Submitted to: American Chemical Society Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/15/2007
Publication Date: 3/29/2007
Citation: Sharma, B.K., Biswas, A., Erhan, S.Z. 2007. Amine Hydroxy Derivative of Soybean Oil as Lubricant Additive. American Chemical Society Abstracts. xx.
Technical Abstract: The amphiphilic character of vegetable oils makes them an excellent candidate as lubricants and as specialty chemicals. Additional advantages of vegetable oils are that they are renewable resources, environmentally friendly non toxic fluids, and readily biodegradable. Industrial application of vegetable oils is limited due to poor thermo-oxidative stability, poor low temperature fluidity, and other tribochemical degrading processes that occur under severe conditions of temperature, pressure, shear stress, metal surface and environment. This work describes the evaluation of amine hydroxy derivative of soybean oil for possible application as lubricant additives for biodegradable lubricants. The synthesis of this derivative retains the vegetable oil structure, eliminates poly-unsaturation in the molecule, and adds polar functional groups that significantly improve adsorption on metal surfaces. Comparative tests with commercial products demonstrate its effectiveness.