Submitted to: Isolation and Identification of Avian Pathogens
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/1/2005
Publication Date: 6/1/2008
Citation: Waltman, W.D., Gast, R.K., Mallinson, E.T. 2008. Salmonellosis. Isolation and Identification of Avian Pathogens, 5th edition. American Association of Avian Pathologists, Jacksonville, FL, pp.3-9.
Technical Abstract: Avian Salmonella infections are important as both a cause of clinical disease in poultry and as a source of food-borne transmission of disease to humans. Host--adapted salmonellae (S. pullorum and S. gallinarum) are responsible for severe systemic diseases, whereas numerous serotypes of non-host-adapted paratyphoid salmonellae are often carried subclinically by poultry and thereby may contaminate poultry products. Crowding, malnutrition, and other stressful conditions as well as unsanitary surroundings can exacerbate mortality and performance losses due to salmonellosis, especially in young birds.