Submitted to: Revista Colombiana de Entomologia
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/11/2004
Publication Date: 1/15/2005
Citation: Norrbom, A.L., Korytkowski, C.A., Gonzalez, F., Orduz, B. 2005. A new species of Anastrepha from Colombia related to Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae). Revista Colombiana de Entomologia. 31:67-70
Interpretive Summary: The family of true fruit flies includes numerous major agricultural pests throughout the world. The majority of species that are pests in the American tropics and subtropics, and that threaten fruit industries in the United States, belong to the genus Anastrepha. One of the most economically important species is the Mexican fruit fly, a major pest of citrus, mango and other crops from the Rio Grande Valley to Panama. In this paper a new species very similar to Mexican fruit fly is described from Colombia. The Mexican fruit fly appears not to occur in Colombia as this new species was misidentifed in the past. Identification tools are provided to distinguish the new species from Mexican fruit fly and other similar species. The ability to recognize these and other pest fruit flies is essential to regulatory agencies such as APHIS-PPQ to prevent their spread.
Technical Abstract: Anastrepha manizaliensis Norrbom & Korytkowski, new species, is described from Colombia. It breeds in fruit of Juglans neotropica Diels (Juglandaceae), commonly known in Colombia as "cedro negro". The new species was previously confused with Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), a major pest of citrus and mango, leading to quarantine problems, but true A. ludens does not occur in Colombia.