Submitted to: Proceedings of Methyl Bromide Alternatives Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/9/2001
Publication Date: 11/9/2001
Citation: Yates, S.R., Dungan, R.S., Papiernik, S.K. 2001. Predicting pathogen control from soil fumigation. Proceedings of 2001 Annual International Research Conference on Methyl Bromide Alternatives and Emissions Reductions. Nov. 5-9, 2001. San Diego, CA Paper No. 19. pp: 19-1 to 9-13.
Technical Abstract: Over the last five decades, agricultural producers have relied heavily on fumigation to control soil-borne pests. In the current search for replacements for methyl bromide (MeBr), chemical alternatives appear to be an integral part of the short-term solution. The future use of fumigants must become more efficient and have fewer negative environmental impacts, or they too will become susceptible to adverse environmental regulation. After 2005, only a few registered chemical fumigants will remain: 1,3- dichloropropene (1,3-D or Telone), chloropicrin, and methyl isothiocyanate (MITC) and two under considered for registration: methyl iodide and propargyl bromide. This is a significant reduction in available materials compared to earlier years and demonstrates that all fumigants share intrinsic properties that cause environmental problems. This has lead to a research project to develop tools that allow the prediction of the pathogen ncontrol and total emissions after soil fumigation. The project involves th development of a mathematical model to describe fumigant movement and pathogen control.