Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Government Publication
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/1995
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Management practices of today have evolved over many years under the influence of normal and extreme rainfall patterns that prevail in different parts of the United States. The way we till (or do not till) slopes in the northeast region affects both the amount of rain water that infiltrates into the soil and the availability of water to crops throughout the growing season. Tillage affects the amount of residue from previous crops that remains on the soil surface which, in turn, affects surface crusting, infiltration, runoff, and evaporation. Because soils vary in water holding and transmitting characteristics, residue management practices that enhance water relations on some soils may have adverse effects on others. Therefore, optimum residue management practices vary across the region and, potentially, from field to field within small parts of the region.