Submitted to: Annual Meeting and Expo of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/15/2007
Publication Date: 5/16/2007
Citation: Erhan, S.Z., Biswas, A., Sharma, B.K. 2007. Synthesis and Characterization of Amine Functionalized Vegetable Oil as Lubricant Additive. Annual Meeting and Expo of the American Oil Chemists' Society. xx. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: The majority of the lubricants and additives currently used are petroleum based that are toxic to the environment, making it increasingly difficult for safe and easy disposal. There has been an increasing demand for green lubricants and lubricant additives in recent years due to concerns about their loss to the environment and strict government regulations controlling their use. The triacylglycerol structure of vegetable oils is amphiphilic in character that makes them an excellent candidate for use as a lubricant or additive. In addition, triacylglycerol structures provide sites for chemical modification to improve some of its lubricant properties. In this work, vegetable oil structure was chemically modified to obtain a poly(hydroxy amine) derivative. This process retains the vegetable oil structure and its basic advantages (high flash point, viscosity index, lubricity and eco-friendly nature). This product can effectively function as a lubricant additive in industrial and automotive applications. Comparative tests with commercial products demonstrate its effectiveness.