Submitted to: Parasitology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/8/1998
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Foodborne parasitic zoonoses remain an important cause of global illness and economic loss (Murrell, 1995; Roberts et al., 1994; WHO, 1984). Of particular importance are toxoplasmosis, cysticercosis and trichinosis, although fishborne parasites are a problem in some regions. The rise in general public concern over food safety has helped to focus more attention on these parasites. Although efforts to control these zoonoses have persisted for quite some time, overall progress has not been satisfactory, even in well-developed countries (WHO 1992). Coincident, however, with the tremendous advances in immunology and molecular biology since the 1970's, the development of valuable new tools for parasite control are offering new opportunities to make great improvements in the control of these parasites. Among these, immunodiagnostic tests and molecular (DNA) probes standout. The application of these techniques has been relatively rapid, and as we stand on the threshold of the new millennium, more effective control strategies and programs are highly likely. This review will highlight these advances in detection technologies for foodborne parasites, their relevance to treatment and control, and the research gaps remaining to be filled before we can fully realize the potential of these tools.