Submitted to: Crop Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/30/1994
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: 'Hyden' pea (navy) bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) (PI 578271) was developed cooperatively by the USDA-ARS and Washington State University. Hyden was jointly released in 1985 by the USDA-ARS, Washington State University,and Oregon State University. Hyden is an F6 selection from 'Aurora'/'Pinto UI- 114'. Hyden was selected in the field for its ability to yield well under stresses of fusarium root rot and drought, as well as under salubrious conditions, in comparison with other small white and pea bean breeding lines and cultivars. It was tested interregionally for 3 years as NW-230 in the cooperative dry bean nurseries, wherein it was among the earliest- maturing and highest-yielding cultivars in its class. Hyden has an upright, open, indeterminate bush-vine growth habit, similar to Aurora, but is shorter and earlier in maturity. Hyden produces long purple-splashed pods set high and concentrated in the middle of the plant; pods mature in 90 to 95 days from planting. It is a unique pea bean in having resistance to both CTV and fusarium root rot, as well as I gene resistance to BCMV. Seeds of Hyden are white, some having a buff pigmentation near the hilum opposite the micropyle. They are uniform in size and in shape, slightly more oblong and flat than standard pea bean. Hyden was found satisfactory in cooking tests and in nutrient composition and sensory evaluations. Breeder and foundation seed are maintained by the Washington State Crop Improvement Assoc., Inc., 114 N. 5th Ave., Yakima, WA 98902-2642. Publ. in Crop Sci. 1995.