Submitted to: United States Animal Health Association Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/22/2003
Publication Date: 1/1/2004
Citation: Swayne, D.E., Suarez, D.L., Spackman, E., Tumpey, T., Beck, J.R., Erdman, D., Rollin, P.E., Ksiazek, T.G. 2004. Research Indicates Poultry Were Not Involved in Sars Outbreak. United States Animal Health Association Proceedings, p494-495, 2004.
Technical Abstract: SARS-coronavirus inoculated intratracheally into chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks and quail failed to cause disease or replicate. In addition, inoculation of embryonating chicken and turkey eggs via yolk or allantoic sac failed to produce a productive infection. What was believed to be residual inoculum was detected by real-time RT-PCR (RRT-PCR) and standard RT-PCR in oropharyngeal swabs from two chickens on day 1 post inoculation and in the embryonating chicken and turkey embryos. This study suggests that domestic poultry were unlikely to have been associated with replication and dissemination of SARS-coronavirus in the animal markets of southern China and Hong Kong.