cattle with Steinernema riobrave and Heterorhabditis floridensis for control of the Southern Cattle Fever Tick, Rhipicephalus (=Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Southwestern Entomologist. 43:295-302.
Comparing protection afforded by different organic alternatives to conventional fungicides for reducing scab on pecan - (Abstract Only)
Bock, C.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Wilkins, B., Wells, D.E., Wells, L., Brock, J.H., Hotchkiss, M.W., Mizell, R.F. 2018. Comparing protection afforded by different organic alternatives to conventional fungicides for reducing scab on pecan. International Congress of Plant Pathology Abstracts and Proceedings. 108:S1.154.
Efficacy of Bordeaux mixture to control pecan scab in large-plot experiments - (Abstract Only)
Bock, C.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wells, L., Mizell, R.F. 2018. Efficacy of Bordeaux mixture to control pecan scab in large-plot experiments [abstract]. International Congress of Plant Pathology Abstracts and Proceedings. 108:S1.154.
Entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi virulence to cowpea curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) larvae Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Schmidt, J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Graham, C., Barwick, S., Sparks Jr., A., Riley, D. 2018. Entomopathogenic nematodes and fungi virulence to cowpea curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) larvae. Journal of Entomological Science. 53(2):152-161. https://doi.org/10.18474/JES17-65.1.
Comparative assessment of four steinernematidae and three heterorhabditidae species for infectivity of larval diabrotica virgifera virgifera Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Geisert, R.W., Cheruiyot, D.J., Hibbard, B.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Shelby, K., Coudron, T.A. 2018. Comparative assessment of four steinernematidae and three heterorhabditidae species for infectivity of larval diabrotica virgifera virgifera. Journal of Economic Entomology. 111(2):542-548. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/tox372.
The combined approach of strain discovery and the inbred line technique for improving control of Delia radicum with Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sharifi-Far, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Brownbridge, M., Hallett, R.H. 2018. The combined approach of strain discovery and the inbred line technique for improving control of Delia radicum with Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Biological Control. 118:37-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2017.12.004.
Effect of immersion time on efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against engorged females of Cattle Fever Tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Singh, N., Goolsby, J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Setamou, M., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2018. Effect of immersion time on efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against engorged females of Cattle Fever Tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 43(1):19-28. https://doi.org/10.3958/059.043.0120.
Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae) against engorged females of the cattle fever tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Singh, N., Goolsby, J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Miller, R., Thomas, D.B., Klafke, G., Tidwell, J.P., Racelis, A., Grewal, P., Perez De Leon, A.A. 2018. Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae) against engorged females of the cattle fever tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Southwestern Entomologist. 43(1):1-17. https://doi.org/10.3958/059.043.0119.
Control of pecan weevil with microbial biopesticides Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Bock, C.H., Mai, K.T., Boykin, D.L., Wells, L., Hudson, W.G., Mizell III, R.F. 2017. Control of pecan weevil with microbial biopesticides. Environmental Entomology. 46(6):1299-1304. https://doi:10.1093/ee/nvx144.
Movement patterns in entomopathogenic nematodes: continuous vs. temporal Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ruan, W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E., Kaplan, F., Alborn, H.T., Gu, X., Schliekelman, P. 2018. Movement patterns in entomopathogenic nematodes: continuous vs. temporal. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 151:137-143. https://doi:10.1016/j.jip.2017.11.010.
Entomopathogenic nematodes as biological control agents of tomato Reprint Icon ()
Del Pino, F.G., Morton, A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2018. Entomopathogenic nematodes as biological control agents of tomato. In: Wakil, W., Brust, G.E., and Perring, T.M., editors. Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato Pests. London, UK: London Academic Press. p. 269–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802441-6.00012-7.
Leveraging the ecology of invertebrate pathogens in microbial control Reprint Icon ()
Dara, S. K., Goble, T. A., and Shapiro-Ilan, D. I. 2018. Leveraging the ecology of invertebrate pathogens in microbial control. In: Hajek, A. E. & Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., editors. Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p. 469-494.
Natural product diversity associated with the nematode symbionts Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Tobias, N.J., Wolff, H., Djahanschiri, B., Grundmann, F., Kronenwerth, M., Shi, Y.M., Simonyi, S., Grun, P., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Pidot, S.J., Stinear, T.P., Ebersberger, I., Bode, H.B. 2017. Natural product diversity associated with the nematode symbionts Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus. Nature Microbiology. 2(12):1676-1685. https://doi:10.1038/s41564-017-0039-9.
Using microbial biopesticides to control pecan weevil ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Bock, C.H., Wells, L., Hudson, W.G., Mizell Iii, R.F. 2017. Using microbial biopesticides to control pecan weevil. The Pecan Grower Magazine. 29(6):18-38.
Ecology of Invertebrate Pathogens: Nematodes Reprint Icon ()
Shapiro-Ilan, D. I., Hiltpold, I., and Lewis, E. E. 2018. Ecology of Invertebrate Pathogens: Nematodes In: Hajek, A. E & Shapiro-Ilan, D. I., editors. Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, p. 415-440.
Effects of single and combined applications of entomopathogenic fungi and nematodes against Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wakil, W., Yasin, M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2017. Effects of single and combined applications of entomopathogenic fungi and nematodes against Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier). Scientific Reports. 7:5971. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05615-3.
Thermo-stability, dose effects and shelf-life of antifungal metabolite-containing supernatants produced by Xenorhabdus szentirmai Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hazir, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Leite, L. 2018. Thermo-stability, dose effects and shelf-life of antifungal metabolite-containing supernatants produced by Xenorhabdus szentirmai. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 150(2):297-306. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-017-1277-7.
Thermo-stability, dose effects and shelf-life of antifungal compounds produced by the symbiotic bacterium Xenorhabdus szentirmaii - (Abstract Only)
Hazir, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Leite, L.G. 2017. Thermo-stability, dose effects and shelf-life of antifungal compounds produced by the symbiotic bacterium Xenorhabdus szentirmaii. American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting. 107: S5.26.
New bacterial products for control of pecan pests ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Bock, C.H., Mizell, R.F. 2017. New bacterial products for control of pecan pests. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. http://sepga.com/Presentation/WEB2017pres/PresentationsShapiro-Ilan.pdf.
Trans-cinnamic acid and Xenorhabdus szentirmaii metabolites synergize the potency of some commercial fungicides Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hazir, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Leite, L. 2017. Trans-cinnamic acid and Xenorhabdus szentirmaii metabolites synergize the potency of some commercial fungicides. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 145:1-8. https://doi:10.1016/j.jip.2017.03.007.
Effect of inoculum age and physical parameters on in vitro culture of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema feltiae Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leite, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Jackson, M.A. 2017. Effect of inoculum age and physical parameters on in vitro culture of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema feltiae. Journal of Helminthology. 91(6):686-695. https://doi:10.1017/S0022149X16000821.
Parasites of Harmonia axyridis: current research and perspectives ()
Haelwaters, D., Zhao, S.Y., Cottrell, T.E., Kesel, A., Fiedler, L., Herz, A., Hesketh, H., Hui, C., Kleespies, R.G., Losey, J.E., Murray, K.M., Nedved, O., Pfliegler, W.P., Raak-Van Den Berg, C.L., Riddick, E.W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Smyth, R.R., Steenberg, T., Van Wielink, P.S., Viglasova, S., Zhao, Z., Ceryngier, P., Roy, H.E. 2016. Parasites of Harmonia axyridis: current research and perspectives. Biocontrol. 62:355-371.
A new medium for liquid fermentation of Steinernema feltiae: selection of lipid and protein sources - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leite, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Jackson, M.A. 2017. A new medium for liquid fermentation of Steinernema feltiae: selection of lipid and protein sources. Nematropica. 46(2):147-153.
Will dual fungal infections increase mortality of Harmonia axyridis in natural populations? - (Proceedings)
Haelewaters, D., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E. 2018. Will dual fungal infections increase mortality of Harmonia axyridis in natural populations?. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (Abstract for Conference Proceedings). 137:12-16.
In vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Morales Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G. 2016. In vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes. In: Microbial-Based Biopesticides – Methods and Protocols. New York, NY: Humana Press. 1477:137-158.
A comparison of novel entomopathogenic nematode application methods for control of the chive gnat, Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: sciaridae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bai, G., Wang, X., Ma, H., Shen, G., Feng, X., Pan, J., Gu, X., Ruan, W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2106. A comparison of novel entomopathogenic nematode application methods for control of the chive gnat, Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: sciaridae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 109(5):2006–2013.
Curative control of the peachtree borer using entomopathogenic nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F., Horton, D.L. 2016. Curative control of the peachtree borer using entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Nematology. 48(3):170-176.
The impact of Cu, Zn and Cr salts on the relationship between insect and plant parasitic nematodes: a reduction in biocontrol efficacy - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Sun, Y., Bai, G., Wang, Y., Zhang, Y., Pan, J., Cheng, W., Feng, X., Li, H., Ma, C., Ruan, W., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. 2016. The impact of Cu, Zn and Cr salts on the relationship between insect and plant parasitic nematodes: a reduction in biocontrol efficacy. Environmental Science and Technology. 107(11):108-115.
The effects of nutrient concentration, addition of thickeners, and agitation speed on liquid fermentation of Steinernema feltiae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Leite, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Jackson, M.A. 2016. The effects of nutrient concentration, addition of thickeners, and agitation speed on liquid fermentation of Steinernema feltiae. Journal of Nematology. 48(2):126-133.
Control of the peachtree borer using beneficial nematodes ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell III, R.F., Olmstead, M.A. 2016. Control of the peachtree borer using beneficial nematodes. The Peach News. 2 (2), 14-15.
Relative potency of culture supernatants of Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus spp. on growth of some fungal phytopathogens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hazir, S., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Hazir, C., Leite, L., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2016. Relative potency of culture supernatants of Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus spp. on growth of some fungal phytopathogens. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 146(2):369-381.
Biological control and nutrition: food for thought ()
Blackburn, D., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Adams, B. 2106. Biological control and nutrition: food for thought. Biological Control. 97:131-138.
Microbial control of arthropod pests of orchards in temperate climates ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Arthurs, S., Lacey, L. 2017. Microbial control of arthropod pests of orchards in temperate climates. IN: Lacey, L. A. (Ed.), Microbial Agents for Control of Insect Pests: from discovery to commercial development and use. Academic Press, pp. 253-267.
Basic and applied research: Entomopathogenic nematodes ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Glazer, I. 2017. Basic and applied research: Entomopathogenic nematodes. IN: Lacey, L. A. (Ed.), Microbial Agents for Control of Insect Pests: from discovery to commercial development and use. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 91-105.
Enhanced biological control potential of the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, applied with a protective gel formulation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dito, D.F., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Dunlap, C.A., Behle, R.W., Lewis, E.E. 2016. Enhanced biological control potential of the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, applied with a protective gel formulation. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 26(6):835–848.
Advances in organic insect pest management in pecan ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F. 2016. Advances in organic insect pest management in pecan. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. http://sepga.com/Presentation/WEB2016pres/Shapiro-IlanSEPGA2016.pdf.
Multifaceted effects of host plants on entomopathogenic nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hazir, S., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Hazir, C., Leite, L., Cakmak, I., Olson, D.M. 2016. Multifaceted effects of host plants on entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 135:53-59.
Efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae plus fire gel applied as a single spray for control of the lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F., Horton, D.L. 2016. Efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae plus fire gel applied as a single spray for control of the lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes. Biological Control. 94:33-36.
Limiting opportunities for cheating stabilizes virulence in insect parasitic nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Raymond, B. 2016. Limiting opportunities for cheating stabilizes virulence in insect parasitic nematodes. Evolutionary Applications. 9(3):462-470.
Environmental drivers of trait changes in Photorhabdus luminescens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Blackburn, D., Crawford, B., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Adams, B. 2016. Environmental drivers of trait changes in Photorhabdus luminescens. Biological Control. 92:145-152.
Insect cadaver applications: pros and cons ()
Dolinski, C., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2015. Insect cadaver applications: pros and cons. In: Campos-Herrera, R., editor. Nematode pathogenesis of insects and other pests - ecology and applied technologies for sustainable plant and crop protection. Springer International Publishing. p. 207-229.
Entomopathogenic nematode application technology ()
Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Dolinski, C. 2015. Entomopathogenic nematode application technology. In: Campos-Herrera, R., editor. Nematode pathogenesis of insects and other pests - ecology and applied technologies for sustainable plant and crop protection. Springer International Publishing. p. 231-534.
Viability and virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes exposed to ultraviolet radiation - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S., Leite, L. 2015. Viability and virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Nematology. 47(3):184–189.
Organic methods for control of pecan weevil: Results of the first year's field trials ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F. 2015. Organic methods for control of pecan weevil: Results of the first year's field trials. Pecan Grower. 24 (5), 26-30.
Low cost production of nematodes for biological control of insect pests - (Abstract Only)
Rojas, M.G., Morales Ramos, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2015. Low cost production of nematodes for biological control of insect pests. Adjacent Government UK Magazine. 1-2.
A novel approach to biocontrol: release of live insect hosts pre-infected with entomopathogenic nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gumus, A., Karagoz, M., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Hazir, S. 2015. A novel approach to biocontrol: release of live insect hosts pre-infected with entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 130:56-60.
Insect pathogens as biological control agents: back to the future ()
Lacey, L., Grzywacz, D., Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Frutos, R., Brownbridge, M., Goettel, M. 2015. Insect pathogens as biological control agents: back to the future. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 132:1-41.
A novel discovery in the pecan weevil’s pupal cell may lead to a new control method for pecan diseases such as scab ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mizell, Iii, R.F. 2015. A novel discovery in the pecan weevil’s pupal cell may lead to a new control method for pecan diseases such as scab. Pecan Grower. 26(2):10-17.
Morphometric analysis of instar variation in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morales Ramos, J.A., Kay, S., Rojas, M.G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Tedders, W.T. 2015. Morphometric analysis of instar variation in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 108(2):146-159.
An insect pupal cell with antimicrobial properties - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mizell, R.F. 2015. An insect pupal cell with antimicrobial properties. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 124:114-116.
Field Suppression of the peachtree borer, Synanthedon exitiosa, using Steinernema carpocapsae: Effects of irrigation, a sprayable gel and application method - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F., Horton, D.L., Abdo, Z. 2015. Field Suppression of the peachtree borer, Synanthedon exitiosa, using Steinernema carpocapsae: Effects of irrigation, a sprayable gel and application method. Biological Control. 82:7-12.
Characterization of biocontrol traits in Heterorhabditis floridensis: A species with broad temperature tolerance - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Blackburn, D., Duncan, L., El Borai, F.E., Koppenhofer, H., Tailliez, P., Adams, B.J. 2014. Characterization of biocontrol traits in Heterorhabditis floridensis: A species with broad temperature tolerance. Journal of Nematology. 46:336–345.
Suppression of pecan and peach pathogens on different substrates using Xenorhabdus bovienii and Photorhabdus luminescens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2014. Suppression of pecan and peach pathogens on different substrates using Xenorhabdus bovienii and Photorhabdus luminescens. Biological Control. 77, 1-6.
Suppression of pecan and peach pathogens using metabolites or broths of from symbiotic bacteria obtained from the guts of entomopathogenic nematodes - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2014. Suppression of pecan and peach pathogens using metabolites or broths of from symbiotic bacteria obtained from the guts of entomopathogenic nematodes. Phytopathology. 104: S3.16.
Suppression of pecan scab and phytophthora using symbiotic bacteria and their byproducts ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2014. Suppression of pecan scab and phytophthora using symbiotic bacteria and their byproducts. Pecan Grower. 25(4):66-74.
Infectivity of Steinernema carpocapsae and S. feltiae to larvae and adults of the hazelnut weevil, Curculio nucum: Differential virulence and entry routes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Batalla-Carrera, Lai, L., Morton, A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Strand, M., Garcia-Del-Pino, F. 2014. Infectivity of Steinernema carpocapsae and S. feltiae to larvae and adults of the hazelnut weevil, Curculio nucum: Differential virulence and entry routes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 46:281-286.
Breeding a super nematode for enhanced insect pest suppression - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Adams, B. 2014. Breeding a super nematode for enhanced insect pest suppression. Journal of Nematology. 46:233.
Biocontrol potential of Steinernema thermophilum and its symbiont Xenorhabdus indica against lepidopteran pests: virulence to egg and larval stages - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kalia, V., Sharma, G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ganguly, S. 2014. Biocontrol potential of Steinernema thermophilum and its symbiont Xenorhabdus indica against lepidopteran pests: virulence to egg and larval stages . Journal of Nematology. 46,18-26.
Freezing and Desiccation Tolerance in Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Diversity and Correlation of Traits - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Brown, I., Lewis, E.E. 2014. Freezing and Desiccation Tolerance in Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Diversity and Correlation of Traits. Journal of Nematology. 46,27-34.
Earthworms enhance soil health and may also assist in improving biological insect pest suppression in pecans ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Brown, I. 2014. Earthworms enhance soil health and may also assist in improving biological insect pest suppression in pecans. Pecan Grower. 25(3)26-35.
Identification of a naturally produced antifungal compound with activity against pecan scab ()
Bock, C.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Wedge, D.E., Cantrell, C.L. 2014. Identification of a naturally produced antifungal compound with activity against pecan scab. Pecan Grower. 25:52-60.
Mass production of beneficial organisms - Invertebrates and entomopathogens ()
Morales Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2014. Mass production of beneficial organisms - Invertebrates and entomopathogens. Book Chapter. 1:742pp.
Aggregative group behavior in insect parasitic nematode disperal - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Schliekelman, P., Lewis, E.E. 2014. Aggregative group behavior in insect parasitic nematode disperal. International Journal for Parasitology. 44: 49-54.
Using entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar: Effects of irrigation and species in apple orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Wright, S.E., Tuttle, A.F., Cooley, D.R., Leskey, T.C. 2013. Using entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar: Effects of irrigation and species in apple orchards. Biological Control. 67:123-129.
Identification of the antifungal compound, trans-cinnamic acid, produced by Photorhabdus luminescens, a potential biopesticide against pecan scab - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bock, C.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Wedge, D.E., Cantrell, C.L. 2014. Identification of the antifungal compound, trans-cinnamic acid, produced by Photorhabdus luminescens, a potential biopesticide against pecan scab. Journal of Pest Science. 87(1):155-162.
The potential for controlling Pangaeus bilineatus (Say) (Heteroptera: Cydnidae) using a combination of entomopathogens and an insecticide - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mbata, G.N., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2013. The potential for controlling Pangaeus bilineatus (Say) (Heteroptera: Cydnidae) using a combination of entomopathogens and an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology. 106:2072-2076.
Magnetic and electric fields induce directional response in Steinernema carpocapsae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ilan, T., Kim-Shapiro, D., Bock, C.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2013. Magnetic and electric fields induce directional response in Steinernema carpocapsae. International Journal for Parasitology. 43:781-784.
Biorational pesticides for pecan pests ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Wood, B.W. 2013. Biorational pesticides for pecan pests. Available: http://sepga.com/files/3613/6510/4649/Shapiro-Ilan_SEPGA_2013.pdf.
Controlling pecan weevil with beneficial fungi: the impact of fungal species and fertilizer regimes Reprint Icon ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W.A., Wells, L., Cottrell, T.E., Behle, R.W., Wood, B.W. 2013. Controlling pecan weevil with beneficial fungi: the impact of fungal species and fertilizer regimes. Pecan Grower. 24(4):54-64.
Introduction: Mass production for beneficial organisms ()
Leppla, N., Morales Ramos, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Rojas, M.G. 2014. Introduction. In: Morales-Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Sharpio-Ilan, D.I., editors. Mass Production for Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. London, United Kingdom: Academic Press. p. 3-16. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-391453-8.00001-7
Organic methods for control of insect pests and diseases of pecan and peach ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H. 2013. Organic Methods for Control of Insect Pests and Diseases of Pecan and Peach. eOrganic. http://www.extension.org/pages/66504.
Earthworms as phoretic hosts for Steinernema carpocapsae and Beauveria bassiana: Implications for enhanced biological control - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Brown, I. 2013. Earthworms as phoretic hosts for Steinernema carpocapsae and Beauveria bassiana: Implications for enhanced biological control. Biological Control. 66, 41-48.
Use of nutrient self selection as a diet refining tool in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morales Ramos, J. A., Rojas, M. G., Shapiro Ilan, D. I., Tedders, W. L. 2013. Use of nutrient self selection as a diet refining tool in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research. 48(3):206-221.
Research toward control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides Reprint Icon ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Jackson, M.A., Wood, B.W. 2013. Research Toward Control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides. Pecan Grower. 24(3):30-38.
Production of entomopathogenic nematodes ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Han, R., Xuehong, Q. 2014. Production of entomopathogenic nematodes. Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens. Pp., 321-356.
Control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Jackson, M.A., Wood, B.W. 2013. Control of key pecan insect pests using biorational pesticides. Journal of Economic Entomology. 106:257-266.
Controlling insect pests & diseases in organic pecan and peach production ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bock, C.H. 2012. Controlling insect pests & diseases in organic pecan and peach production. Georgia Organics Incorporated. http://vimeo.com/43396297.
Effects of entomopathogenic fungus species, and impact of fertilizers, on biological control of pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W., Wells, L., Cottrell, T.E., Behle, R.W., Wood, B.W. 2013. Effects of entomopathogenic fungus species, and impact of fertilizers, on biological control of pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environmental Entomology. 42:253-261.
Susceptibility of adult nut curculio to entomopathogenic nematodes in a laboratory study ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hall, M. 2012. Susceptibility of adult nut curculio to entomopathogenic nematodes in a laboratory study. Pecan Grower. 24(2):24-28.
Entomopathogenic nematodes: effects of the soil agroecosystem on biological control potential - (Abstract Only)
Laboratory virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to two ornamental plant pests, Corythucha ciliata (Hemiptera: Tingidae) and Stethobaris nemesis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mizell III, R.F. 2012. Laboratory virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to two ornamental plant pests, Corythucha ciliata (Hemiptera: Tingidae) and Stethobaris nemesis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist. 95:922-927.
Susceptibility of adult nut curculio, Curculio hicoriae (Coleopter: Curculionidae) to entomopathogenic nematodes under laboratory conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hall, M.J. 2012. Susceptibility of adult nut curculio, Curculio hicoriae (Coleopter: Curculionidae) to entomopathogenic nematodes under laboratory conditions. Journal of Entomological Science. 47:375-378.
Entomopathogenic nematode production and application technology ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Han, R., Dolinski, C. 2012. Entomopathogenic nematode production and application technology. Journal of Nematology. 44:206-217.
Using entomopathogenic nematodes for crop insect control ()
Miles, C., Blethen, C., Gauger, R., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Murray, T. 2012. Using entomopathogenic nematodes for crop insect control. Oregon State University Extension Service. http://cru.cahe.wsu.edu/CEPublications/PNW544.pdf
Impact of Adult Weight, Density, and Age on Reproduction of Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morales Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Kay, S., Tedders, W., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2012. Impact of adult weight, density, and age on reproduction of Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of Entomological Science. 47:208-220.
Cumulative impact of a clover cover crop on the persistance and efficancy of Beauveria bassiana in suppressing the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W., Wells, L., Wood, B.W. 2012. Cumulative impact of a clover cover crop on the persistance and efficancy of Beauveria bassiana in suppressing the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environmental Entomology. 41:298-307.
Options for pest and disease control in organic pecan ()
Bock, C.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. Options for pest and disease control in organic pecan. The Pecan Grower. 23:32-46.2012.(Trade Journal).
Virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to plum curculio, Contrachelus nenuphar: Effects of strain, temperature, and soil type - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Leskey, T.C., Wright, S.E. 2011. Virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to plum curculio, Contrachelus nenuphar: Effects of strain, temperature, and soil type. Journal of Nematology. 43:187-195.
Improved control of Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through multi-stage pre-emergence applications of Steinernema carpocapsae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W. 2012. Improved control of Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) through multi-stage pre-emergence applications of Steinernema carpocapsae. Journal of Entomological Science. 47:27-34.
Directional movement of entomopathogenic nematodes in response to electrical fields: Effects of species, magnitude of voltage, and infective juvenile age - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E., Kim-Shapiro, D.B. 2012. Directional movement of entomopathogenic nematodes in response to electrical fields: Effects of species, magnitude of voltage, and infective juvenile age. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 109:34-40.
Optimization of a host diet for in vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Rojas, M.G., Morales Ramos, J.A., Tedders, L.T. 2012. Optimization of a host diet for in vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Nematology. 44:264-273.
Principles of epizootiology and microbial control ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bruck, D.J., Lacey, L.A. 2012. Principles of epizootiology and microbial control. In: Vega, F., Kaya, H.K., editors. Insect Pathology. 2nd edition. San Diego, CA:Elsevier. 29-72.
Application technology for entomopathogenic nematodes - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Claudia, D. 2011. Application technology for entomopathogenic nematodes [abstract]. Journal of Nematology. 43:279-280.
Broad laboratory screening of entomopathogenic nematodes for control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Leskey, T.C., Wright, S.E. 2011. Broad laboratory screening of entomopathogenic nematodes for control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar. Journal of Nematology. 43:279.
The use of entomopathogenic nematodes in the US and issues related to genetic degradation - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2011. The use of entomopathogenic nematodes in the US and issues related to genetic degradation. In: 13th European Meeting in the IOBC/WPRS Working Group, Insect Pathogens and Insect Parasitic Nematodes, June 19-23, 2011, Innsbruck, Austria. 66:29-32.
Beneficial trait stability in entomopathogenic nematodes - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2011. Beneficial trait stability in entomopathogenic nematodes. In: Proceedings of the 13th European Meeting in the IOBC/WPRS Working Group, Insect Pathogens and Insect Parasitic Nematodes, June 19-23, 2011, Innsbruck, Austria. 66:313-316.
Making beneficial fungi resistant to fungicides ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Hotchkiss, M.W., Reilly, C.C. 2011. Making beneficial fungi resistant to fungicides. Pecan Grower. 23(2):16-23.
Self-selection of two diet components by Tennebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) larvae and its impact on fitness - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morales Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Tedders, W.L. 2011. Self-selection of two diet components by Tennebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) larvae and its impact on fitness. Environmental Entomology. 40(50): 1285-1294.
Interactions of a Rhabditis sp. on the virulence of Heterorhabditis and Steinernema in Puerto Rico - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Garcia, J., Jenkins, D.A., Chavarria, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Goenaga, R.J. 2011. Interactions of a Rhabditis sp. on the virulence of Heterorhabditis and Steinernema in Puerto Rico. Florida Entomologist. 94(3):704-705.
Effects of combining microbial and chemical insecticides on mortality of the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Wood, B.W. 2011. Effects of combining microbial and chemical insecticides on mortality of the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Pecan Grower. 22(4):14-22.
Outcrossing and crossbreeding recovers deteriorated traits in laboratory cultured Steinernema carpocapsae nematodes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chaston, J.M., Dillman, A.R., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bilgrami, A., Gaugler, R., Hopper, K.R., Adams, B.J. 2011. Outcrossing and crossbreeding recovers deteriorated traits in laboratory cultured Steinernema carpocapsae nematodes. International Journal for Parasitology. 41:801-809.
Effects of combining microbial and chemical insecticides on mortality of the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Wood, B.W. 2011. Effects of combining microbial and chemical insecticides on mortality of the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 104:14-20.
Comparative impact of artificial selection for fungicide resistance on Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium brunncum - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2011. Comparative impact of artificial selection for fungicide resistance on Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium brunncum. Environmental Entomology. 40:59-65.
Improving formulations for biopesticides: Enhanced ultraviolet protection for beneficial microbes - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Behle, R.W., Compton, D.L., Kenar, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2011. Improving formulations for biopesticides: Enhanced ultraviolet protection for beneficial microbes. Journal of ASTM International. 8(1):137-157.
Laboratory virulence and orchard efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the lesser peachtree borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Horton, D.L., Mizell, R.F. 2011. Laboratory virulence and orchard efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes against the lesser peachtree borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 104:47-53.
Compatibility of beneficial nematodes and parasitic wasps for control of Indianmeal moth, a pest of stored pecans ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mbata, G., Hudson, W. 2010. Compatibility of beneficial nematodes and parasitic wasps for control of Indianmeal moth, a pest of stored pecans. Pecan Grower. 22(2):10-17.
Nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) ()
A novel strain of Steinernema riobrave (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) possesses superior virulence to subterranean termites (Isoptera:Rhinotermitidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Yu, H., Gouge, D.H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2010. A novel strain of Steinernema riobrave (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) possesses superior virulence to subterranean termites (Isoptera:Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Nematology. 42:91-95.
Formulation to Enhance the Insecticidal Activity of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Control of Insect Pests of Orchards - (Proceedings)
Lacey, L.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2010. Formulation to Enhance the Insecticidal Activity of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Control of Insect Pests of Orchards. International Colloquium on Invertebrate Pathology and Microbial Control Proceedings. July 11-14, 2010, Trabzon, Turkey. pp. 20-27.
Compatibility of Heterorhabditis indica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) and Hebrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in biological control of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mbata, G. 2010. Compatibility of Heterorhabditis indica (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) and Hebrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in biological control of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Biological Control. 54:75-82.
Post-Application of Anti-Desiccant Agents Improves Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Formulated Host Cadavers or Aqueous Suspension Against Diapausing Codling Moth Larvae (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lacey, L.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Glenn, G.M. 2010. Post-Application of Anti-Desiccant Agents Improves Efficacy of Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Formulated Host Cadavers or Aqueous Suspension Against Diapausing Codling Moth Larvae (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology. Vol 20:909-921.
Improved biological control of pecan weevil through pre-emergence applications ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2010. Improved biological control of pecan weevil through pre-emergence applications. Pecan Grower. 21(3):18-20.
Effects of a novel entomopathogenic nematode-infected host formulation on cadaver integrity, nematode yield, and suppression of Diaprepes abbreviatus and Aethina tumida under controlled conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Morales Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Tedders, W.L. 2010. Effects of a novel entomopathogenic nematode-infected host formulation on cadaver integrity, nematode yield, and suppression of Diaprepes abbreviatus and Aethina tumida under controlled conditions. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 103:103-108.
Efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae for control of the lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes: Improved aboveground suppression with a novel gel application - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizzell III, R.F., Horton, D.L., Behle, R.W., Dunlap, C.A. 2010. Efficacy of Steinernema carpocapsae for control of the lesser peachtree borer, Synanthedon pictipes: Improved above ground suppression with a novel gel application. Biological Control. 54:23-28.
Microbial control of the pecan weevil - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W. 2010. Microbial control of the pecan weevil. In: Proceedings of the 6th National Meetings of Pecan Scientists, May 26-29, 2010, Ardmore, Oklahoma. p. 26-35.
Integrating biological control into pecan weevil management: a sustainable approach ()
Hudson, W.G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W.A., Cottrell, T.E., Behle, R.W. 2010. Integrating biological control into pecan weevil management: a sustainable approach. Extension Fact Sheets. www.sare.org/publications/factsheet.
Developmental plasticity in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): Analysis of Instar Variation in Number and Development Time under Different Diets - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Morales Ramos, J.A., Rojas, M.G., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Tedders, W.L. 2009. Developmental plasticity in Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae): Analysis of Instar Variation in Number and Development Time under Different Diets. J. Entomol. Sci. 45(2):75-90.
Improving Formulations for Biopesticides: Enhanced UV Protection for Beneficial Microbes - (Abstract Only)
Behle, R.W., Compton, D.L., Kenar, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2009. Improving Formulations for Biopesticides: Enhanced UV Protection for Beneficial Microbes. ASTM. p. 13.
Characterization of biocontrol traits in the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis georgiana (Kesah strain), and phylogenetic analysis of the nematode's symbiotic bacteria. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mbata, G.N., Nguyen, K.B. 2009. Characterization of biocontrol traits in the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis georgiana (Kesah strain), and phylogenetic analysis of the nematode's symbiotic bacteria. Biological Control. 51:377-387.
Field persistence of EPNS and its importance for success in biocontrol - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2009. Field persistence of EPNS and its importance for success in biocontrol [abstract]. 2nd International Congress of Tropical Nematology, October 4-9, 2009, Maceio, Brazil. Available: http://www.ifns.org/membership/sbn.html.
Directional movement of entomopathogenic nematodes in response to electrical current - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E., Kim-Shapiro, D.B. 2009. Directional movement of entomopathogenic nematodes in response to electrical current [abstract]. 42nd Annual Meeting of Society for Invertebrate Pathology, August 16-21, 2009, Park City, Utah. Available: http//www.sipweb.org/pastmeetingsip.cfm
A comparison of application methods for suppressing the pecan weevil using beneficial fungi ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W.A., Cottrell, T.E., Behle, R.W., Hudson, W.G., Wood, B.W. 2009. A comparison of application methods for suppressing the pecan weevil using beneficial fungi. Pecan Grower. 21(1):20-24.
Evaluation of Soyscreen in an Oil-based Formulation for UV Protection of Beauveria bassiana Conidia - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Behle, R.W., Compton, D.L., Laszlo, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2009. Evaluation of soyscreen in an oil-based formulation for UV protection of Beauveria bassiana Conidia. Journal of Economic Entomology. 102(5):1759-1766.
Transcriptional profiling of trait deterioration in the insect pathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Adhikari, B.N., Lin, C., Bai, X., Ciche, T.A., Grewal, P.S., Dillman, A.R., Chaston, J.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Bilgrami, A.L., Gaugler, R. 2009. Transcriptional profiling of trait deterioration in the insect pathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Biomed Central (BMC) Genomics. 10:609.
Efficacy of entomopathogenic fungi in suppressing pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in commercial pecan orchards - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W.A., Behle, R.W., Ree, B., Harris, M. 2009. Efficacy of entomopathogenic fungi in suppressing pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in commercial pecan orchards. Southwestern Entomologist. 34:111-120.
Alternative pest control research - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2009. Alternative pest control research. In: Proceedings of the Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting. January 12-14, 2009, Savannah, Georgia. 102:50-61.
Laboratory mortality and mycosis of adult Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) following application of Metarhizium anisopliae in the laboratory and field - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W.A., Leland, J., Behle, R.W. 2009. Mortality and mycosis of adult Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) following application of Metarhizium anisopliae: laboratory and field trials. Journal of Entomological Science. 44:24-36.
The ability of insect-killing fungi to kill pecan aphids under laboratory conditions ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Jackson, M.A., Wood, B.W. 2009. The ability of insect-killing fungi to kill pecan aphids under laboratory conditions. Pecan Grower. 20(3):18-21.
Directional movement of parasitic nematodes in response to electrical current - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E., Elkon, J.M., Kim-Shapiro, D.B. 2009. Directional movement of parasitic nematodes in response to electrical current. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 100:134-137.
A novel approach to biological control with entomopathogenic nematodes: Prophylactic control of the peachtree borer, Synanthedon exitiosa - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell III, R.F., Horton, D.L., Davis, J. 2009. A novel approach to biological control with entomopathogenic nematodes: Prophylactic control of the peachtree borer, Synanthedon exitiosa. Biological Control. 48:259-263.
Microbial control of insect pests in temperate orchard systems: status and future prospects - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lacey, L.A. 2008. Microbial control of insect pests in temperate orchard systems: status and future prospects [abstract]. 41st Meeting of Society for Invertebrate Pathology, August 3-7, 2008, Warwick, UK. p. 92. Available: http://www.sipweb.org/Meeting_Abstracts/2008abstracts.pdf.
Stability issues: maintenance of beneficial traits in entomopathogenic nematodes - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R., Adams, B. 2008. Stability issues: maintenance of beneficial traits in entomopathogenic nematodes [abstract]. 5th International Congress of Nematology, July 13-18, 2008, Brisbane, Australia. p. 167. Available: http://www.ifns.org/pdf/ABSTRACTS_for_51CN_2008.pdf.
Status and future for incorporation of entomopathogenic nematodes in temperate orchard IPM systems - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lacey, L.A. 2008. Status and future for incorporation of entomopathogenic nematodes in temperate orchard IPM systems [abstract]. 5th International Congress of Nematology, July 13-18, 2008, Brisbane, Australia. p. 26. Available: http://www.ifns.org/pdf/ABSTRACTS_for_51CN_2008.pdf.
Suppressive effects of metabolites from Photorhabdus spp. and Xenorhabdus spp. on phytopathogens of peach and pecan - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2008. Suppressive effects of metabolites from Photorhabdus spp. and Xenorhabdus spp. on phytopathogens of peach and pecan [abstract]. 41st Annual Meeting of Society for Invertebrate Pathology, August 3-7, 2008, Warwick, UK. p. 35. Available: http://www.sipweb.org/Meeting_Abstracts/2008abstracts.pdf.
Virulence of Hypocreales fungi to pecan aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the laboratory. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Jackson, M.A., Wood, B.W. 2008. Virulence of Hypocreales fungi to pecan aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in the laboratory. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 99:312-317.
State-space based mass event-history model I: many decision-making agents with one target - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fushing, H., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E. 2008. State-space based mass event-history model I: many decision-making agents with one target. Annals of Applied Statistics. 2:1503-1522.
Using good nematodes to kill bad nematodes: Applications of entomopathogenic nematodes for control of the pecan root-knot nematode ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Nyczepir, A.P. 2008. Using good nematodes to kill bad nematodes: Applications of entomopathogenic nematodes for control of the pecan root-knot nematode. Pecan Grower. 20(1):36-39.
Role of symbiotic and non-symbiotic bacteria in carbon dioxide production from hosts infected with Steinermena riobrave - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Christen, J.M., Campbell, J.F., Zurek, L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E., Ramaswamy, S.B. 2008. Role of symbiotic and non-symbiotic bacteria in carbon dioxide production from hosts infected with Steinermena riobrave. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 99(1): 35-42. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2008.05.008.
Effects of host nutrition on virulence and fitness of entomopathogenic nematodes: lipid and protein based supplements in Tenebrio molitor diets - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Rojas, M.G., Morales Ramos, J.A., Lewis, E.E., Tedders, W.L. 2008. Effects of host nutrition on virulence and fitness of entomopathogenic nematodes: lipid and protein based supplements in Tenebrio molitor diets. Journal of Nematology. 40:13-19.
Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes versus Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae) larvae in a high clay-content Oxisol soil: Greenhouse trials with potted Litchi chinensis - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jenkins, D.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Goenaga, R.J. 2008. Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes versus Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae) larvae in a high clay-content Oxisol soil: Greenhouse trials with potted Litchi chinensis. Florida Entomologist. 91:75-78.
Susceptibility of endemic and exotic North American lady birds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to endemic fungal entomopathogens - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2008. Susceptibility of endemic and exotic North American lady birds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to endemic fungal entomopathogens. European Journal of Entomology. 105(3): 455-460.
The slithering bullet: beneficial nematodes for suppression of peach insect pests - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R.F., Horton, D.L. 2008. The slithering bullet: beneficial nematodes for suppression of peach insect pests. In: Proceedings of Southeastern Peach Convention, January 11-13, 2008, Savannah, Georgia. p. 16-18.
Comparison of application methods for suppressing the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) with Beauveria bassiana under field conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W.A., Cottrell, T.E., Behle, R.W., Wood, B.W. 2008. A comparison of application methods for suppressing the pecan weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) with Beauveria bassiana under field conditions. Environmental Entomology. 37:162-171.
Heterorhabditis georgiana n. sp. (Rhabditia: Heterorhabditidae) from Georgia, USA - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nguyen, K.B., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mbata, G.N. 2008. Heterorhabditis georgiana n. sp. (Rhabditia: Heterorhabditidae) from Georgia, USA. Nematology. 10:433-448.
Testing the potential to suppress pecan disease using byproducts from bacteria ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2008. Testing the potential to suppress pecan disease using byproducts from bacteria. Pecan Grower. 19(3):20-25.
Naturally-occurring pathogens and invasive insects ()
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2008. Naturally-occurring pathogens and invasive insects. In: Hajek, A.E., et al., editors. Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods. New York, NY:Springer. p. 19-32.
Influence of symbiotic bacteria on entomopathogenic nematode--host interactions - (Abstract Only)
Campbell, J.F., Christen, J.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2007. Influence of symbiotic bacteria on entomopathogenic nematode--host interactions (abstract). National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA., December 7-12, 2007.
Group dynamics of entomopathogenic nematodes: What we can learn from the slithering herd? - (Abstract Only)
Lewis, E.E., Heish, F., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stevens, G., Campbell, J.F. 2007. Group dynamics of entomopathogenic nematodes: What we can learn from the slithering herd? (abstract). National Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, December 7-12, 2007.
Mechanized Packing and Delivery System for Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Infected Mealworm Cadavers ()
Morales Ramos, J.A., Tedders, W.L., Dean, C.B., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Rojas, M.G. 2007. Mechanized Packing and Delivery System for Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Infected Mealworm Cadavers. Software and User Manual Public Release.
Control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar with entomopathogenic nematodes: effects of application timing, alternate host plant, and nematode strain - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mizell, R.F., Cottrell, T.E., Horton, D.L. 2007. Control of plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar with entomopathogenic nematodes: effects of application timing, alternate host plant, and nematode strain. Biological Control. 44:207-215.
Microscopic evaluation of the fate of Conidia of two entomogenous fungi in soil - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Scocco, E.A., Gardner, W.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2007. Microscopic evaluation of the fate of Conidia of two entomogenous fungi in soil. Journal of Entomological Science. 42:413-414.
Microbial Control of Insect Pests in Temperate Orchard Systems: Potential for Incorporation into IPM ()
Lacey, L.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2007. Microbial Control of Insect Pests in Temperate Orchard Systems: Potential for Incorporation into IPM. Annual Review Of Entomology 53:121-144.
Entomopathogenic nematodes and insect management ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Grewal, P. 2008. Entomopathogenic nematodes and insect management. In: Capinera, J.L., editor. Encyclopedia of Entomology. 2nd edition. Dordrecht:Springer. p. 1336-1340.
Soil moisture and strain effects on entomopathogenic nematode suppression of the pecan weevil ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Brown, I., Gardner, W.A., Hubbard, R.K., Wood, B.W. 2007. Soil moisture and strain effects on entomopathogenic nematode suppression of the pecan weevil. Pecan Grower 19(1):32-38.
VIRULENCE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AGAINST DIAPREPES ABBREVIATUS IN AN OXISOL - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jenkins, D.A., Shapiro Ilan, D., Goenaga, R. 2007. Virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes against Diaprepes abbreviatus in an oxisol. Florida Entomologist. 90(2):401-403
Trait Modification in Entomopathogenic Nematodes - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R., Adams, B., Hopper, K.R. 2007. Trait Modification in Entomopathogenic Nematodes. Society of Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting, August 12-16, 2007, Quebec City, Canada. p. 71-72. Available: http://www.sipweb.org/Meeting_Abstracts/2007abstracts.pdf.
Microbial Control of Plum Curculio and Peachtree Borers - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Mizell, R., Horton, D. 2007. Microbial Control of Plum Curculio and Peachtree Borers. Society for Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting, August 12-16, 2007, Quebec City, Canada. p. 75. Available: http://www.sipweb.org/Meeting_Abstracts/2007abstracts.pdf.
Differential susceptibility of lady beetles to Beauveria bassiana - (Abstract Only)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2007. Differential susceptibility of lady beetles to Beauveria bassiana [abstract). In: Abstracts of Ecology of Aphidophaga Conference, September 4-11, 2007, Athens, Greece. p. O37.
Suppressive effects of metabolites from Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus spp. on phytopathogens of peach and pecan - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2009. Suppressive effects of metabolites from Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus spp. on phytopathogens of peach and pecan. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 42:715-728.
Entomopathogenic nematodes and bacteria applications for control of the pecan root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne partityla, in the greenhouse - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Nyczepir, A.P., Lewis, E.E. 2006. Entomopathogenic nematodes and bacteria applications for control of the pecan root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne partityla, in the greenhouse. Journal of Nematology. 38:449-454.
Alternative Management Strategy for Peachtree Borer and Lesser Peachtree Borer - (Proceedings)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2007. Alternative Management Strategy for Peachtree Borer and Lesser Peachtree Borer. In: Proceedings of the Southeastern Peach Convention. Southeastern Peach Convention, January 5-7, 2007, Savannah, Georgia. p. 39-40.
Effect of soil moisture and a surfactant on entomopathogenic nematode suppression of the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Brown, I., Gardner, W.A., Hubbard, R.K., Wood, B.W. 2006. Effect of soil moisture and a surfactant on entomopathogenic nematode suppression of the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae. Journal of Nematology. 38:474-482.
RESPONSES OF THE ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE, STEINERNEMA RIOBRAVE, TO ITS INSECT HOSTS, GALLERIA MELLONELLA AND TENEBRIO MOLITOR - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Christen, J.M., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ramaswamy, S.B. 2007. Responses of the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema riobrave, to its insect hosts, Galleria mellonella and Tenebrio molitor. Parasitology 134:889-898.
Longevity of insect-killing nematodes in soil from a pecan orchard ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R.J., Mccoy, C.W. 2007. Longevity of insect-killing nematodes in soil from a pecan orchard. Pecan Grower. 18(3):14-16.
Microbial control of insect pests of stone fruit and nut crops ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lacey, L.A., Siegel, J.P. 2007. Microbial control of insect pests of stone fruit and nut crops. In: Lacey, L., Kaya, H.K., editors. Field Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology. Vol. II. Dordrecht: Springer. p. 547-566.
Application and evaluation of entomopathogens for citrus pest control ()
Mccoy, C.W., Stuart, R.J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Duncan, L.W. 2007. Application and evaluation of entomopathogens for citrus pest control. In: Lacey, L., Kaya, H.K., editors. Field Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology. Vol II. Dordrecht: Springer. p. 567-582.
ATTRACTION BEHAVIOR OF THREE ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE SPECIES TOWARDS INFECTED AND UNINFECTED HOSTS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramos-Rodriguez, O., Campbell, J.F., Christen, J.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E., Ramaswamy, S.B. 2007. Attraction behavior of three entomopathogenic nematode species towards infected and uninfected hosts. Parasitology 134: 729-738.
DYNAMICS OF CARBON DIOXIDE RELEASE FROM INSECTS INFECTED WITH ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Ramos-Rodriguez, O., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Ramaswamy, S.B. 2007. Dynamics of carbon dioxide release from insects infected with entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 94: 64-69.
INVERTEBRATE PREDATORS AND PARASITOIDS OF PLUM CURCULIO, CONOTRACHELUS NENUPHAR (HERBST)(COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) IN GEORGIA AND FLORIDA - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jenkins, D.A., Russ, M. Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Horton, D. 2006. Invertebrate predators and parasitoids of plum curculio, conotrachelus nenuphar (herbst) (coleoptera: curculionidae) in Georgia and Florida. Florida Entomologist. Volume 89(4):435-440.
Stability of entomopathogenic bacteria, Xenorhabdus nematophila and Photorhabdus luminescens, during in vitro culture - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wang, Y., Bilgrami, A.L., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R. 2007. Stability of entomopathogenic bacteria, Xenorhabdus nematophila and Photorhabdus luminescens, during in vitro culture. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 34:73-81.
ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE INFECTIVITY ENHANCEMENT USING PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL STRESSORS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Brown, I.M., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R.R. 2006. Entomopathogenic nematode infectivity enhancement using physical and chemical stressors. Biological Control. 39:147-153.
An Abridged Glossary of Terms Used in Invertebrate Pathology, 3rd Edition ()
Onstad, D.W., Fuxa, J.R., Humber, R.A., Oestergaard, J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gouli, V.V., Anderson, R.S., Andreadis, T.S., Lacey, L.A. 2006. An Abridged Glossary of Terms Used in Invertebrate Pathology, 3rd Edition. Society of Invertebrate Pathology. Available: http://www.sipweb.org/glossary.
SOURCE OF TRAIT DETERIORATION IN ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES HETERORHABDITIS BACTERIOPHORA AND STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE DURING IN VIVO CULTURE - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bilgrami, A.L., Gaugler, R., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Adams, B. 2006. Source of trait deterioration in entomopathogenic nematodes heterorhabditis bacteriophora and steinernema carpocapsae during in vivo culture. Nematology. 8:397-409
CONTROL OF PESTS IN PECAN AND PEACH USING ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES: CHALLENGES AND SUCCESSES - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E. 2006. Control of pests in pecan and peach using entomopathogenic nematodes: challenges and successes [abstract]. Journal of Nematology. 38:292.
ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND INSECTS: DIRECT AND ACTIVE INFECTION - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E. 2006. Entomopathogenic nematodes and insects: direct and active infection [abstract]. Journal of Nematology. 38:292.
Effect of Steinernema glaseri-infected host exudates on movement of conspecific infective juveniles - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Kunkel, B.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Campbell, J.F., Lewis, E.E. 2006. Effect of Steinernema glaseri-infected host exudates on movement of conspecific infective juveniles. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 93:42-49.
POTENTIAL USE OF SOYSCREEN IN FORMULATIONS OF BEAUVERIA BASSIANA FOR UV PROTECTION - (Abstract Only)
Behle, R.W., Compton, D.L., Laszlo, J.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2006. Potential use of SoyScreen in formulations of Beauveria bassiana for UV protection. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting North Central Branch. Paper No. D-215.
ALTERNATIVE PEST CONTROL TACTICS IN PECAN - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W., Behle, R.W., Nyczepir, A.P., Wood, B.W. 2006. Alternative pest control tactics in pecan. Proceedings of the Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting. 99:86-94.
Susceptibility of the peachtree borer, Synanthedon Exitiosa, to Steinernema carpocapsae and Steinernema riobrave in laboratory and field trials - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2006. Susceptibility of the peachtree borer, Synanthedon Exitiosa, to Steinernema carpocapsae and Steinernema riobrave in laboratory and field trials. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 92:85-88.
Management strategies for borers - (Proceedings)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2006. Management strategies for borers. In: Proceedings of the Southeastern Peach Convention, January 5-8, 2006, Savannah, Georgia. p. 17.
Susceptibility of the lesser peachtree borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) to entomopathogenic nematodes under laboratory conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E. 2006. Susceptibility of the lesser peachtree borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) to entomopathogenic nematodes under laboratory conditions. Environmental Entomology. 35:358-365.
Taxonomic and biological characterization of Steinernema rarum found in the Southeastern United States - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nguyen, K.B., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Fuxa, J.R., Wood, B.W., Bertolotti, M.A., Adams, B.J. 2006. Taxonomic and biological characterization of Steinernema rarum found in the Southeastern United States. Journal of Nematology. 38:28-40.
A COMPARISON OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE LONGEVITY IN SOIL UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R.J., Mccoy, C.W. 2006. A comparison of entomopathogenic nematode longevity in soil under laboratory conditions. Journal of Nematology. 38:119-129.
PROTEIN CHANGES IN THE SYMBIOTIC BACTERIUM PHOTORHABDUS LUMINESCENS DURING IN VITRO SERIAL CULTURE - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bai, C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Wang, Y., Gaugler, R., Crowles, E.A., Yi, S. 2005. Protein changes in the symbiotic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens during in vitro serial culture. International Journal of Nematology. 15:126-135.
Application technology and environmental considerations for use of entomopathogenic nematodes in biologican control. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gouge, D.H., Piggott, S.J., Patterson Fife, J. 2006. Application technology and environmental considerations for use of entomopathogenic nematodes in biological control. Biological Control. 38:124-133.
EVALUATION OF APPLICATION TECHNOLOGIES OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES FOR CONTROL OF THE BLACK VINE WEEVIL, OTIORHYNCHUS SULCATUS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bruck, D.J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2005. Evaluation of application technologies of entomopathogenic nematodes for control of the black vine weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus. Journal of Economic Entomology. 98(6):1884-1889.
TO WHAT EXTENT CAN BENEFICIAL INSECT-KILLING NEMATODES REPRODUCE IN PECAN WEEVILS? ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Dutcher, J.D. 2005. To what extent can beneficial insect-killing nematodes reproduce in pecan weevils?. Pecan Grower. 17(1):15-18.
TARGETED IMPROVEMENT OF STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE FOR CONTROL OF THE PECAN WEEVIL, CURCULIO CARYAE (HORN) (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) THROUGH HYBRIDIZATION AND BACTERIAL TRANSFER - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R.J., Mccoy, C.W. 2005. Targeted improvement of steinernema carpocapsae for control of the pecan weevil, curculio caryae (horn) (coleoptera: curculionidae) through hybridization and bacterial transfer. Biological Control. 34:215-221.
FORMULATIONS AND METHODS FOR ENHANCING POST-APPLICATION SURVIVAL - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2006. Formulations and methods for enhancing post-application survival [abstract]. In: Program and Abstracts. 38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Invertebrate Pathology, July 7-11, 2006, Anchorage, Alaska. p. 96.
IMPROVED STRAINS OF STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE FOR CONTROL OF THE PECAN WEEVIL, CURCULIO CARYAE - (Abstract Only)
SUSCEPTIBILITY OF LADY BEETLES (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) TO ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E. 2005. Susceptibility of lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to entomopathogenic nematodes. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 89:150-156.
CRITICAL ISSUES AND RESEARCH NEEDS FOR EXPANDING THE USE OF NEMATODES IN BIOCONTROL ()
Grewal, P.S., Ehlers, R., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2005. Critical issues and research needs for expanding the use of nematodes in biocontrol. In Grewal, P., Ehlers, R-U, Shapiro-Ilan, D. (eds.) Nematodes as Biological Control Agents. p. 479-489. CABI Publishing.
LABORATORY EVALUATION OF VIRULENCE OF HETERORHABDITID NEMATODES TO PLODIA INTERPUNCTELLA HUBNER (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mbata, G.N., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2005. Laboratory evaluation of virulence of heterorhabditid nematodes to plodia interpunctella hubner (Lepidoptera: pyralidae). Environmental Entomology. 34:676-682.
BIOLOGICALLY-BASED INSECTICIDES FOR PECAN PEST MANAGEMENT - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W.A., Wood, B.W. 2005. Biologically-based insecticides for pecan pest management. Western Pecan Growers Association Proceedings. 39:4-12.
RECYCLING POTENTIAL AND FITNESS IN STEINERNEMATID NEMATODES CULTURED IN CURCULIO CARYAE - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Dutcher, J.D., Hatab, M. 2005. Recycling potential and fitness in steinernematid nematodes cultured in curculio caryae. Journal of Nematology. 37:12-17.
DEFINITIONS OF PATHOGENICITY AND VIRULENCE IN INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Fuxa, J.R., Lacey, L.A., Onstad, D.W., Kaya, H.K. 2005. Definitions of pathogenicity and virulence in invertebrate pathology. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 88:1-7.
STABILIZATION OF BENEFICIAL TRAITS IN HETERORHABDITIS BACTERIOPHORA THROUGH CREATION OF INBRED LINES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bai, C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R., Hopper, K.R. Stabilization of beneficial traits in heterorhabditis bacteriophora through creation of inbred lines. Biological Control. 2005. 32:220-227.
EFFECT OF APPLICATION METHOD ON FITNESS OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES EMERGING AT DIFFERENT TIMES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Perez, E.E., Lewis, E.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2004. Effect of application method on fitness of entomopathogenic nematodes emerging at different times. Journal of Nematology. 36:534-539.
CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOCONTROL TRAITS IN THE ENTOMOPAHOGENIC NEMATODE HETERORHABDITIS MEXICANA (MX4) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R.J., Mccoy, C.W. 2005. Characterization of biological control traits in the entomopahogenic nematode Heterorhabditis mexicana (MX4). Biological Control. 32:97-103.
POTENTIAL FOR APPLICATION OF INFECTED HOSTS IN MICROBIAL CONTROL - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2004. Potential for application of infected hosts in microbial control. Society for Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting Proceedings. p.48.
GENETIC IMPROVEMENT FOR PREVENTION OF BENEFICIAL TRAIT DETERIORATION IN HETERORHABDITIS BACTERIOPHORA THROUGH CREATION OF INBRED LINES - (Abstract Only)
Bai, C., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R., Hopper, K.R. 2004. Genetic improvement for prevention of beneficial trait deterioration in heterorhabditis bacteriophora through creation of inbred lines. Society for Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting Proceedings. p.104.
IN VIVO PRODUCTION OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro-Ilan, D.I. 2004. In vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes. International Journal Nematology. 14(13-18).
PICKING THE BEST NEMATODE FOR CONTROLLING THE PECAN WEEVIL ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R., Mccoy, C.W. 2004. Picking the best nematode for controlling the pecan weevil. Pecan Grower. 15(4):11-15.
ORCHARD CROPS ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Duncan, L.W., Lacey, L.A., Han, R. 2005. In Grewal, P., Ehlers, R-U, Shapiro-Ilan, D. (eds.) Orchard crops. Nematodes as Biological Control Agents. p. 215-230. CABI Publishing.
MIXING INSECT DISEASES TO KILL PECAN WEEVILS ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Jackson, M.A., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2004. Mixing insect diseases to kill pecan weevils. Pecan Grower. 15(3):10-13.
EFFECT OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE CONCENTRATION ON SURVIVAL DURING CRYOPRESERVATION IN LIQUID NITROGEN - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Bai, Cheng, Shapiro-Ilan, David, Gaugler, Randy, Yi, Shu-xia. 2004. Effect of entomopathogenic nematode concentration on survival during cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen. Journal of Nematology. 36:281-284.
MASS PRODUCTION OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES ()
Ehlers, R-U., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2005. Mass production of entomopathogenic nematodes. In Grewal, P., Ehlers, R-U., Shapiro-Ilan, D. (eds.) Nematodes as Biological Control Agents. p. 65-79. CABI Publishing.
EFFECT OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES ON MESOCRICONEMA XENOPLAX POPULATIONS IN PEACH AND PECAN - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nyczepir, A.P., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E., Handoo, Z.A. 2004. Effect of entomopathogenic nematodes on mesocriconema xenoplax populations in peach and pecan. Journal of Nematology. 36:181-185.
HETERORHABDITIS MEXICANA N. SP. (HETERORHABDITIDAE: RHABDITIDA) FROM TAMAULIPAS, MEXICO, AND MORPHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE BURSA OF HETERORHABDITIS SPP. - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nguyen, K.B., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R.J., James, R.R., Adams, B.J. 2004. Heterorhabditis mexicana n. sp. (heterorhabditidae: rhabditida) from tamaulipas, mexico, and morphological studies of the bursa of heterorhabditis spp. Nematology. 6:231-244.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE USE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES FOR SUPPRESSING RING NEMATODE, MESOCRICONEMA XENOPLAX, ON PEACH AND PECAN - (Proceedings)
Nyczepir, A.P., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2004. Observations on the use of entomopathogenic nematodes for suppressing ring nematode, mesocriconema xenoplax, on peach and pecan. National and Southeast Peach Convention Proceedings. p.21.
MEASURING FIELD EFFICACY OF STEINERNEMA FELTIAE AND STEINERNEMA RIOBRAVE FOR SUPPRESSION OF PLUM CURCULIO, CONOTRACHELUS NENUPHAR, LARVAE - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mizell, R.F., Cottrell, T.E., Horton, D.L. 2004. Measuring field efficacy of steinernema feltiae and steinernema riobrave for suppression of plum curculio, conotrachelus nenuphar, larvae. Biological Control. 30:496-503.
MICROBIAL CONTROL OF INSECT AND MITE PESTS IN ORCHARDS: TOOLS FOR INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ()
Lacey, L.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2006. Microbial control of insect and mite pests in orchards: Tools for integrated pest management and sustainable agriculture. In: R. Dris (Ed.), "Crops: Quality, Growth and Biotechnology", pp. 1-24. WFL Publisher, Helsinki, Finland.
Virulence of new and mixed strains of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema riobrave to larvae of the citrus root weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Stuart, R.J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., James, R.R., Nguyen, K.B., Mccoy, C.W. 2004. Virulence of new and mixed strains of the entomopathogenic nematode steinernema riobrave to larvae of the citrus root weevil diaprepes abbreviatus. Biological Control. v.30. p.439-445.
TRUNK PERIMETER APPLICATIONS OF BEAUVERIA BASSIANA TO SUPPRESS ADULT CURCULIO CARYAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W.A. 2004. Trunk perimeter applications of beauveria bassiana to suppress adult curculio caryae (coleoptera: curculionidae). Journal of Entomological Sciences. 39:337-349.
NEW STRAINS OF THE ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE, STEINERNEMA RIOBRAVE: ARE THEY BETTER FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF THE CITRUS ROOT WEEVIL, DIAPREPES ABBREVIATUS? - (Proceedings)
Stuart, R.J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Mccoy, C.W. 2003. New strains of the entomopathogenic nematode, steinernema riobrave: are they better for biological control of the citrus root weevil, diaprepes abbreviatus?. Society for Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting Proceedings. p.61.
EFFECTS OF COMBINING AN ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGI OR BACTERIUM WITH ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES ON MORTALITY OF CURCULIO CARYAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Jackson, M.A., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W. 2004. Effects of combining an entomopathogenic fungi or bacterium with entomopathogenic nematodes on mortality of curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Biological Control. 30:119-126.
SUSCEPTIBILITY OF A NATIVE AND AN EXOTIC LADY BEETLE (COLEOPTERA: (COCCINELLIDAE) TO BEAUVERIA BASSIANA - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2003. Susceptibility of a native and an exotic lady beetle (Coleoptera: (Coccinellidae) to Beauveria bassiana. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 84:137-144.
USE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES FOR SUPPRESSING RING NEMATODE ON PEACH AND PECAN - (Proceedings)
Nyczepir, A.P., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E. 2003. Use of entomopathogenic nematodes for suppressing ring nematode on peach and pecan. Proceedings of International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives. p.119, 1-2.
THE POTENTIAL ROLE FOR MICROBIAL CONTROL OF ORCHARD INSECT PESTS IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Lacey, L.A., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2003. The potential role for microbial control of orchard insect pests in sustainable agriculture. International Journal of Food, Agriculture, and the Environment. 1:326-331.
A COMPARISON OF BENEFICIAL TRAITS AMONG STRAINS OF STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R., Mccoy, C.W. 2003. A comparison of beneficial traits among strains of steinernema carpocapsae. Journal of Nematology. v.35:Abstract p.363.
SUPERIOR EFFICACY OBSERVED IN ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES APPLIED IN INFECTED-HOST CADAVERS COMPARED WITH APPLICATION IN AQUEOUS SUSPENSION - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E., Tedders, W.L., Son, Y. 2003. Superior efficacy observed in entomopathogenic nematodes applied in infected-host cadavers compared with application in aqueous suspension. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 83:270-272.
ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE PRODUCTION - (Abstract Only)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2003. Entomopathogenic nematode production. Society for Invertebrate Pathology Annual Meeting. p.37. Abstract.
IMPACT OF AN ENDEMIC ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGUS ON LADY BEETLES IN PECAN ORCHARDS - (Proceedings)
Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2003. Impact of an endemic entomopathogenic fungus on lady beetles in pecan orchards. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. v. 96:53-60.
THE BENEFICIAL INSECT-KILLING FUNGUS, BEAUVERIA BASSIANA, CAN OVERCOME EFFECTS OF FUNGICIDE SPRAYS ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2003. The beneficial insect-killing fungus, beauveria bassiana, can overcome effects of fungicide sprays. Pecan Grower. 14(4):24-27.
ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2004. Entomopathogenic nematodes. Encyclopedia of Entomology. p.781-784.
UPDATE ON RESEARCH TOWARD MICROBIAL CONTROL OF THE PECAN WEEVIL - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Cottrell, T.E., Gardner, W., Reilly, C.C., Hotchkiss, M.W., Wood, B.W. 2003. Update on research toward microbial control of the pecan weevil. Southeastern Pecan Growers Meeting Proceedings. 96:103-108
COMPARISON OF BENEFICIAL TRAITS AMONG STRAINS OF THE ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE, STEINERNEMA CARPOCAPSAE, FOR CONTROL OF CURCULIO CARYAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Stuart, R., Mccoy, C.W. 2003. Comparison of beneficial traits among strains of the entomopathogenic nematode, steinernema carpocapsae, for control of curculio caryae (coleoptera: curculionidae). Biological Control. 28:129-136.
IMPACT OF HOST CADAVER ON SURVIVAL AND INFECTIVITY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES (RHABDITIDA: STEINERNEMATIDAE AND HETERORHABDITIDAE) UNDER DESICCATING CONDITIONS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
PEREZ, E.E., LEWIS, E.E., SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I. IMPACT OF HOST CADAVER ON SURVIVAL AND INFECTIVITY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES (RHABDITIDA: STEINERNEMATIDAE AND HETERORHABDITIDAE) UNDER DESICCATING CONDITIONS. JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY. 2003. v.82. p.111-118.
THE POTENTIAL FOR ENHANCED FUNGICIDE RESISTANCE IN BEAUVERIA BASSIANA THROUGH STRAIN DISCOVERY AND ARTIFICIAL SELECTION - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I., REILLY, C.C., HOTCHKISS, M.W., WOOD, B.W. THE POTENTIAL FOR ENHANCED FUNGICIDE RESISTANCE IN BEAUVERIA BASSIANA THROUGH STRAIN DISCOVERY AND ARTIFICIAL SELECTION. JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY. 2002. v.81. p.86-93.
SURVEY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND FUNGI ENDEMIC TO PECAN ORCHARDS OFTHE SOUTHEASTERN US AND THEIR VIRULENCE TO THE PECAN WEEVIL (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I., GARDNER, W.A., FUXA, J.R., WOOD, B.W., NGUYEN, K.B., ADAMS, B.J., HUMBER, R.A., HALL, M.J. SURVEY OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND FUNGI ENDEMIC TO PECAN ORCHARDS OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US AND THEIR VIRULENCE TO THE PECAN WEEVIL (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE). ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY. 2003. v.34. p.187-195.
HOST CADAVERS PROTECT ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES DURING FREEZING - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEWIS, E.E., SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I. HOST CADAVERS PROTECT ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES DURING FREEZING. JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY. 2003. v.81. p.25-32.
DEVELOPMENT OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AS A MANAGEMENT TACTIC FOR CITRUS ROOT WEEVILS IN FLORIDA - (Proceedings)
Mccoy, C.W., Duncan, L.W., Stuart, R.J., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2002. Development of entomopathogenic nematodes as a management tactic for citrus root weevils in florida. Invertebrate Pathology International Colloquium Proceedings.
OPTIMIZATION OF INOCULATION FOR IN VIVO PRODUCTION OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I., BROWN, I., TEDDERS, L.W., GAUGLER, R. OPTIMIZATION OF INOCULATION FOR IN VIVO PRODUCTION OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES. Journal of Nematology. 2002. v.34. p.343-350.
MICROBIAL CONTROL OF THE PECAN WEEVIL, CURCULIO CARYAE, (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2003. Microbial control of the pecan weevil, curculio caryae, (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Southwestern Entomologist Supplement. p.100-114.
SUSCEPTIBILITY OF THE PLUM CURCULIO, CONOTRACHELUS NENUPHAR, TO ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I., MIZELL, R.F., CAMPBELL, J.F. SUSCEPTIBILITY OF THE PLUM CURCULIO, CONOTRACHELUS NENUPHAR, TO ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES. JOURNAL OF NEMATOLOGY. 2002. v.34. p.246-249.
MICROBIAL CONTROL RESEARCH FOR SUPPRESSION OF THE PECAN WEEVIL - (Proceedings)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W.A., Fuxa, J.R., Wood, B.W., Cottrell, T.E., Nguyen, K.B., Adams, B.J., Humber, R.A., Hall, M.J. 2002. Microbial control research for suppression of the pecan weevil. Pecan Western Conference Proceedings. p.2-15.
A SURVEY FOR INSECT-KILLING NEMATODES AND FUNGI ENDEMIC TO PECAN ORCHARDS OF THE SOUTHEASTERN U.S. AND THEIR VIRULENCE TO THE PECAN WEEVIL ()
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gardner, W.A., Fuxa, J.R., Wood, B.W., Nguyen, K.B., Adams, B.J., Humber, R.A., Hall, M.J. 2002. A survey for insect-killing nematodes and fungi endemic to pecan orchards of the southeastern u.s. and their virulence to the pecan weevil. Pecan Grower. v.13(3). p.6-8.
AUTOMATED TECHNOLOGY FOR IN VIVO MASS PRODUCTION OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Gaugler, R., Brown, I., Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Atwa, A. 2002. Automated technology for in vivo mass production of entomopathogenic nematodes. Bological Control. v.24. p.199-206.
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND THEIR BACTERIAL SYMBIONTS - (Abstract Only)
DEVELOPMENT RATES IN ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES: INFECTED HOSTS VERSUS AQUEOUS SUSPENSION - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
LEWIS, E.E., SHAPIRO ILAN, D.I., MCCOY, D.W. DEVELOPMENT RATES IN ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES: INFECTED HOSTS VERSUS AQUEOUS SUSPENSION. JOURNAL OF NEMATOLOGY. 2002. Journal of Nematology. v.34. p.340-342.
PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES AND THEIR BACTERIAL SYMBIONTS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Gaugler, R. 2002. Production technology for entomopathogenic nematodes and their bacterial symbionts. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. v.28. p.137-146.
FORMULATED ARTHROPOD CADAVERS FOR PEST SUPPRESSION ()
U.S. Patent 6,524,601 B1, February 25, 2003.
FORMULATION OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE-INFECTED-CADAVERS - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
VIRULENCE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES TO PECAN WEEVIL, CURCULIO CARYAE (HORN), (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) ADULTS IN THE LABORATORY - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2001. Virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to pecan weevil adults (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Entomological Science. v.36. p.325-328.
VIRULENCE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES TO PECAN WEEVIL LARVAE, CURCULIO CARYAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE), IN THE LABORATORY - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2001. Virulence of entomopathogenic nematodes to pecan weevil larvae, Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in the laboratory. Journal of Economic Entomology. v.94. p.7-13.
NITROGEN PARTITIONING IN HETERORHABDITIS BACTERIOPHORA-INFECTED HOSTS AND THE EFFECTS OF NITROGEN ON ATTRACTION/REPULSION - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Shapiro Ilan, D.I., Lewis, E.E., Paramasivam, S., Mccoy, C.W. 2000. Nitrogen partitioning in Heterorhabditis bacteriophora-infected hosts and the effects of nitrogen on attraction/repulsion. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. v.76. p.43-48.
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