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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Sustainable Perennial Crops Laboratory » Research » Research Project #426238

Research Project: Sustainable Production Systems for Cacao

Location: Sustainable Perennial Crops Laboratory

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Cacao agroforestry management systems effects on soil fungi diversity in the Peruvian Amazon Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arevalo-Gardini, E., Canto, J., Alegre, J., Loli, O., Julca, A., Baligar, V.C. 2020. Cacao agroforestry management systems effects on soil fungi diversity in the Peruvian Amazon. Ecological Indicators. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106404.

Impact of soils and cropping systems on biochemical attributes of dry cacao beans - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Araujo, Q.R., Loureiro, G.A., Rohsius, C., Baligar, V.C. 2018. Impact of soils and cropping systems on biochemical attributes of dry cacao beans. Agrotropica: Revista de Agricultura dos Tropicos Umidos. 30(3):175-194.

Cacao quality index for cacao agroecosystems in Bahia, Brazil Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Araujo, Q.R., Loureiro, G.A., Baligar, V.C., Ahnert, D., Valle, R.R., Faria, J.C. 2019. Cacao quality index for cacao agroecosystems in Bahia, Brazil. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1080/10942912.2019.1675691.

Soil quality index for cacao cropping systems - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Araujo, Q.R., Ahnert, D., Loureiro, G.A., Faria, J.C., Fernandes, C.A., Baligar, V.C. 2018. Soil quality index for cacao cropping systems. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 64:1892-1909.

Path analysis of phenotypic traits in young cacao plants under drought conditions - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Santos, E.A., Almeida, A.F., Branco, M.C., Santos, I.C., Ahnert, D., Baligar, V.C., Valle, R.R. 2018. Path analysis of phenotypic traits in young cacao plants under drought conditions. PLoS One. 13(2):1-16.

Variability and correlation of physical attributes of soils cultivated with cacao trees in two climate zones in southern Bahia, Brazil Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arevalo-Hernandez, C.O., Conceicao, P.F., Souza, J.O., Queiroz, P.A., Baligar, V.C. 2017. Variability and correlation of physical attributes of soils cultivated with cacao trees in two climate zones in southern Bahia, Brazil. Agroforestry Systems. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-017-0176-4.

Impact of drought on morphological, physiological and nutrient use efficiency of elite cacao genotypes from Bahia-Brazil, Tarapoto-Peru and Puerto Rico-USA - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Baligar, V.C., Almeida, A.A., Ahner, D., Pires, J.L., Arevalo-Gardini, Goenaga, R.J., He, Z., Elson, M.K. 2018. Impact of drought on morphological, physiological and nutrient use efficiency of elite cacao genotypes from Bahia-Brazil, Tarapoto-Peru and Puerto Rico-USA. Symposium Proceedings. 87:1-11.

Heavy metal accumulations in cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) leaves and cocoa beans grown at three main cacao growing regions of Peru - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arevalo-Gardini, E., Arevalo-Hernandez, C., Baligar, V.C., He, Z. 2017. Heavy metal accumulations in cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) leaves and cocoa beans grown at three main cacao growing regions of Peru. Science of the Total Environment. 17(2):410-428.

Impact of soils and cropping systems on composition of mineral elements of dry cacao beans - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Araujo, Q., Loureiro, G., Baligar, V.C., Comerford, N., Souza, J.O. 2017. Impact of soils and cropping systems on composition of mineral elements of dry cacao beans. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 17(2):410-428.

Molecular and morphophysiological responses cocoa leaves with different concentrations of anthocyanin to variations in light levels - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Araujo, R.P., Almeida, A.F., Barroso, J.P., Oliveira, R.A., Gomes, F.P., Ahnert, D., Baligar, V.C. 2017. Molecular and morphophysiological responses cocoa leaves with different concentrations of anthocyanin to variations in light levels. Horticulture Scientia. 224:188-197.

Impact of drought on morphological, physiological and nutrient use efficiency of elite Cacao genotypes from Bahia-Brazil, Tarapoto-Peru and Puerto Rico-USA - (Abstract Only)

Photosynthetic, antioxidative, molecular and ultrastructural responses of young cacao plants to Cd toxicity in the soil Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Romaria, A., Pereira, L.S., Pereira, L.S., Mangabeira, P.A., Souza, J.O., Ahnert, D., Baligar, V.C. 2017. Photosynthetic, antioxidative, molecular and ultrastructural responses of young cacao plants to Cd toxicity in the soil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.06.006.

Morphological and physiological responses of plants to cadmium toxicity: A review - (Review Article)
He, S., Yang, X., He, Z., Baligar, V.C. 2017. Morphological and physiological responses of plants to cadmium toxicity: A review. Pedosphere. 27(3):421–438.

Ambient and elevated carbon dioxide on growth, physiological and nutrient uptake parameters of perennial leguminous cover crops under low light intensities - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Baligar, V.C., Elson, M.K., He, Z.L., Li, Y.C., Paiva, A.D., Ahnert, D., Fageria, N.K. 2017. Ambient and elevated carbon dioxide on growth, physiological and nutrient uptake parameters of perennial leguminous cover crops under low light intensities. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science. 15:1-16.

Breeding and cacao productivity in Brazil (in portuguese) (melhoramento genético e produtividade do cacaueiro no brasil) - (Book / Chapter)
Ahnert, D., Melohellen, L., Santos Francisca, F.J., Lima, L., Baligar, V.C. 2018. Breeding and cacao productivity in Brazil (in portuguese) (melhoramento genético e produtividade do cacaueiro no brasil). In: Souze Junior, J.O., editor. Cocoa: cultivation, research and innovation. Ilheus, Bahia, Brazil: Editus. p.151-181.

Influence of low light intensity and soil flooding on cacao physiology - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Silva Branco, M.C., Almeida, A.A., Dalmolin, A.C., Ahnert, D., Baligar, V.C. 2017. Influence of low light intensity and soil flooding on cacao physiology. Scientia Horticulturae. 217:243-257.

Atributos físicos do solo para a cultura do cacaueiro [Physical attributes of soil for the culture of cacao] (In Portuguese) - (Book / Chapter)
Paiva, A.Q., Arevalo-Hernandez, C.O., Baligar, V.C., Fernandes, R.B. 2018. Atributos físicos do solo para a cultura do cacaueiro [Physical attributes of soil for the culture of cacao] (In Portuguese). In: Souza Junior, J.O. Cocoa: Cultivation, Research and Innovation, Ilheus, Bahia, Brazil: Editus. p. 215-233.

Heavy metals in soils of cocoa plantation (Theobroma cacao L.) - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arevalo-Guardini, E., Cerpa, M., Cernades, L., Baligar, V.C., He, Z. 2016. Heavy metals in soils of cocoa plantation (Theobroma cacao L.). Journal of Applied Ecology. 15:81-89.

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production - (Book / Chapter)
Fageria, N.K., He, Z., Baligar, V.C. 2017. Phosphorus Management in Crop Production. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, Complete Book. 374 p.

Diallel analysis and growth parameters as selection tools for drought tolerance in young Theobroma cacao plants - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Santos, E.A., Almeida, A.A., Ahnert, D., White, M.C., Valle, R.R., Baligar, V.C. 2016. Diallel analysis and growth parameters as selection tools for drought tolerance in young Theobroma cacao plants. PLoS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160647.

Soil physical and chemical properties of cacao farms in the south western region of cameroon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nkengafac, N., Baligar, V.C. 2016. Soil physical and chemical properties of cacao farms in the south western region of cameroon. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science. 16:1-10.

Evaluation of soil amendments as a remediation alternative for cadmium contaminated soils under cacao plantations - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chavez, E., He, Z.L., Stoffella, P., Mylavarapu, R., Li, Y., Baligar, V.C. 2016. Evaluation of soil amendments as a remediation alternative for cadmium contaminated soils under cacao plantations. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 23:17571-17580.

Chemical speciation of cadmium: an approach to evaluate plant-available cadmium in Ecuadorian soils under cacao production Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chavez, E., He, H.E., Stoffella, P.J., Baligar, V.C. 2016. Chemical speciation of cadmium: an approach to evaluate plant-available cadmium in Ecuadorian soils under cacao production. Geoderma. 150:57-62.

Concentration of Cadmium in Cacao Beans and its Relationship with Soil Cadmium in Southern Ecuador Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Chavez, E., He, H.E., Stoffella, P.J., Mylavarapu, R.S., Li, Y.C., Moyano, B., Baligar, V.C. 2015. Concentration of Cadmium in Cacao Beans and its Relationship with Soil Cadmium in Southern Ecuador. Science of the Total Environment. 533:205-214.

Soil biogeochemistry, plant physiology and phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated soils - (Book / Chapter)
He, S., He, Z., Yang, X., Stoffella, P., Baligar, V.C. 2015. Soil biogeochemistry, plant physiology and phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated soils. Advances in Agronomy. 134:134-225.

Changes in soil physical and chemical properties in long term improved natural and traditional agroforestry management systems of cacao genotypes in Peruvian Amazon Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arevalo, E., Canto, M., Alegre, J., Loli, O., Julica, A., Baligar, V.C. 2015. Changes in soil physical and chemical properties in long term improved natural and traditional agroforestry management systems of cacao genotypes in Peruvian Amazon. PLoS One. 10(7):1-29.

Growth and nutrition of cacao seedlings influenced by zinc application in soil Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cruz Neto, R.O., Souza Junior, J.O., Sodre, G.A., Baligar, V.C. 2016. Growth and nutrition of cacao seedlings influenced by zinc application in soil. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura. 37:1053-1064.

Macro and micro nutrient uptake parameters and use efficiency in cacao genotypes influenced by deficient to excess levels of soil K Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Li, Y., Elson, M.K., Zhang, D., He, Z., Sicher Jr, R.C., Baligar, V.C. 2015. Macro and micro nutrient uptake parameters and use efficiency in cacao genotypes influenced by deficient to excess levels of soil K. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science. 7:80-90.

Nitrogen forms and levels influence on growth and nutrition of cacao - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Baligar, V.C., Fageria, N.K. 2017. Nitrogen forms and levels influence on growth and nutrition of cacao. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 40:709-718.

Zinc requirements of tropical legume cover crops Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fageria, N.K., Baligar, V.C., Elson, M.K. 2014. Zinc requirements of tropical legume cover crops. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 5:1721-1732.