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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: The genome of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca))

Author
item Shulaev, Vladimir
item Sargent, Daniel
item Crowhurst, Ross
item Mockler, Todd
item Veilleux, Richard
item Folkerts , Otto
item Delcher, Arthur
item Jaiswal, Pankaj
item Lister , Aaron
item Mane, Shrinivasrao
item Burns, Paul
item Mockaitis , Keithanne
item Davis, Thomas
item Slovin, Janet
item Bassil, Nahla
item Hellens, Roger
item Evans, Clive
item Jensen, Roderick
item Allen, Andrew
item Michael, Todd
item Setubal , Joao
item Celton, Jean-marc
item Rees, D. jasper
item Williams, Kelly
item Holt, Sarah
item Dickerman, Allan
item Ruiz-rojas, Juan
item Chatterjee, Mithu
item Liu, Bo
item Silva, Herman
item Meisel, Lee
item Adavo, Avital
item Filichkin, Sergei
item Velasco, Riccardo
item Troggio, Michela
item Viola, Roberto
item Borodovsky, Mark
item Ashman, Tia-lynn
item Aharoni, Asaph
item Bennetzen, Jeffrey
item Dharmawardhana, Palitha
item Elser , Justin
item Raja, Rajan
item Priest , Henry
item Bryant, jr., Douglas
item Fox , Samuel
item Givan , Scott
item Naithani, Sushma
item Christoffels, Alan
item Salama, David
item Carter, Jade
item Girona, Elena
item Zdepski, Anna
item Wang, Wenqin
item Kerstetter, Randall
item Salzberg, Steven
item Schwab, Wilfried
item Korban, Schuyler
item Davik, Jahn
item Monfort, Amparo
item Denoyes-rothan, Beatrice
item Arus, Pere
item Mittler , Ron
item Flinn, Barry
item Folta, Kevin

Submitted to: Nature Genetics
Publication Type: Peer reviewed journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/2/2010
Publication Date: 12/26/2010
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/61451
Citation: Shulaev, V., Sargent, D., Crowhurst, R.N., Mockler, T., Veilleux, R., Folkerts , O., Delcher, A., Jaiswal, P., Lister , A., Mane, S., Burns, P., Mockaitis , K., Davis, T., Slovin, J.P., Bassil, N.V., Hellens, R., Evans, C., Jensen, R., Allen, A., Michael, T., Setubal , J.C., Celton, J., Rees, D., Williams, K., Holt, S., Dickerman, A., Ruiz-Rojas, J., Chatterjee, M., Liu, B., Silva, H., Meisel, L., Adavo, A., Filichkin, S., Velasco, R., Troggio, M., Viola, R., Borodovsky, M., Ashman, T., Aharoni, A., Bennetzen, J., Dharmawardhana, P., Elser , J., Raja, R., Priest , H., Bryant, Jr., D., Fox , S., Givan , S., Naithani, S., Christoffels, A., Salama, D., Carter, J., Girona, E., Zdepski, A., Wang, W., Kerstetter, R., Salzberg, S., Schwab, W., Korban, S., Davik, J., Monfort, A., Denoyes-Rothan, B., Arus, P., Mittler , R., Flinn, B., Folta, K. 2010. The genome of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca). Nature Genetics. 43:109-116.

Interpretive Summary: New information on the genetic makeup of strawberry is needed to speed progress in developing new improved strawberries. The commercially grown strawberry, Fragaria ananassa, has eight copies of each chromosome and as a result, is difficult to do genetic studies with. The small woodland strawberry, Fragaria vesca, has only two of each type of chromosome and hence is easier to use for laboratory studies. We used the woodland strawberry to determine the DNA code, or sequence, for each of the genes in the strawberry in order to make it easier to breed new disease resistant varieties that have nutritious, attractive, and delicious fruit. As part of an international group of scientists, we used the most modern technology to obtain the sequence of all the DNA of the woodland strawberry. The DNA sequence is a useful tool for researchers working to discover the function of genes from all kinds of strawberries, and from important horticultural crops such as apples and peaches, which are related to strawberry.

Technical Abstract: The woodland strawberry, Fragaria vesca (2n=2x=14) is a versatile experimental plant system. This diminutive herbaceous perennial has a small genome (206Mb), is amenable to genetic transformation, and shares substantial sequence identity with the cultivated strawberry (F. × ananassa) as well as other economically important members of the Rosaceae family. The F. vesca genome has been sequenced to 39× coverage exclusively using second-generation technology and de novo assembly. Anchorage to the genetic linkage map assembles the genome into seven pseudochromosomes. Gene prediction modeling identified 34,809 genes, with the vast majority supported by transcriptome mapping. Genes critical to valuable horticultural traits such as flavor, nutritional value and flowering time are identified. Macro-syntenic relationships between Fragaria and Prunus permit reconstruction of a hypothetical ancestral Rosaceae genome having nine chromosomes. Inclusion of Fragaria sequence in a phylogenetic analysis of 154 protein-coding genes indicates that Populus should be reassigned from Fabidae to Malvidae. This work was performed by an open-access community effort with no central funding source.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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