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ARS Home » Plains Area » Manhattan, Kansas » Center for Grain and Animal Health Research » Grain Quality and Structure Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #312118

Research Project: IMPROVE GRAIN SORGHUM END-USE QUALITY & UTILIZATION BY IDENTIFYING THE PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL & ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS RELATED TO FOOD & FEED...

Location: Grain Quality and Structure Research

Title: Factors related to reduced in-vitro digestibility in a diverse sorghum population

Author
item Adrianos, Sherry
item Blackwell, Deidre - Former ARS Employee
item Bean, Scott
item Ioerger, Brian
item Tilley, Michael - Mike
item Herald, Thomas
item Gadgil, Priyadarshin

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/19/2014
Publication Date: 3/24/2015
Citation: Adrianos, S.L., Blackwell, D., Bean, S., Ioerger, B.P., Tilley, M., Herald, T.J., Gadgil, P. 2015. Factors related to reduced in-vitro digestibility in a diverse sorghum population. 249th ACS National Meeting & Exposition. Meeting Abstract. Poster No. 76.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Sorghum grain is an important cereal that thrives under arid growing conditions less tolerated by wheat and corn. Sorghum is utilized as an animal feed and human food in various parts of the world. However, sorghum grain protein is known for having reduced in-vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) compared to other cereals limiting sorghum nutritional quality. Previous research has identified high digestible sorghum mutants in which misshapen protein bodies were responsible for increased protein digestibility. However, significant variation in IVPD of wild-type sorghum lines exists and little research has been done to determine what factors govern digestibility in non-mutant sorghum populations. A genetically diverse sorghum association mapping population was analyzed for several factors hypothesized to be related to IVPD. As expected, tannin content decreased protein digestibility. Non-tannin sorghums averaged 58% digestibility while tannin containing sorghums averaged only 46%. The tannin containing sorghum lines exhibited a strong negative correlation between tannin content and IVPD (r= -0.82) as expected. However, within the non-tannin sorghum population, total non-tannin phenolics did not correlate to digestibility. Physical grain traits including kernel weight, diameter, and hardness did not correlate to IVPD in the non-tannin sorghum population. Protein cross-linking was analyzed on a subset of non-tannin samples using selective extraction and size exclusion chromatography. This analysis revealed that the degree of protein cross-linking negatively correlated to IVPD (r= -0.61). The presence of protease inhibitors also decreased IVPD in sorghum. Phytic acid levels did not correlate with IVPD in a subset of the non-tannin samples. Further work will include developing biochemical methods to unlock the latent nutrient potential of sorghum grain to attain increased value of cultivated natural resources through elevated bioavailability.