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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Functional Foods Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #324200

Research Project: Improved Utilization of Low-Value Oilseed Press Cakes and Pulses for Health-Promoting Food Ingredients and Biobased Products

Location: Functional Foods Research

Title: Porous structures from bio-based polymers via supercritical drying

item Kenar, James - Jim

Submitted to: Springer Verlag
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/16/2016
Publication Date: 1/20/2017
Citation: Kenar, J.A. 2017. Porous structures from bio-based polymers via supercritical drying. In: Yang, Y., Yu, J., Xu, H., Sun, B., editors. Porous Lightweight Composites Reinforced with Fibrous Structures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 207-243.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Natural biobased polymers (biopolymers or biomacromolecules) such as polysaccharides, proteins, and polylactic acid derived from plant and animal sources are interesting materials due to their abundance, renewability, low cost, biodegradability, biocompatibility, and interesting chemistry. Many biopolymers can be induced to form gels consisting of a solvent trapped within the interstitial spaces of a three dimensional polymeric network. The use of supercritical drying to remove the solvent contained within the gels without collapsing its three dimensional polymeric network provides unique highly porous materials known as aerogels. Biopolymer aerogels are a special class of lightweight highly porous structured materials that are of interest for their low densities, high surface areas, low heat conductivities, and mechanical strength. These aerogels are being investigated for in applications such as component separation, absorbents, catalysts and supports for chemical reactions, drug delivery, and scaffolds for tissue engineering. This chapter summarizes the latest research examining the preparation and properties of highly porous biobased aerogel structures via supercritical drying.