Submitted to: Agricultural Meteorology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/15/2000
Publication Date: 3/4/2000
Interpretive Summary: The importance for climate and agrometeorological data in the operational needs for agricultural producers, researchers, and agricultural weather and crop forecasters are gaining attentions in domestic and the international research community. Databases have been developed in most countries although there are still some countries where there is a need for establishing accessible databases. Modernization of data acquisition, processing and archiving is a costly proposition but steps need to be taken, to ensure that such data are archived in a standardized manner. This paper outlines the current methods of data collection and data base establishment. It is also recommended that remote sensing data be included as part of the data base. Computer technologies are advancing rapidly, there are a vast number of technological solutions available. It is hoped that this paper exposes the readers to some of the key elements that should dbe considered in designing and implementing a computerized climate information delivery system. An example for a conceptual data base management system adapted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is presented. Databases in the U.S. have been upgraded for access through the world wide web, and include data archived from other countries that have cooperative programs with U.S. institutions
Technical Abstract: The major concerns for the availability of climate and agrometeorological data as we move into the 21st century continue to be in areas of data collection and data base management. New technologies have advanced our ability to address these issues but the solutions may require the commitment of resources that may yet be outside the reach of developing countries. This paper will attempt to review new and existing technologies in the areas of data collection methods emphasizing on remote sensing methods. An example for a conceptual data base management system adapted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture is presented as a framework for the acquisition, maintenance and distribution of climate and agrometeorological data for the 21st century. The access of data to the national and international community can be resolved with the standardization of data base management and electronic accessibility. Databases in the U.S. have been upgraded for access through the world wide web, and include data archived from other countries that have cooperative programs with U.S. institutions. The operational needs of agricultural producers, researchers, and agricultural weather and crop forecasters are the focus of this paper although it also serves some of the needs of the international research.