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Title: Managing manure for sustainable livestock production in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Author
item Kleinman, Peter
item Saacke Blunk, Kristen - Pennsylvania State University
item Bryant, Ray
item Saporito, Louis - Lou
item Beegle, Doug - Pennsylvania State University
item Czymmek, Karl - Cornell University - New York
item Ketterings, Quirine - Cornell University - New York
item Sims, Tom - University Of Delaware
item Shortle, Jim - Pennsylvania State University
item Mcgrath, Josh - University Of Maryland
item Coale, Frank - University Of Maryland
item Dubin, Mark - University Of Maryland
item Dostie, Daniel - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS, USDA)
item Maguire, Rory - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item Meinen, Robb - Pennsylvania State University
item Allen, Arthur - University Of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES)
item O'neill, Kelly - Chesapeake Bay Foundation
item Garber, Lamonte - Chesapeake Bay Foundation
item Davis, Mark - Delaware Department Of Agriculture
item Clark, Bobby - Virginia Polytechnic Institution & State University
item Sellner, Kevin - Chesapeake Research
item Smith, Matthew

Submitted to: Journal of Soil and Water Conservation
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/20/2012
Publication Date: 3/1/2012
Citation: Kleinman, P., Saacke Blunk, K., Bryant, R.B., Saporito, L.S., Beegle, D., Czymmek, K., Ketterings, Q., Sims, T., Shortle, J., Mcgrath, J., Coale, F., Dubin, M., Dostie, D., Maguire, R., Meinen, R., Allen, A., O'Neill, K., Garber, L., Davis, M., Clark, B., Sellner, K., Smith, M.C. 2012. Managing manure for sustainable livestock production in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 67:54A-61A. DOI: 10.2489/jswc.67.2.54A.

Interpretive Summary: Manure presents one of the greatest challenges to livestock operations in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. The root causes of today’s manure management concerns range from on-farm practices, to historical factors, to market forces and food production system design. We review the landscape of manure management issues found in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed and highlight priorities.

Technical Abstract: Manure presents one of the greatest challenges to livestock operations in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. The Chesapeake Bay is threatened by excessive nutrient loadings and, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, manure is the source of 18% of the nitrogen and 27% of the phosphorus entering the Bay annually. It is well recognized that programs aimed at improving the health of the Bay must address manure as a source and manure management as a solution. We review the diversity of manure management concerns found in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, highlighting priority concerns and, where possible, identifying remedial actions. As the root causes of today’s manure management concerns range from on-farm practices, to historical factors, to market forces and food production system design, sustainable management of manure requires a holistic approach that includes both short- and long-term objectives.