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Subject of Investigation

Agricultural supplies, general/other
Animal research, general
Aquatic plants
Arboreta and botanical gardens
Atmosphere, general/other
Beans (dry)
Beans (fresh, fresh-processed)
Bedding/garden plants
Beef cattle, general/other
Beef cattle, live animal
Bees, honey, and other pollinators, general
Berries and cane fruits, other
Biological Cell Systems
Broadleaf forests of the South
Chemurgic Crops
Citrus, general/other
Cole crops (includes cabbage, kale, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower,
Conifer forests of the North
Conifer forests of the South
Conifer forests of the West
Cool season perennial grasses (includes bluegrass, bromegrass, fescue)
Corn (for sweetcorn use 1480)
Cotton, other
Cottonseed (for meal, oil, etc.)
Cross-commodity research--multiple animal species
Cross-commodity research--multiple crops
Cucurbits, other (includes pumpkin, squash, gourd)
Cut flowers, foliage, and greens
Dairy cattle, general/other
Dairy cattle, live animal
Deciduous and small fruits, general/other
Deciduous tree fruits, other
Desert and semidesert shrub land and shinnery
Domestic and community water supply facilities and systems
Drainage and irrigation facilities and systems
Duck and goose, live animal
Durum wheat
Economy, general/other
Edible tree nuts, general/other
Egg-type chicken, live animal
Experimental design and statistical methods
Feed and feed additives
Fiber crops, general/other
Fish habitats
Florist crops, other
Food (not readily associated with specific plant and animal products)
Forage legumes, other
Freshwater shrimp
Fungi (includes yeast)
General Commodity
General technology
Goats, meat and mohair
Grain crops, general/other (includes buckwheat, millet, triticale)
Grain sorghum
Grapes, other
Greens and leafy vegetables (includes endive, lettuce, spinach)
Ground covers
Hard red spring wheat
Hard red winter wheat
Hard white wheat
Herbaceous perennials and decorative greens
Herbs and spices
Honey bees
Horses, ponies, and mules
Individuals (as workers, consumers, members of society)
Laboratory animals
Leguminous vegetables, other
Long fiber cotton
Machinery and equipment
Marine shrimp
Meat, beef cattle
Meat, dairy cattle
Meat, sheep
Meat, swine
Meat-type chicken, live animal
Melons (includes cantaloupe, muskmelon, watermelon)
Microorganisms, general/other
Miscellaneous and new crops, general/other
Mixed conifer-broadleaf forests
Mountain grasslands, meadow, and alpine
Mushrooms and other edible fungi
Narcotic plants
Noncrop plant research
Nonfarm structures and related facilities, including those used in
Oilseed and oil crops, general/other
Onion, garlic, leek, shallot
Ornamental trees and shrubs
Ornamentals and turf, general/other (includes cacti)
Other animals, general
Other beef cattle products
Other bees (non-Apis bees)
Other cultured finfish
Other dairy cattle products
Other non-bee pollinators, general
Other poultry products
Other swine products
Paper and pulp derived products
Parks and urban green space
Pasture and forage crops, general/other
Peas (dry)
Peas (fresh, fresh-processed)
People and communities, general/other
Perennial grasses, other
Pesticides (includes herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, etc.)
Plant research, general
Potted plants
Poultry meat
Poultry, general/other
Raisin grapes
Rangelands and grasslands, general
Rangelands, other
Red clover
Remote sensing equipment and technology
Research equipment and methods, general/other
Research on research management (not research management per se)
Rhizomes, tubers, bulbs, and root crops, general/other (for potato use 1310)
River basins
Rubber, gum, and resin plants, other
Seeds and other plant propagules
Sewage and waste disposal facilities and systems
Sheep and wool, general/other
Sheep, live animal
Soft red wheat
Soft white wheat (includes club, western)
Soil and land, general
Solanaceous and related crops, general/other (for potato use 1310)
Solar radiation
Spiders, mites, ticks, and other arthropods
Striped bass
Structures, facilities, and equipment, general/other
Sugar beet
Sugar cane
Sugar crops, general/other
Summer annual grasses (includes forage sorghums, sudangrass, sorghum)
Sweet potato
Sweet sorghum
Swine, general/other
Swine, live animal
Table grapes
The family and its members
The farm as an enterprise
Trees, forests, and forest products, general
Tropical/subtropical fruit, general/other
Turf (includes bentgrass, bermudagrass, bluegrass, dichondra, fescue)
Turkey, live animal
Upland cotton
Vegetables, general/other
Viroids, mycoplasmas, spiroplasmas, etc.
Warm season perennial grasses (includes dallisgrass, bluestems)
Water resources
Watersheds and river basins, general
Wetland and riparian systems
Wheat, other
Wild animals
Wildlife and natural fisheries, general/other
Wildlife habitats
Wine grapes
Winter annual legumes (includes subterranean clover, arrowleaf clover)
Wood and wood products
Wool fiber
Pasture and forage crops, general/other
item Advancing Hmong Farmers in Soil Health Practices through Outreach and Education
item An Evaluation of Alternative Crops and Production Systems in Western Arkansas
item Back to the Future: Improving Productivity, Sustainability, and Resilience of Eastern Grasslands
item Biological Control in Integrated Weed Management of Invasive Weeds from Europe, Asia, and Africa
item Breeding Alfalfa for Intercropping with Intermediate Wheatgrass: Towards Perennial Grain-Forage Systems
item Bringing Interseeding of Alfalfa into Corn to the Farm through On-Farm Research, Demonstration, and Outreach
item Catalyzing a Billion Dollar Cover Crop Seed Industry - Madison
item Catalyzing Cover Crop Advancement as a Climate-Smart Practice through a National Variety Improvement and Seed Production Program
item Climate Resilient Intensification Strategies for Forage Production with Small Grains and Millets
item Comparisons of Grass-Based and Alfalfa/Corn Silage Forage Systems for Dairy Cows in Central Wisconsin
item Comprehensive Soil Health: Conservation & Remediation Practices for Urban Agriculture
item Conservation Effects Assessment Project - 2022, 2023
item Coupling Human and Machine Knowledge to Optimize Tribal Food Systems
item Coupling Human and Machine Knowledge to Optimize Tribal Food Systems (Booneville)
item Developing Aspirational Practices Through Improved Process Understanding to Protect Soil and Air Resources and Increase Agricultural Productivity in the Upper Midwest U.S.
item Developing Climate Based Ag Management Operation Scheduling and Natural Infrastructure Practices in the National Agroecosystem Model
item Developing Climate-Smart Forage and Animal Management Strategies and Precision Technologies for Integrated Crop-Pasture-Livestock Systems in the Northeast
item Developing Sustainable Forage and Cover Crop Systems for Dairy Farms
item Development of a Carbon Dynamics Model for Predicting GHG Emission and Sequestration in Croplands
item Development of a Mobile Robot for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Fields
item Development of Data and Tools to Support Precision Dryland Farming
item Development of Enhanced Tools and Management Strategies to Support Sustainable Agricultural Systems and Water Quality
item Development of Plant and Molecular Resources to Improve Performance, Utility, and Tolerance of Cool Season Grasses and Legumes
item Diversifying Ecosystem Services in Dairy Forage Systems
item Effects of Rotation Length on Animal Performance, Pasture Productivity, Weed Encroachment, and Delivery of Ecosystem Services of Grazing Systems
item Enhanced Soil Carbon Farming As A Climate Solution
item Enhancing On-Farm Demonstration and Outreach Efforts for Alfalfa and Dual Purpose Cover Cropping Systems
item Enhancing the Viability of Grass-Fed Dairy Production in the U.S. Through Comprehensive Research and Extension Grazing
item Evaluating Genotype by Environment Interactions in Intermediate Wheatgrass for Forage and Grain Production in Dairy Forage Systems
item Evaluating Pasture Systems in the Upper Midwest
item Evaluating, Educating, and Communicating the Value of Cover Crop in WI Crop Rotations, for Enhanced Productivity, Water, and Soil Quality Protection
item Evaluation the potential of the silvopastoral cattle production system to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the Peruvian tropics.
item Expanding Efforts in Cover Crop Cultivar Development: Focusing on Weed Suppression, Winter Survival, and Seed Production
item Expanding Regional Grainshed Asset Mapping and Resource Development
item Expanding the Cover Crop Breeding Network: New Species and Traits for Organic Growers (Corvallis)
item Field Testing of Minor Use Pesticides
item Field Testing of Minor Use Pesticides
item Field-Scale SWAT+ Modeling to Support Regional Legacy P Model Development
item Financial Health Workshop Series for BIPOC Farmers and Landowners
item Fostering Resilience and Ecosystem Services in Landscapes by Integrating Diverse Perennial Circular Systems
item FY 2022, 2023 Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) - Benchmark Watershed Assessment Studies (on croplands) Temple
item Genetic Improvement of Alfalfa for Enhanced Productivity under Abiotic Stress
item Genetic Resource and Information Management for Pulse, Temperate Forage Legume, Oilseed, Vegetable, Grasses, Sugar, Ornamental, and Other Crops
item Grazing with the Fun Guy (Fungi) – Small Ruminant Worm Control
item Grazing with the Fun Guy (Fungi) – Small Ruminant Worm Control
item Improved Plant Genetic Resources and Methods to ensure Resilient and Productive Rangelands, Pastures, and Turf Landscapes
item Improved Process-based Models for Predicting Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Fertilized Soils
item Improving Legume Cover Crops for Organic Farmers
item Improving Resilience and Diversification of Small Farms Through Agroforestry and Specialty Crops
item Incorporating Precision Agriculture Equipment to Maximize Profitability in Maryland – Best Practices for Creating Management Zones
item Increasing Sustainability of Forage Production in Mid-South Agroecosystems
item Increasing Water Productivity, Nutrient Efficiency and Soil Health in Rainfed Food Systems of Semi-Aris Southern Great Plains
item Innovations for Small Farms Pasture and Silvopasture
item Innovative Forage and Pasture Management Strategies for Dairy Agroecosystems
item Innovative Forage Management Strategies in Central Wisconsin
item Integrated Grassland and Cropland Observation Systems for Multi-Scale Observations Agroecosystem Processes
item Integrated Research to Enhance Forage and Food Production from Southern Great Plains Agroecosystems
item Interseeding Cover Crops into Corn to Extend the Grazing Season and Improve Soil Health
item Kentucky Alfalfa Nutrient Survey: Understanding the Role of Soil Fertility
item Livestock, Forage, and Pasture Management Research Unit, El Reno, Oklahoma, contribution to Enteric Methane Monitoring - Midwest Area
item Long-Term Beef Manure Influences Soil Quality, Carbon Dynamics, and Corn Productivity
item Long-Term Cover Crops Influence Soil Quality and Carbon Content in Cropping System
item Machinery Traffic Impacts on the Alfalfa-Corn Intercropping System
item Managing Alfalfa for Climate Smart Agriculture (DFRU)
item Mapping Subsoil Fragipan Breakdown by Ryegrass Cover Cropping
item Measuring and Monitoring Environmental Variables that Impact Agroecosystem Resilience
item Measuring Field-scale Changes in Soil Ecosystem Services and Crop Production with the Integration of Conservation Practices in Dairy Forage Systems
item Modeling and Synthesis for the Pasture Ecological Vulnerability Index
item Modeling and Synthesis Pastureland Ecological Vulnerability Index
item Monitoring Climatic Changes in Northwest Oklahoma
item Native American Soil Health Collaborative: Strengthening Soil Health Efforts among Indigenous Communities
item Natural Carbon Sinks in Grass and Cropland
item Northeast Pasture Consortium Annual Conference
item Northwest-Adapted Barleys for Resistance to Stem Rust (UG99)
item Operation of the ARS Micronet to Provide a Long-Term, High Spatial Resolution Climate Record for Study of Hydrologic and Agricultural Systems
item Optimizing Carbon Management for Enhancing Soil and Crop Performances
item Oregon Alfalfa Nutrient Survey
item Organomineral Fertilizers: A Sustainable Fertility Option for Farmers?
item Outreach and Promotion of Regenerative Grazing Practices to Support Soil Health and Economic Resilience
item Parameterization and Testing of New Groundwater Flow and Salinity Model in the National Agroecosystem Model
item Precision Interseeding of Cover Crops Using Autonomous Robotic Technology
item Researching and Developing Cover Cropping in Midwestern Agricultural Systems
item Residue Analysis of Minor Use Pesticides
item Residue Removal Study and Manure Addition to Maintain Soil Quality and Sustainability
item Silvopasture Research and Demonstration at the US Dairy Forage Research Center
item Software and Database Development Related to Forage and Animal Production Systems
item Soil Health Collaborative: Evaluating the Social, Economic, Policy, and Biophysical Drivers and Barriers to Greater Use of Soil Health Practices
item Soil Health Collaborative: Evaluating the Social, Economic, Policy, and Biophysical Drivers and Barriers to Greater Use of Soil Health Practices
item Statistical Design and Methods
item Strategic Integration of Perennials in Annual Crop Production Systems
item Strategies to Optimize Productivity through Enhancement of Plant Stress Tolerance and Agroecological Farming Systems in the Southeastern US
item Supporting Soil Health Practices through Study of Labor Management on Midwest Diversified Farms
item The Chemistry and Effectiveness of Plant Vitrification Solutions for Use in Cryopreservation
item The Crop and Soil Module of the Ruminant Farm Systems (RuFaS) Model
item Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Satellite Remote Sensing Data to Evaluate Forage Yield and Quality
item Weed Management Research in Seed Cropping Systems
item Wisconsin Alfalfa Nutrient Survey