|Shapiro Ilan, David|
|DOLINSKI, CLAUDIA - State University Of North Fluminense|
Submitted to: Nematode pathogenesis of insects and other pests - ecology and applied technologies for sustainable plant and crop protection
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/2015
Publication Date: 11/1/2015
Citation: Shapiro-Ilan, D.I., Dolinski, C. 2015. Entomopathogenic nematode application technology. In: Campos-Herrera, R., editor. Nematode pathogenesis of insects and other pests - ecology and applied technologies for sustainable plant and crop protection. Springer International Publishing. p. 231-534.
Interpretive Summary: Beneficial insect-killing nematodes (also called entomopathogenic nematodes) are small round worms that are used as environmentally friendly bio-insecticides. These nematodes are applied to control many different kinds of insect pests and are safe to humans and other non-target organisms. In order to successfully use the nematodes as natural pest control agents, we need to know how to apply them efficiently. The nematodes can be applied using most standard agricultural equipment such as tractor driven spray systems or via irrigation systems. Sometimes, one method of application is better than another. In addition to application equipment, various environmental factors (such as UV radiation or desiccation) can impact pest control efficacy using nematodes. Efficacy can also be affected by biological factors such as the choice of nematode species that is used and the rate of application. In this chapter we review recent literature on beneficial nematode application technology, discuss novel innovations, and explore opportunities for future improvement.
Technical Abstract: Biocontrol success when using entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) in the genera Heterorhabditis and Steinernema relies on a variety of factors including components of the application event itself. Successful application encompasses both abiotic and biotic influences. For example, adverse array of equipment is available for EPN application including various spray technology and irrigation systems. The specific application equipment that is chosen and parameters associated with EPN distribution can have a direct impact on the level of pest suppression achieved. Additionally, the choice of nematode species, rate of application, and other concurrent management practices are critical to success. In this chapter we review recent literature on EPN application technology, discuss novel innovations, and explore opportunities for future improvement.