Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/1/1999
Publication Date: 3/10/2000
Citation: Gasbarre, L.C., Padihla, T. 2000. Future Agricultural Research (in portuguese). Book Chapter, pp 20-23.
Technical Abstract: Agriculture production has traditionally been concerned with increasing productivity and/or profitability, but is now undergoing a profound shift because of changes in society in general, requiring production to be oriented more towards consumer needs. For livestock production this new paradigm requires the development of practices that address human health, the environment, and the health and well being of production animals. In this context, new programs to control diseases in animals must reduce or eliminate transmission of infection to animals, and decrease the use of chemotherapeutics. The integration of new control programs into production systems will have a great impact on animal health management at the farm, and must be concerned with reduction of pathogen contamination in the pre- harvest phase. The shift from clinical diagnosis and therapy to preventive animal health care directed by risk and cost/benefit analysis will change the practice of food animal medicine. It will require expansion and continual update of epidemiological information on disease agents by veterinarians in order to advise food chain and individual livestock farmers in the selection of particular programs and provide continuous guidance and updates. The development of new programs requires joint efforts between basic and applied studies in genome analysis (host and pathogen), immunology, molecular diagnostics and epidemiology. The development and strengthening of these research areas requires scientists with strong backgrounds in immunology, molecular genetics, molecular biology and epidemiology. Partnerships among research institutions, regulatory agencies and stakeholder associations will aid the development and establishment of strategies to meet these goals.