Submitted to: Campylobacter Helicobacter and Related Organisms International Workshop
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/13/2005
Publication Date: 9/4/2005
Citation: Hiett, K.L., Callicott, K., Stern, N.J., Seal, B.S., Kuntz, R.L., Hardardottir, H., Kristinsson, K., Fridriksdottir, V., Gunnarsson, E., Reiersen, J., Lowman, R. 2005. Genotype analysis of campylobacter spp. recovered from human disease and animals other than broiler chickens in iceland (2001-2004). Campylobacter Helicobacter and Related Organisms International Workshop. A 33, P. 12. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Campylobacter spp. are presently believed to be the leading bacterial etiological agent of acute gastroenteritis among human populations in the developing world. In an effort to better understand the transmission of Campylobacter spp. to humans, random sampling was performed in Iceland (March 2001-March 2004) on fecal droppings from agricultural animals, other than broiler chickens, and from wild birds. Additionally, Campylobacter spp. recovered from all domestically acquired human campylobacteriosis cases during the sampling period were obtained. Isolates were subtyped using flaA short variable region (SVR) DNA sequence analysis and compared to determine relatedness. Approximately one-hundred ninety isolates from agricultural animals (sheep, egg layers, turkeys, geese and ducks), fifty-two isolates from wild birds, and one-hundred isolates from humans were analyzed respectively. Subtype analyses of Campylobacter spp. recovered from agricultural animals and wild birds revealed a diversity of types. The relative importance of different sources for Campylobacter spp. transmission through the closed system of Iceland is currently being determined.