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Title: Progress report on a contemporary survey of the Fusarium wilt fungus in the United States

item Bennett, Rebecca
item HOLMES, ELIZABETH - University Of California
item DAVIS, R. MICHAEL - University Of California
item COLYER, PATRICK - Louisiana State Experiment Station
item LAWRENCE, KATHRYN - Auburn University
item WOODWARD, JASON - Texas A&M University
item Bell, Alois - Al
item LAWRENCE, GARY - Mississippi State University
item ROTHROCK, CRAIG - University Of Arkansas
item WRIGHT, ROBERT - Texas Tech University

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/8/2009
Publication Date: 4/29/2010
Citation: Bennett, R., Holmes, E.A., Davis, R., Colyer, P.D., Lawrence, K.S., Woodward, J.E., Bell, A.A., Lawrence, G.W., Rothrock, C.S., Wright, R.J. 2010. Progress report on a contemporary survey of the Fusarium wilt fungus in the United States. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 4 to 7, 2010. p. 219.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The last survey of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum in the U.S. was conducted in 1985. Since that time, race 4, previously thought to occur only in Asia, appeared in California in 2001, causing significant problems for the San Joaquin Valley cotton industry. Also, the presence of race 8 has been confirmed in California, Arkansas, Louisiana, Georgia, and Missouri, and race 3 was found in California and Louisiana. In addition to new distributions of known races, four novel genotypes of the pathogen were recently reported from a small sample of isolates collected from Arkansas and Georgia. These developments point to the need for a current and comprehensive survey of the Fusarium wilt pathogen. We initiated a multi-state collaboration to characterize the F. oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum population in the United States, and present a progress report on preliminary samples from Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Texas that have been screened with sequences of the translation elongation factor gene.