Submitted to: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/7/2004
Publication Date: 11/12/2004
Citation: Miller, G.L., Miller, D.R., Oswald, J.D. 2004. Lacewings and scale insects: A review of predator/prey associations between the Neuropterida and Coccoidea. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 97:1103-1125.
Interpretive Summary: Scale insects are pests that feed on many of the world's agriculturally important crops, trees, and ornamental plants. Lacewings are one of the predatory insects that feed on scale insects. This research represents the first compilation where the associations of lacewings and scale insects (predator/prey) associations are presented for a worldwide compilation. This study includes references to 262 lacewing/scale associations. References to the predator/prey associations, principal scale host plants, and biogeographic origin for the scales are provided. This paper will be very helpful in programs where biological control of scale insects is of interest.
Technical Abstract: A world compilation of 262 predator/ prey associations between the Neuropterida and Coccoidea is provided. Included for each species, where applicable, is reference to: family, genus and species of Neuropterida, family, genus and species of Coccoidea, principal scale hosts, and biogeographic origin of the scale. Validation citations for Neuropterida/ Coccoidea associations as well as biogeographical region of scale origin are provided. Information is provided as to trends of most common predator and prey associations as well as frequency of scale origin. This study represents the first extensive study of the associations between the Neuropterida and Coccoidea.