Submitted to: Biofuels, Bioproducts, & Biorefining (Biofpr)
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/19/2008
Publication Date: 6/12/2008
Citation: Qureshi, N., Ezeji, T.C. 2008. Butanol (a superior biofuel) production from agricultural residues (renewable biomass): Recent progress in technology. Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining. 2:319-330.
Technical Abstract: This article reviews bioconversion of plant materials such as wheat straw (WS), corn stover (CS), barley straw (BS), and switchgrass (SG) to butanol and process technology that converts these materials into this superior biofuel. Successful fermentation of low value WS makes butanol fermentation economically attractive. Simultaneous hydrolysis, fermentation, and product recovery has been successfully performed in a single reactor using WS and Clostridium beijerinckii P260. Research on the production of butanol from other agricultural residues including CS, BS, and SG has steadily progressed. Use of several product recovery technologies such as liquid-liquid extraction, gas stripping, perstraction, and pervaporation has been successfully applied in laboratory scale bioreactors. It is expected that these recovery technologies will play a major role in commercialization of this fermentation. By employing in-line/in-situ product recovery systems during butanol fermentation, substrate inhibition (due to high concentration of carbon source) and butanol toxicity to the culture have been drastically reduced. In addition to the use of low cost plant materials for the production of this biofuel, process integration is expected to play a major role in the economics of this product.