Skip to main content
ARS Home » Plains Area » Manhattan, Kansas » Center for Grain and Animal Health Research » Grain Quality and Structure Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #361327

Research Project: Impact of Environmental Variation on Genetic Expression (phenotype) of Hard Winter Wheat Quality Traits

Location: Grain Quality and Structure Research

Title: Registration of 'LCS Compass' wheat

item LIU, L - Virginia Tech
item BARNETT, M. - Limagrain Cereal Seeds
item GRIFFEY, C. - Virginia Tech
item MALLA, S. - Virginia Tech
item BROOKS, W. - Virginia Tech
item SEAGO, J. - Virginia Tech
item KIRBY, K. - South Dakota State University
item THOMASON, W. - Virginia Tech
item RUCKER, E. - Virginia Tech
item BEHL, H. - Virginia Tech
item PITMAN, R. - Virginia Tech
item DUNAWAY, D. - Virginia Tech
item VAUGHN, M. - Virginia Tech
item CUSTIS, J. - Eastern Shore Agricultural Research And Education
item Seabourn, Bradford
item Chen, Yuanhong - Richard
item Fountain, Myron
item Marshall, David
item Graybosch, Robert
item Divis, Lori
item Hansen, Lavern
item Cowger, Christina
item Cambron, Sue
item Jin, Yue
item BEAHM, B - Virginia Foundation Seed Stocks Farm
item HARDIMAN, T - Virginia Crop Improvement Association
item LIN, C - Mennel Milling Company
item MENNEL, D - Mennel Milling Company
item MENNEL, D - Mennel Milling Company

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/15/2018
Publication Date: 12/13/2018
Citation: Liu, L., Barnett, M.D., Griffey, C.A., Malla, S., Brooks, W.S., Seago, J.E., Kirby, K., Thomason, W.E., Rucker, E.G., Behl, H.D., Pitman, R.M., Dunaway, D.W., Vaughn, M.E., Custis, J.T., Seabourn, B.W., Chen, Y.R., Fountain, M.O., Marshall, D.S., Graybosch, R.A., Divis, L.A., Hansen, L.E., Cowger, C., Cambron, S.E., Jin, Y., Beahm, B.R., Hardiman, T.H., Lin, C.J., Mennel, D.F., Mennel, D.L. 2018. Registration of "LCS Compass" Wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 13:50-57.

Interpretive Summary: The hard winter wheat breeding program at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, was initiated in the early 1990s. The primary objective of this program is to develop hard winter wheat cultivars to meet market demands in the eastern United States. Hard wheat is mainly grown in the Great Plains and soft red winter wheat in eastern states, thus requiring mills in eastern states to transport hard wheat from the Great Plains. Hard wheat production in eastern states will benefit mills by reducing these transportation expenses and provide economic benefit to growers via the higher prices paid for hard versus soft wheat. Hard winter wheat lines developed at Virginia Tech are tested in the eastern and Great Plains regions. ‘LCS Compass’ is well adapted in South Dakota and Nebraska in the northern Great Plains region. It provides growers in those regions with a hard red winter (HRW) wheat cultivar with short stature, early to medium maturity, high grain volume weight, high grain yields, and excellent baking quality.

Technical Abstract: ‘LCS Compass’ (Reg. No. CV-1149, PI 675458), a hard red winter (HRW) wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), was developed and tested as VA10HRW-13 and co-released by the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station and Limagrain Cereal Seeds, LLC, in 2015. LCS Compass was derived from the cross ‘Vision 20’ /‘Stanof’ using a modified bulk breeding method. LCS Compass is a widely adapted, high-yielding, awned, semidwarf (Rht1) HRW wheat with early to medium maturity and resistance or moderate resistance to diseases prevalent in the mid-Atlantic and Great Plains regions of the United States. In the 2013 Uniform Bread Wheat Trial conducted over 18 locations in eastern states, LCS Compass produced an average grain yield of 4609 kg ha-1 that was similar to ‘Vision 30’ (4697 kg ha-1). In the northern Great Plains, the average grain yield of LCS Compass (4015 kg ha-1) over 44 locations in 2013 was similar to ‘Jerry’ (4013 kg ha-1). In the South Dakota crop zone 3 variety test, LCS Compass had a 3-yr (2015–2017) yield average of 5575 kg ha-1 and was one of highest-yielding cultivars among the 19 cultivars tested over the 3-yr period. LCS Compass has good end-use quality in both the eastern and Great Plains regions of the United States.