Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/1/2008
Publication Date: 8/1/2008
Citation: Nghiem, N.P. 2008. Biofuel feedstocks. Book Chapter 4 in Biofuels Engineering Process Technology, by C. M. Drapcho, N. P. Nghiem, and T. H. Walker, p. 67-104.
Technical Abstract: There are many forms of feedstocks for biofuel production. Animal manures and municipal solid wastes have been used to generate methane for on-farm and municipality energy uses. Fuel ethanol has been produced commercially using plant-derived starch and sugar feedstocks. Technologies for production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass and biodiesel from seed and algal oils have been developed and tested at various scales up to semi-commercial demonstration plants. This chapter will discuss the characteristics of feedstocks relevant to biofuel production and their availability in the U.S. and other regions of the world where data are available.