Important Events for the Upcoming Week:
Oct 19, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Entomologist Nancy Epsky from the Subtropical Horticulture Research Station in Miami, FL will present a poster entitled ‘Aqueous Grape Juice Bait for Anastrepha suspensa (Loew), (Diptera: Tephritidae) and Zaprionus indianus Gupta (Diptera: Drosophilidae)’ at the 9th Meeting of Tephritid Workers of the Western Hemisphere in Buenos Aires, Argentina. This meeting is organized in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), will be held in English and Spanish with simultaneous translation provided.
October 19, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Sugarcane Research Unit in Houma, LA will host the attendees of the USDA-NIFA AFRI Sustainable Bioenergy Annual Project Director (PD) Meeting on a tour of the Unit’s research farm. Attendees will be given an opportunity to observe research being conducted by ARS scientists including research by Drs. Anna Hale, Paul White, and Richard Johnson related to their participation in an AFRI CAP bioenergy project.
Kari Hugie and her research at the Pee Dee Center was featured in an article in the Southeast Farm Press Magazine. Kari is a Post doc, Research Geneticist at the Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Res. Center in Florence, SC, and works with Dr. Todd Campbell. You can read the entire article at the below link:
Outreach and Professional Activities:
Oct 21, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Entomologist, Frank Rinkevich from the Honey Bee Breeding and Genetics Laboratory in Baton Rouge, LA will be attend the Florida State Beekeepers Association Annual Conference in Gainesville, FL.
October 16-24, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Microbiologist, Thomas Ducey will attend the 3rd Asia Pacific Biochar Conference in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province, S. Korea. Dr. Ducey will make presentations entitled “Use of biochar amendments for soil remediation: Impact on microbial activity” and “Activity in both soils degraded by mine spoils and degraded by severe weathering.”
October 16-24, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Soil Scientist, Jeff Novak will attend the 3rd Asia Pacific Biochar Conference in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province, S. Korea. Dr. Novak will make a presentation entitled “Matching designer biochars for improving agriculturally important properties of degraded soils.”
October 16-24, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Soil Scientist, Dilbert Sigua will attend the 3rd Asia Pacific Biochar Conference in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province, S. Korea. Dr. Sigua will present “Designer biochars can remediate mine spoil chemical properties while also improving mine site phytostabilization” and Soil chemical changes of coastal plains Utilsols with winter wheat: contrasting effects of sorghum biochars and sorghum residues.”
October 21-29, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Soil Scientist, Matias Vanotti will attend the XII DALL Latin American Symposium and Workshop on Anaerobic Digestion sponsored by the International Water Association. Dr. Vanotti will present a new ARS developed method for “Simultaneous recovery of phosphorus and nitrogen from anaerobic digestion effluents in municipal and livestock systems.”
October 9-26, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Plant Pathologist Yulin Jia at the Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center, Stuttgart AR, will co-chair a scientific session titled “Disease management and country report” as a member of the international organizing committee of 7th International Rice Blast Conference (7th IRBC) and will present an invited talk titled “Analysis of rice blast resistance genes in domesticated and weedy species of rice” at 7th IRBC, Manila, Philippines. Subsequently, Dr. Jia will present three invited seminars at Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences in China.
Oct.24, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Chemist Ming-Hsuan Chen of the Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center in Stuttgart, AR will present an invited talk titled “Enhancing the health-beneficial qualities of whole grain rice” during the Recent Advances on Structure-Function Relations of Rice and Rice-Based Food Symposia at the 2016 American Association of Cereal Chemists annual meeting to be held from Oct 23-26, 2016 in Savannah, GA.
October 24-30, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Leader Stephen Duke of the Natural Products Utilization Research Unit in Oxford, MS will give an oral presentation entitled "Plant biotechnology and weed management" at a symposium entitled Translational Plant Biology at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel on October 27, 2016.
October 27, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Geneticist Aaron Jackson of the Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center in Stuttgart, AR will give a guest lecture on the basics of Mendelian genetics and will provide laboratory experiments illustrating the real world applications of genetic principals related to traditional plant breeding techniques and biotechnology at the Phillips Community College in Stuttgart, AR.
October 28, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists of the Sugarcane Research Unit in Houma, LA will host Dr. Taichiro Hattori and Dr. Shimoji Itaru from the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO), Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tochigi, Japan. Their visit is sponsored by the 2016 United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources (UJNR), Cooperative Activities of the Forage Improvement Panel, including Bioenergy Crops. Their visit will be coordinated by Dr. Anna Hale and Dr. Michael Grisham. The visitors will observe research being conducted by the Unit and discuss exchange of genetic resources of sugarcane and sugarcane relatives for development of improved sugarcane varieties and bioenergy feedstocks.
November 2-3, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Entomologist Lilia deGuzman and Biological Science Technician Amanda Frake from the Honey Bee Breeding, Genetics and Physiology Research Unit in Baton Rouge, LA will attend the 2016 annual meeting of the Russian Honey Bee Breeders Association in Gulfport, MS.
November 5-7, 2016. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Agricultural Engineer Ruixiu Sui of Crop Production Systems Research Unit in Stoneville, MS will present an invited talk entitled “Precision Irrigation for Improving Water Use Efficiency” at 2016 Yangling Agri-Science Forum to be held at Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China.
November 6-9, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Scientists Kip Balkcom, Leah Duzy, Allen Torbert, Dexter Watts, Stephen Prior and Juan Rodriquez will attend the 2016 ASA, CSSA, & SSSA Annual Meeting in Phoenix, AZ. Dr. Balkcom will make a presentation entitled “Strip Tillage for Single and Twin-Row Peanut,” and moderated a session entitled “Land Management and Conservation.” Dr. Duzy will make a presentation entitled “Managing Cover Crops: An Economic Perspective,” Dr. Torbert will make a presentation entitled “Potential adherence of gypsum to forage as a consideration for excessive ingestion by ruminates,” Dr. Watts will make a presentation entitled “Gypsum's Influence on Corn Yield and P Loss from an Eroded Southern Piedmont Soil,” Dr. Prior will make a presentation entitled “Long-term pasture under elevated CO2 and N management: CO2 flux patterns upon return to cultivation,” and Dr. Rodriquez will make a presentation entitled “Modification of the AB-DTPA Soil Test to Correct Blue-P Analysis.” Also, at the meeting Dr. Balkcom will be named Chair of the “Land Management and Conservation Section” and will serve in this capacity over the next year.
November 6-9, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Geneticist Marilyn Warburton of the Corn Host Plant Resistance Research Unit at Mississippi State, MS will attend the annual meeting of the Crop Science Society of America in Phoenix, AZ where she will be named Editor of Crop Science.
November 6-10, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Chemist Sophie Uchimiya of Commodity Utilization Research Unit, New Orleans, LA will attend the Soil Science Society of America Meeting to present the papers entitled: "Surface interactions of engineered (fullerene and gold) nanoparticles and the pyrogenic carbon components of agricultural soil" and "EEM/PARAFAC and UV/VIS-PLS fingerprinting of secondary products in sweet sorghum and sugarcane juice” held in Phoenix, AZ.
November 6-10, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Ecologist Matt Moore of the Water Quality and Ecology Research Unit in Oxford, MS, will attend the 37th Annual North American Meeting and 7th World Congress of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry in Orlando, FL. Dr. Moore will give two presentations during the week: "When You Wish Upon a Ditch: Twenty Years of Bioengineering for Agroecosystem Services" and "Dredging and Seasonality Effects on Nutrient Concentrations and Ecoenzymatic Activity in Agricultural Drainage Ditch Sediments." He will also co-chair two platform sessions, "History and Role of SETAC in the Advancement in Environmental Chemistry and Aquatic Toxicology" and "Climate Change and Water Resource Management: An Ever-Changing Challenge."
November 6-10, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Director Martin Locke of the National Sedimentation Laboratory in Oxford, MS, will present a poster titled “Assessment of genetically modified corn, glyphosate application, and tillage on soil and corn plant parameters” at the 2016 International Annual Meeting, "Resilience Emerging from Scarcity and Abundance," in Phoenix, AZ.
November 7-10, 2016, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Research Geneticist William Anderson of the Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit, Tifton, GA will give an oral presentation entitled "Bermuda grass Stem Maggot: Devastating new pest problem for Southern hay producers" at the ASA/CSSA/SSSA annual meetings on November 7, 2016.
ARS: Athens, Ga. - Poultry disease is an international issue and developing animals resistant to disease may be one of the long-term solutions. University of Georgia researchers Steven Stice and Franklin West in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Claudio Afonso at the Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service have spent the last four years gathering data that could make the process a reality.
The team used a technology platform called shRNA???single strands of RNA that fold back on themselves???to selectively stop the production of nucleic acids that cause disease, such as the Newcastle disease virus. Dr. Afonso was responsible for the design of the products used to reduce virus replication (gene specific shRNA) and together with his team developed methods to conduct the challenges with virulent viruses and evaluate the results. Initial experiments were conducted at UGA and final testing and evaluation was done at the BSL3 facilities of U.S. National Poultry Research Center in Athens.
The research team's tooling process for enhancing disease resistance, published recently in the Journal of the International Alliance for Biological Standardization, is potentially a much better way of disease protection than vaccination because it introduces permanent genetic resistance that is transmittable to a bird's offspring. In contrast, many vaccines provide protection for a given period of time and must be re-administered periodically.
Multiple types of animals and disease could be targeted. This technology could also be applied to avian influenza and swine flu. To read the full story, "Delayed Newcastle disease virus replication using RNA interference to target the nucleoprotein," is available at www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1045105615000275.