Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/31/2004
Publication Date: 5/11/2004
Citation: Spackman, E. 2004. Implications of the southeast asia avian influenza outbreak to the u.s. poultry industry. Meeting Abstract.
Technical Abstract: In recent years there has been a great deal of both low and highly pathogenic H5 and H7 AIV activity in commercial poultry worldwide. Unusual aspects of these outbreaks, such as transmission to humans and novel mechanisms of transition of low pathogenic strains to highly pathogenic strains have caused the influenza scientific community, regulatory agencies and poultry industry to re-evaluate what is known about the biology of the virus and how we should respond to outbreaks. There is a clear need for science based policy, but many questions still need to be answered to make effective policy. Finally, one must take care in extrapolating whether the success or failure of specific control programs in Asia can be applied to other AIV outbreaks due to differences among the affected countries in poultry industry structure and routine rearing practices, animal health support infrastructure, and surveillance methods. This outbreak has also increased consumer interest and media coverage of avian influenza outbreaks, such as with the 2004 avian influenza outbreaks in Delmarva and Texas, which may adversely affect consumer confidence. The long term impact of the current AIV outbreak in Asia will probably be realized through its effect on policy and practices for the response to future AIV outbreaks.