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Title: THE FLUIDITY OF CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY CELL AND BULL SPERM MEMBRANES AFTER CHOLESTEROL ADDITION

Author
item Purdy, Phil
item FOX, MICHAEL
item GRAHAM, JAMES

Submitted to: Cryobiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/20/2005
Publication Date: 7/1/2005
Citation: Purdy, P.H., Fox, M.H., Graham, J.K. 2005. The fluidity of chinese hamster ovary cell and bull sperm membranes after cholesterol addition. Cryobiology. 51:102-112.

Interpretive Summary: Cell plasma membrane fluidity is affected by membrane lipid and protein composition as well as temperature. Altering the cholesterol content of a membrane can change membrane fluidity at different temperatures and this may affect cell survival during cryopreservation. In these experiments, we examined the effect that adding cholesterol to the membranes of Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) and bull sperm had on cell plasma membrane fluidity and cell survival when cells were cooled to 5°C or were cryopreserved. Cells were treated with 0, 1.5 or 5.0mg of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin (CLC) and stained with fluorescent probes prior to analysis by flow cytometry. CHO cells exhibited a single cell population with all cells having similar membrane fluidity. CHO cell membrane fluidity did not change when temperature was reduced, but adding cholesterol to the cells induced membranes to become more rigid. Bull sperm samples consisted of two cell subpopulations, one having relatively higher membrane fluidity than the other. Cells possessing the highest membrane fluidity did not survive cooling or cryopreservation efficiently. CLC treatment did not significantly alter membrane fluidity at any temperature tested, but did maintain higher percentages of spermatozoa surviving cooling to 5°C and cryopreservation. In conclusion, cholesterol treatment resulted in detectable membrane fluidity changes in CHO cells and increased survival of bull sperm after cooling to 5°C and after cryopreservation.

Technical Abstract: Cell plasma membrane fluidity is affected by membrane lipid and protein composition as well as temperature. Altering the cholesterol content of a membrane can change membrane fluidity at different temperatures and this may affect cell survival during cryopreservation. In these experiments, we examined the effect that adding cholesterol to the membranes of Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) and bull sperm had on cell plasma membrane fluidity and cell survival when cells were cooled to 5°C or were cryopreserved. Cells were treated with 0, 1.5 or 5.0mg of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin (CLC), stained with N-((4-(6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatrienyl) phenyl) propyl) trimethylammonium p-toluenesulfonate (TMAP-DPH) to evaluate membrane fluidity and with propidium iodide to evaluate cell viability, prior to analysis by flow cytometry at 23°C, 5°C and after cryopreservation. CHO cells exhibited a single cell population with all cells having similar membrane fluidity. Membrane fluidity did not change when temperature was reduced (P>0.05), however, adding cholesterol to the cells induced membranes to become more rigid (P<0.05). Bull sperm samples consisted of two cell subpopulations, one having relatively higher membrane fluidity than the other, regardless of cholesterol treatment or temperature. In addition, cells possessing the highest membrane fluidity did not survive cooling or cryopreservation efficiently. CLC treatment did not significantly alter membrane fluidity at any temperature tested, but did maintain higher percentages of spermatozoa surviving cooling to 5°C and cryopreservation (P<0.05). In conclusion, cholesterol treatment resulted in detectable membrane fluidity changes in CHO cells and increased survival of bull sperm after cooling to 5°C and after cryopreservation.