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ARS Home » Plains Area » Manhattan, Kansas » Center for Grain and Animal Health Research » Grain Quality and Structure Research » Research » Research Project #442970

Research Project: Impacts of Single Kernel NIR Sorting on Hard Winter Wheat Quality, Flour Functionality and Applications

Location: Grain Quality and Structure Research

Project Number: 3020-44000-027-005-S
Project Type: Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement

Start Date: Sep 1, 2022
End Date: Aug 31, 2023

Objective:
Using single kernel NIR sorting technology to study the impact of sorting on milling, flour quality and application functionality of the sorted hard winter wheat portions

Approach:
Collaborate with hard winter wheat breeders to obtain wheat samples of representative varieties each year for the research; Establish NIR calibration models for wheat protein and wheat starch contents and sort wheat kernels into portions with designated property traits; Study the milling quality of sorted portions (flour yield, protein, ash content, Farinograph, etc.); Study the characteristics of proteins in the flours from the sorted portions; Study the characteristics of starch in the flours from the sorted portions (rheology properties, RVA, DSC, amylose/amylopectin features); Explore the baking applications for each flour type based on their physical and chemical properties and study their performance in different food applications (cake, cookies, bread, noodle, or other products).