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ARS Home » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #93368


item Russo, Vincent

Submitted to: Pepper National Conference Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/12/1998
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Appetites and usage of vegetables change as new or additional ways to prepare or utilize them are introduced. If used for value added products, or speciality applications, the return to the producer should increase. It is necessary to insure that yields and quality of the crop are optimized to meet new demands. The value of peppers can be increased if they are used in new ways. Cultural methods to maximize yield of various types of peppers have been examined. For bell pepper fertilizer should be applied preplant at rates recommended by soil tests, the best yield will come from an early-season planting, and delaying harvest by 14 days can increase pod size and weight. Without artificial ripening 52% of bell peppers can be harvested red which increases their value. Other types of peppers are used dried or pickled, or components can be extracted for use as spices or oils. For banana and Jalapeno peppers a late summer, rather than a spring, planting improves yield. Increasing fertilizer to 1.5-fold the rate recommended by soil tests increases yields of Jalapeno, but not banana peppers. Increasing fertilizer increases yield of Ancho, Anaheim, Cayenne, Pimento, and Red Cherry peppers by 25%, but reduces the number of red pods by 15%. In Oklahoma peppers can be economically important components of a production system.