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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Determining Influence of Microbial, Feed, and Animal Factors on Efficiency of Nutrient Utilization and Performance in Lactating Dairy Cows

Location: Cell Wall Biology and Utilization Research

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)

Transient changes in milk production efficiency and bacterial community composition resulting from near-total exchange of ruminal contents between high- and low-efficiency Holstein cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Effects of xanthosine in isoform switch and splice variants of expressed genes in mammary epithelial cells - (Abstract Only)

Effects of xanthosine on gene expression of mammary epithelial cells using RNA sequencing of goat milk fat globules - (Abstract Only)

Effect of experimental design and protein substitution strategy on the outcome of feeding different levels of protein in primiparous dairy cows - (Abstract Only)

Feeding rumen-protected methionine pre- and post-partum increases milk protein content and yield in early lactation - (Abstract Only)

Fermentation of model hemicelluloses by Prevotella strains and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens in pure culture and in ruminal enrichment cultures - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Emerson, E.L., Weimer, P.J. 2017. Fermentation of model hemicelluloses by Prevotella strains and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens in pure culture and in ruminal enrichment cultures. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 101:4269-4278.

Short Communication: Glucose kinetics in dairy heifers limit-fed a low- or high-forage ration at four levels of nitrogen intake - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Nitrogen source and concentration affect utilization of glucose by mixed ruminal microbes in vitro - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M. 2017. Nitrogen source and concentration affect utilization of glucose by mixed ruminal microbes in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science. 100:2739-2750.

Opportunities and challenges of applying recent advances in dairy cattle protein nutrition to beef cattle nutrition - (Proceedings)
Zanton, G.I. 2017. Opportunities and challenges of applying recent advances in dairy cattle protein nutrition to beef cattle nutrition. In: Proceedings of American Society of Animal Science Southern Section Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Franklin, Tennessee. p. 59-60.

Protein and amino acid nutrition - (Book / Chapter)

Balancing rations to optimize milk components - (Proceedings)
Zanton, G.I. 2016. Balancing rations to optimize milk components. In: Proceedings of the Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop, November 9-10, 2016, Grantville, Pennsylvania. p. 49-54.

Amino acid nutrition beyond methionine and lysine for milk protein - (Proceedings)
Zanton, G.I. 2016. Amino acid nutrition beyond methionine and lysine for milk protein. In: Proceedings of the Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop November 9-10, 2016, Grantville, Pennsylvania. p. 105-112.

Exploiting long read sequencing technologies to establish high quality highly contiguous pig reference genome assemblies - (Abstract Only)
Warr, A., Hall, R., Kim, K., Tseng, E., Koren, S., Phillippy, A.M., Bickhart, D.M., Rosen, B.D., Schroeder, S.G., Hume, D.A., Talbot, R., Rund, L., Schook, L.B., Chow, W., Howe, K., Nonneman, D.J., Rohrer, G.A., Putnam, N., Green, E., Watson, M., Smith, T.P., Archibald, A.L. 2017. Exploiting long read sequencing technologies to establish high quality highly contiguous pig reference genome assemblies [abstract]. Plant and Animal Genome Conference XX, January 14-18, 2017, San Diego, California. Paper No. 25025.

Effect of experimental design on production responses in high-producing dairy cows fed two levels of metabolizable protein - (Abstract Only)
Zanton, G.I. 2016. Effect of experimental design on production responses in high-producing dairy cows fed two levels of metabolizable protein [abstract]. Annual Meeting of American Dairy Science Association, July 19-23, 2016, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on ruminal digestion, and omasal nutrient flow in lactating dairy cows - (Abstract Only)
Paula, E.M., Danes, M.A., Lobos, N.E., Drago, F.L., Zanton, G.I., Broderick, G., Faciola, A.P. 2016. Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on ruminal digestion, and omasal nutrient flow in lactating dairy cows [abstract]. Annual Meeting of American Dairy Science Association, July 19-23, 2016, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on nitrogen metabolism and total tract digestibility in lactating dairy cows - (Abstract Only)
Paula, E.M., Danes, M.A., Lobos, N.E., Zanton, G.I., Broderick, G.A., Faciola, A.P. 2016. Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on nitrogen metabolism and total tract digestibility in lactating dairy cows [abstract]. Annual Meeting of American Dairy Science Association, July 19-23, 2016, Salt Lake City, Utah.

The effects on digestibility and ruminal measures of chemically treated corn stover as a partial replacement for grain in dairy diets Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Cook, D.E., Combs, D.K., Doane, P.H., Cecava, M.J., Hall, M. 2016. The effects on digestibility and ruminal measures of chemically treated corn stover as a partial replacement for grain in dairy diets. Journal of Dairy Science. 99:6342-6351.

Should we feed animals to feed people? An optimization-based evaluation of environmental, economic, and health aspects of human diets in the United States - (Abstract Only)
White, R.R., Hall, M. 2016. Should we feed animals to feed people? An optimization-based evaluation of environmental, economic, and health aspects of human diets in the United States [abstract]. 5th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, September 12-15, 2016, Krakow, Poland. p. 10-26.

Analysis of production responses to changing crude protein levels in lactating dairy cow diets when evaluated in continuous or change-over experimental designs Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zanton, G.I. 2016. Analysis of production responses to changing crude protein levels in lactating dairy cow diets when evaluated in continuous or change-over experimental designs. Journal of Dairy Science. 99:4398-4410.

Impacts of ruminal microorganisms on the production of fuels: how can we intercede from the outside? Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Weimer, P.J., Kohn, R.A. 2016. Impacts of ruminal microorganisms on the production of fuels: how can we intercede from the outside? Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 100:3389–3398.

Efficiency and rumen responses in younger and older Holstein heifers limit-fed diets of differing energy density Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Zanton, G.I., Heinrichs, A.J. 2016. Efficiency and rumen responses in younger and older Holstein heifers limit-fed diets of differing energy density. Journal of Dairy Science. 99:2825-2836.

Technical note: A method for isolating glycogen granules from ruminal protozoa for further characterization Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M. 2016. Technical note: A method for isolating glycogen granules from ruminal protozoa for further characterization. Journal of Dairy Science. 99:1956-1958.

Divergent utilization patterns of grass fructan, inulin, and other nonfiber carbohydrates by ruminal microbes Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M., Weimer, P.J. 2016. Divergent utilization patterns of grass fructan, inulin, and other nonfiber carbohydrates by ruminal microbes. Journal of Dairy Science. 99:245-257.

Comparison of methods for glycogen analysis of in vitro fermentation pellets produced with strained ruminal inoculum Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M., Hatfield, R.D. 2015. Comparison of methods for glycogen analysis of in vitro fermentation pellets produced with strained ruminal inoculum. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 118:147-151.

Diet specialization selects for an unusual and simplified gut microbiota in two- and three-toed sloths Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Dill-McFarland, K., Weimer, P.J., Pauli, J.N., Peery, M.Z., Suen, G. 2016. Diet specialization selects for an unusual and simplified gut microbiota in two- and three-toed sloths. Environmental Microbiology. 18(5):1391-1402.

Redox mediators modify end product distribution in biomass fermentations by mixed ruminal microbes in vitro Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Nerdahl, M., Weimer, P.J. 2015. Redox mediators modify end product distribution in biomass fermentations by mixed ruminal microbes in vitro. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Express (AMB Express). DOI: 1186/s13568-015-0130-7.

The effects of hybrid relative maturity on corn stover for ethanol production and biomass composition Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Wilkens, S., Weimer, P.J., Lauer, J.G. 2015. The effects of hybrid relative maturity on corn stover for ethanol production and biomass composition. Agronomy Journal. 107(6):2303-2311.

Effects of ruminal dosing of Holstein cows with Megasphaera elsdenii on milk fat production, ruminal chemistry, and bacterial strain persistence Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Weimer, P.J., Cabral, L., Cacite, F. 2015. Effects of ruminal dosing of Holstein cows with Megasphaera elsdenii on milk fat production, ruminal chemistry, and bacterial strain persistence. Journal of Dairy Science. 98:8078-8092.

Ruminal bacterial community composition in dairy cows is dynamic over the course of two lactations and correlates with feed efficiency Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Jewell, K.A., McCormick, C., Odt, C.L., Weimer, P.J., Suen, G. 2015. Ruminal bacterial community composition in dairy cows is dynamic over the course of two lactations and correlates with feed efficiency. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 81:4697-4710.

Replacing dietary soybean meal with canola meal improves production and efficiency of lactating dairy cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Broderick, G.A., Faciola, A.P., Armentano, L.E. 2015. Replacing dietary soybean meal with canola meal improves production and efficiency of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-9563.

Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on performance of lactating dairy cows - (Abstract Only)
Paula, E.M., Danes, M.A., Lobos, N.E., Zanton, G.I., Broderick, G.A., Faciola, A.P. 2015. Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on performance of lactating dairy cows [abstract]. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(suppl 2):387.

Time required for adaptation of protein metabolism - (Abstract Only)
Zanton, G.I. 2015. Time required for adaptation of protein metabolism [abstract]. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(suppl 2):312.

Redundancy, resiliency, and host specificity of the ruminal microbiota: Implications for engineering improved ruminal fermentations - (Peer Reviewed Journal)

Total volatile fatty acid concentrations are unreliable estimators of treatment effects on ruminal fermentation in vivo Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M., Nennich, T.D., Doane, P.H., Brink, G.E. 2015. Total volatile fatty acid concentrations are unreliable estimators of treatment effects on ruminal fermentation in vivo. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(6):3988-3999.

Effect of variable water intake as mediated by dietary potassium carbonate supplementation on rumen dynamics in lactating dairy cows Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Fraley, S.E., Hall, M., Nennich, T.D. 2015. Effect of variable water intake as mediated by dietary potassium carbonate supplementation on rumen dynamics in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 98(5):3247–3256.

Determination of dietary starch in animal feeds and pet food by an enzymatic-colorimetric method: collaborative study Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M. 2015. Determination of dietary starch in animal feeds and pet food by an enzymatic-colorimetric method: collaborative study. Journal of Association of Official Analytical Chemists International. 98:397-409.

Bacterial communities in the rumen of Holstein heifers differ when fed orchardgrass as pasture versus hay Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Mohammed, R., Brink, G.E., Stevenson, D.M., Neumann, A.P., Beauchemin, K., Suen, G., Weimer, P.J. 2014. Bacterial communities in the rumen of Holstein heifers differ when fed orchardgrass as pasture versus hay. Frontiers in Microbiology. 5:689. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00689.

Production of medium-chain volatile fatty acids by mixed ruminal microorganisms is enhanced by ethanol in co-culture with Clostridium kluyveri Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Weimer, P.J., Nerdahl, M., Brandl, D.J. 2015. Production of medium-chain volatile fatty acids by mixed ruminal microorganisms is enhanced by ethanol in co-culture with Clostridium kluyveri. Bioresource Technology. 175:97-101.

Selection of an empirical detection method for determination of water-soluble carbohydrates in feedstuffs for application in ruminant nutrition Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M. 2014. Selection of an empirical detection method for determination of water-soluble carbohydrates in feedstuffs for application in ruminant nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 198:28-37.

Role of the ruminal microbiome in the production and composition of milk - (Proceedings)
Weimer, P.J. 2014. Role of the ruminal microbiome in the production and composition of milk. In: Proceedings of Primera Conferencia de Gases de Efecto Invernadero en Sistemas Agropecuarios de Latinoamerica (GALA), September 30-October 3, 2014, Osorno, Chile. p. 33-40.

Corn bran versus corn grain at 2 levels of forage: Intake, apparent digestibility, and production responses by lactating dairy cows - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Arndt, C., Armentano, L.E., Hall, M. 2014. Corn bran versus corn grain at 2 levels of forage: Intake, apparent digestibility, and production responses by lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 97:5676–5687.

Feed analyses and their interpretation - (Book / Chapter)
Hall, M. 2014. Feed analyses and their interpretation. In: Van Saun, R.J., editor. Veterinary Clinics: Food Animal Practice. Volume 30. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. p. 487-505.

Feeding, evaluating, and controlling rumen function - (Book / Chapter)
Lean, I.J., Golder, H.M., Hall, M. 2014. Feeding, evaluating, and controlling rumen function. In: Van Saun, R.J., editor. Veterinary Clinics: Food Animal Practice. Volume 30. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. p. 539-575.

Responses of late-lactation cows to forage substitutes in low-forage diets supplemented with by-products Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M., Chase, L.E. 2014. Responses of late-lactation cows to forage substitutes in low-forage diets supplemented with by-products. Journal of Dairy Science. 97:3042-3052.

Carbohydrate and fat: considerations for energy and more Reprint Icon - (Peer Reviewed Journal)
Hall, M., Eastridge, M.L. 2014. Carbohydrate and fat: considerations for energy and more. Professional Animal Scientist. 30:140-149.

Last Modified: 05/24/2017
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