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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IDENTIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND BIOLOGY OF EMERGING FOREIGN FUNGAL PLANT PATHOGENS

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Title: Reaction of selected accessions of Aegilops tauschii to wheat blast, 2011)

Author
item Bockus, William
item Cruz, Christian
item Kalia, Bhanu
item Gill, Bikram
item Stack, James
item Pedley, Kerry
item Peterson, Gary
item Valent, Barbara

Submitted to: Plant Disease
Publication Type: Abstract only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/5/2011
Publication Date: 3/30/2012
Publication URL: DOI:10.1094/PDMR06
Citation: Bockus, W.W., Cruz, C.D., Kalia, B., Gill, B.S., Stack, J.P., Pedley, K.F., Peterson, G.L., Valent, B. 2012. Reaction of selected accessions of Aegilops tauschii to wheat blast, 2011. Plant Disease. DOI: 10.1094/PDMR06.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The wheat pathotype of M. oryzae is not known to occur outside of South America. To prepare for possible introduction into the U.S., it is important to search for sources of resistance including resistance in relatives of wheat. Ten accessions of the D genome progenitor of wheat, Ae. tauschii, and two check winter wheat cultivars were vernalized and grown in the greenhouse. The wheat cultivars were Jagalene (resistant) and Everest (susceptible). The monosporic Brazilian isolate T-25 of M. oryzae (Triticumpathotype) was used for evaluation. This isolate was originally collected from wheat Tapejara at Sao Jorge do Ivai, Parana, in January, 1988. Severe disease occurred on the susceptible check wheat cultivar Everest indicating high levels of disease pressure. Two accessions of Ae. tauschii had wheat blast phenotypes statistically similar to Everest. However, three accessions were statistically similar to the resistance check Jagalene. They were accessions from Azergaijan, Tajikistan, and Armenia. Therefore, high levels of resistance to wheat blast occur in some accessions of Ae. tauschii. Whether these accessions contain gene(s) that are different from those present in hexaploid wheat needs further investigation.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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