Submitted to: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/29/2005
Publication Date: 6/30/2006
Citation: Foottit, R.G., Halbert, S.E., Miller, G.L., Maw, E., Russell, L.M. 2006. Adventive aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) of America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 108(3):583-610. Interpretive Summary: Aphid are pests that feed on many of the world’s agriculturally important crops, trees, and ornamental plants. In addition to direct feeding damage, they are one of the most important insects in the role of transmission of plant diseases. This paper identifies those adventive or introduced aphids that are found in America north of Mexico. Pest species that are established in North America represent a substantial impact to U.S. agriculture. The paper identifies principal economic host plants, pest status, date of establishment the U.S. and Canada, and probable origin of the insect. Information is provided about trends of pest introductions from the late 1700’s until present. This paper will be of special interest to quarantine personnel at both the federal and state levels.
Technical Abstract: We provide information on 260 species of aphids that are considered adventive or introduced to America north of Mexico. Included for each species, where applicable, is reference to: the state or province and earliest collection date in which the invader was first discovered; its biogeographical region of origin, its pest status in North America along with a validation citation; and its principal economic hosts. Information is provided about trends of pest introductions and comparisons to other sternorrhynchous insects. In addition, our work establishes the North American aphid fauna at 1,415 species and identifies those adventive species that were heretofore considered present in North America but are doubtful.