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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: SELF-REPORTED HEALTH STATUS OF RESIDENTS OF THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI DELTA OF ARKANSAS, LOUISIANA, AND MISSISSIPPI)

Author
item Casey, Patrick
item Horton, Jacqueline
item Bogle, Margaret
item Fomby, Betty
item Forsythe, William
item Goolsby, Susan
item Gossett, Jeff
item Kramer, Tim
item Neal-hyman, Edith

Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/5/2001
Publication Date: 4/20/2002
Citation:

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The rural Mississippi Delta has a large minority, impoverished population at high risk for health problems. Because it is underrepresented in national surveys, a telephone survey of a sample of the Delta of AR, LA, and MS was conducted to describe their health status. Using a two stage stratified cluster-sampling plan of the 36 targeted counties, a sample of 3,455 households were available and 2,162 participated, including 1,751 adults and 485 children. Adults self-reported weight, height, presence of chronic conditions; and the SF12 rated physical and mental health. Results were compared to national 1994-1996, 1998 CSFII. High cholesterol (17.6 vs 14.0%), diabetes (10.8 vs 5.6%), and hypertension (33.2 vs 20%) were significantly higher than the national sample. Obesity (27.9 vs 16.2%) was strikingly higher in all children's age groups and twice as prevalent in adults (33.9 vs 17.3%). Adults in the Delta scored lower on the physical scale but higher on the mental scale compared to the national SF12 sample. Given the high prevalence of self-reported health problems in the lower Mississippi Delta, a public health crisis appears to exist in this region.

Last Modified: 8/24/2016
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