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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania » Eastern Regional Research Center » Biobased and Other Animal Co-products Research » People & Locations » Rafael Garcia

Rafael A Garcia
Biobased and Other Animal Co-products Research
Chemical Engineer

Phone: (215) 836-3743 ext. 3743
Fax: (215) 233-6795
Room 2202.3

600 EAST MERMAID LANE
ERRC
WYNDMOOR , PA 19038
Projects
Commercial Flocculants from Low-Value Animal Protein
In-House Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 428661
Artificial Bait Optimization for Landscape-scale Brown Treesnake Suppression
Interagency Reimbursable Agreement (I)
  Accession Number: 435048

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Effect of long term cold storage and microwave extraction time on the physical and chemical properties of citrus pectins -
Fishman, M., Chau, H.K., Hotchkiss, A.T., Garcia, R.A., Cooke, P.H., White, A.K. 2019. Effect of long term cold storage and microwave extraction time on the physical and chemical properties of citrus pectins. Food Hydrocolloids. 92:104-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2018.12.047.
Chemical and Enzymatic Protein Cross-Linking To Improve Flocculant Properties -
Essandoh, M., Garcia, R.A., Nieman, C.M. 2018. Chemical and Enzymatic Protein Cross-Linking To Improve Flocculant Properties . ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 6(10)12946-12952. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b02395.
Efficient removal of dyes from aqueous solutions using a novel hemoglobin/iron oxide composite -
Essandoh, M., Garcia, R.A. 2018. Efficient removal of dyes from aqueous solutions using a novel hemoglobin/iron oxide composite. Chemosphere. 206:502-512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.04.182.
Practical Limitations of the Dilute Acid Hydrolysis Method for Solubilizing Meat and Bone Meal Protein -
Essandoh, M., Garcia, R.A., Nieman, C.M., Bumanlag, L.P., Piazza, G.J., Zhang, C. 2017. Practical Limitations of the Dilute Acid Hydrolysis Method for Solubilizing Meat and Bone Meal Protein. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 5(12):11652-11659.
Removal of straw lignin from spent pulping liquor using synthetic cationic and biobased flocculants Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Lora, J., Wayman, L.I., Garcia, R.A. 2017. Removal of straw lignin from spent pulping liquor using synthetic cationic and biobased flocculants. Separation and Purification Technology. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2017.07.042.
The relationship between extent of hemoglobin purification and the performance characteristics of a blood-based flocculant -
Garcia, R.A., Bumanlag, L.P., Piazza, G.J. 2017. The relationship between extent of hemoglobin purification and the performance characteristics of a blood-based flocculant. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 97(14):4822-4826. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8352.
Solubilization of meat & bone meal protein by dilute acid hydrolysis for the production of bio-based flocculant -
Zhang, C., Garcia, R.A., Piazza, G.J. 2017. Solubilization of meat & bone meal protein by dilute acid hydrolysis for the production of bio-based flocculant. Journal of Food and Bioproducts Processing. 102:362-366.
Methylation of hemoglobin to enhance flocculant performance -
Essandoh, M., Garcia, R.A., Strahan, G.D. 2017. Methylation of hemoglobin to enhance flocculant performance. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology. doi: 10.1002/jctb.5197.
Flocculation of wheat straw soda lignin by hemoglobin and chicken blood: Effects of cationic polymer or calcium chloride Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Lora, J., Garcia, R.A. 2016. Flocculation of wheat straw soda lignin by hemoglobin and chicken blood: Effects of cationic polymer or calcium chloride. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology. doi: 10.1002/jctb.5061.
Properties of starch-polyglutamic acid (PGA) graft copolymer prepared by microwave irradiation - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and rheology studies Reprint Icon -
Xu, J., Solaiman, D., Ashby, R.D., Garcia, R.A., Gordon, S.H., Harry-O'kuru, R.E. 2016. Properties of starch-polyglutamic acid (PGA) graft copolymer prepared by microwave irradiation - Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and rheology studies. Starch 68:1-7. doi: 10.1002/star.201600021.
The effect of chicken blood and its components on wastewater characteristics and sewage surcharges -
Garcia, R.A., Nieman, C.M., Haylock, R.A., Rosentrater, K.A., Piazza, G.J. 2016. The effect of chicken blood and its components on wastewater characteristics and sewage surcharges. Poultry Science. 95(8):1950-1956. doi: 10.3382/ps/pew114.
Preparation of starch-poly-glutamic acid graft copolymers by microwave irradiation and the characterization of their properties Reprint Icon -
Xu, J., Krietemeyer, E.F., Finkenstadt, V.L., Solaiman, D., Ashby, R.D., Garcia, R.A. 2016. Preparation of starch-poly-glutamic acid graft copolymers by microwave irradiation and the characterization of their properties. Carbohydrate Polymers. 140:233-237.
Development of artificial bait for brown treesnake suppression -
Kimball, B., Stelting, S., Mcauliffe, T., Stahl, R., Garcia, R.A., Pitt, W. 2016. Development of artificial bait for brown treesnake suppression. Biological Invasions. 18:359–369.
Recovery of wheat straw soda lignin using flocculation by proteins, synthetic flocculants, and a metal coagulant -
Piazza, G.J., Lora, J., Garcia, R.A. 2015. Recovery of wheat straw soda lignin using flocculation by proteins, synthetic flocculants, and a metal coagulant. Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy. 9(4):447-455. DOI: 10.1166/jbmb.2015.1542.
Characterization of the global structure of low methoxyl pectin in solution Reprint Icon -
Fishman, M., Chau, H.K., Qi, P.X., Hotchkiss, A.T., Garcia, R.A., Cooke, P.H. 2015. Characterization of the global structure of low methoxyl pectin in solution. Food Hydrocolloids Journal. 46:153-159. DOI 10.10.1016/j.foodhyd.2014.12.021.
Biobased flocculants derived from animal processing protein by-products Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Garcia, R.A. 2016. Biobased flocculants derived from animal processing protein by-products. In: Dhillon, G. Protein Byproducts. Canada: Elsevier. p. 135-146. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-802391-4.00008-2.
Ultrasonic processing for recovery of chicken erythrocyte hemoglobin Reprint Icon -
Garcia, R.A., Clevenstine, S.M., Piazza, G.J. 2015. Ultrasonic processing for recovery of chicken erythrocyte hemoglobin. Journal of Food and Bioproducts Processing. 94:1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.fbp.2014.12.002.
Application of the elusieve process to the classification of meat and bone meal particles Reprint Icon -
Garcia, R.A., Piazza, G.J. 2015. Application of the elusieve process to the classification of meat and bone meal particles. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 31(1):165-170. DOI: 10.13031/aea.31.10410.
Structural and thermal stability of beta-lactoglobulin as a result of interacting with sugar beet pectin Reprint Icon -
Qi, P.X., Wickham, E.D., Garcia, R.A. 2014. Structural and thermal stability of beta-lactoglobulin as a result of interacting with sugar beet pectin. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 62(30):7567-7576. DOI: 10.1021/jf502699g.
Flocculation of kaolin and lignin by bovine blood and hemoglobin Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Lora, J., Garcia, R.A. 2014. Flocculation of kaolin and lignin by bovine blood and hemoglobin. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology. 90:1419-1425. DOI: 10.1002/jctb.4443.
Poultry blood preservation and the impact of preservation on flocculant activity Reprint Icon -
Garcia, R.A., Stein, S.D., Piazza, G.J. 2014. Poultry blood preservation and the impact of preservation on flocculant activity. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 30(3):445-453. DOI: 10.13031/aea.30.10436.
Design of a laboratory method for rapid evaluation of experimental flocculants -
Garcia, R.A., Riner, S.A., Piazza, G.J. 2013. Design of a laboratory method for rapid evaluation of experimental flocculants. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 53(2):880-886.
Flocculation of high purity wheat straw soda lignin Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Lora, J., Garcia, R.A. 2014. Flocculation of high purity wheat straw soda lignin. Bioresource Technology. 152:548-551. DOI: org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.11.040.
Proteolysis of meat and bone meal to increase utilisation Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Garcia, R.A. 2013. Proteolysis of meat and bone meal to increase utilisation. Animal Production Science. 54:200-206. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN13041.
Improved prediction of meat and bone meal metabolizable energy content for ducks through in vitro methods -
Garcia, R.A., Phillips, J.G., Adeola, O. 2012. Improved prediction of meat and bone meal metabolizable energy content for ducks through in vitro methods. Poultry Science. 91:1854-1859.
Identification of highly active flocculant proteins in bovine blood Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Nunez, A., Garcia, R.A. 2012. Identification of highly active flocculant proteins in bovine blood. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 166(5):1203-1214.
Non-feed application of rendered animal proteins for microbial production of eicosapentaenoic acid by the fungus Pythium irregulare Reprint Icon -
Liang, Y., Garcia, R.A., Piazza, G.J., Wen, Z. 2011. Non-feed application of rendered animal proteins for microbial production of eicosapentaenoic acid by the fungus Pythium irregulare. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59(22):11990-11996.
Effects of pretanning processes on bovine hide collagen structure Reprint Icon -
Brown, E.M., Latona, R.J., Taylor, M.M., Garcia, R.A. 2012. Effects of pretanning processes on bovine hide collagen structure. Journal of American Leather Chemists Association. 107(1):1-7.
Fractionation of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) through a narrowing of particle size distribution followed by aspiration -
Garcia, R.A., Rosentrater, K.A. 2012. Fractionation of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) through a narrowing of particle size distribution followed by aspiration. Food and Bioprocess Technology. 5:2623-2629.
A renewable flocculant from a poultry slaughterhouse waste and preliminary estimate of production costs Reprint Icon -
Piazza, G.J., Garcia, R.A., Mcaloon, A.J. 2011. A renewable flocculant from a poultry slaughterhouse waste and preliminary estimate of production costs. Resources Conservation and Recycling. 55:842-848.
Rendered-protein hydrolysates for microbial synthesis of cyanophycin biopolymer Reprint Icon -
Solaiman, D., Garcia, R.A., Ashby, R.D., Piazza, G.J., Steinbuchel, A. 2011. Rendered-protein hydrolysates for microbial synthesis of cyanophycin biopolymer. New Biotechnology. 28(6):552-558.
Hydrolysis of animal protein meals for improved utility in non-feed applications -
Garcia, R.A., Pyle, D.J., Piazza, G.J., Wen, Z. 2011. Hydrolysis of animal protein meals for improved utility in non-feed applications. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 27(2):269-275.
Proteins and peptides as renewable flocculants -
Piazza, G.J., Garcia, R.A. 2010. Proteins and peptides as renewable flocculants. Bioresource Technology. 101(15):5759-5766.
The non-nutritional performance characteristics of peptones made from rendered protein -
Garcia, R.A., Piazza, G.J., Wen, Z., Pyle, D.J., Solaiman, D. 2010. The non-nutritional performance characteristics of peptones made from rendered protein. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 37:95-102.
Characterizing wool keratin -
Cardamone, J.M., Nunez, A., Garcia, R.A., Ramos, M. 2009. Characterizing wool keratin. Research Letters in Materials Science. 2009(5). Available: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/rlms/2009/147175.abs.html.
Meat & bone meal extract and gelatin as renewable flocculants -
Piazza, G.J., Garcia, R.A. 2009. Meat & bone meal extract and gelatin as renewable flocculants. Bioresource Technology. 101:781-787.
Use of biodiesel-derived crude glycerol for producing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) by the fungus pythium irregulare -
Athalye, S.K., Garcia, R.A., Wen, Z. 2009. Use of Biodiesel-Derived Crude Glycerol for Producing Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) by the Fungus Pythium irregulare. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 57(7):2739-2744.
Physical distribution and characteristics of meat & bone meal protein -
Garcia, R.A., Phillips, J.G. 2009. Physical distribution and characteristics of meat & bone meal protein. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 89(2):329-336.
Prion infected Meat-and-Bone Meal is still infectious after biodiesel production -
Bruederle, C.E., Hnasko, R.M., Kraemer, T., Garcia, R.A., Haas, M.J., Marmer, W.N., Carter, J.M. 2008. Prion infected Meat-and-Bone Meal is still Infectious After Biodiesel Production. PLoS One 3(8): e2969. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002969.
Government scientists find new uses for rendered fat and protein -
Garcia, R.A., Solaiman, D. 2008. Government scientists find new uses for rendered fat and protein. Render Magazine. 37(3):16-17.
Producing Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)-Rich Algae from Biodiesel-Derived Crude Glycerol: Effects of Impurities on DHA Production and Algal Biomass Composition -
Pyle, D.J., Garcia, R.A., Wen, Z. 2008. Producing Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)-Rich Algae from Biodiesel-Derived Crude Glycerol: Effects of Impurities on DHA Production and Algal Biomass Composition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56(1):3933-3939.
Concentration of Key Elements in North American Meat & Bone Meal -
Garcia, R.A., Rosentrater, K.A. 2008. Concentration of Key Elements in North American Meat & Bone Meal. Biomass and Bioenergy. 32(9):887-891.
New Uses for Rendered Protein -
Garcia, R.A. 2007. New Uses for Rendered Protein. Inform. 18:637-638.
Diffusion of Protease into Meat & Bone Meal for Solubility Improvement and Potential Inactivation of the BSE Prion -
Diffusion of Protease into Meat & Bone Meal for Solubility Improvement and Potential Inactivation of the BSE Prion -
Diffusion of Protease into Meat & Bone Meal for Solubility Improvement and Potential Inactivation of the BSE Prion -
Coll, B., Garcia, R.A., Marmer, W.N. 2007. Diffusion of Protease into Meat & Bone Meal for Solubility Improvement and Potential Inactivation of the BSE Prion. PLoS ONE. 2(2):e245.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE POOR BULK BEHAVIOR OF MEAT & BONE MEAL AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING THESE BEHAVIORS -
Garcia, R.A., Flores, R.A., Mazenko, C.E. 2007. Factors contributing to the poor bulk behavior of meat & bone meal and methods for improving these behaviors. Bioresource Technology. 98(15):2852-2858.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH AMERICAN MEAT & BONE MEAL RELEVANT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-FEED APPLICATIONS -
Garcia, R.A., Rosentrater, K.A., Flores, R.A. 2006. Characteristics of North American meat & bone meal relevant to the development of non-feed applications. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 22(5):729-736.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH AMERICAN MEAT & BONE MEAL RELEVANT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-FEED APPLICATIONS -
Garcia, R.A., Rosentrater, K.A., Flores, R.A. 2006. Characteristics of north american meat & bone meal relevant to the development of non-feed applications. Proceedings of the Annual International Meeting, American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Paper No. 066158.
CHARACTERISTICS OF NORTH AMERICAN MEAT & BONE MEAL RELEVANT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-FEED APPLICATIONS -
Garcia, R.A., Rosentrater, K.A., Flores, R.A. 2006. Characteristics of north american meat & bone meal relevant to the development of non-feed applications [abstract]. The American Society of Agricultural Engineers Annual International Meeting. Paper No. 066158.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE POOR BULK BEHAVIOR OF MEAT & BONE MEAL AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING THESE BEHAVIORS -
Garcia, R.A., Flores, R.A., Mazenko, C.E. 2005. Factors contributing to the poor bulk behavior of meat & bone meal and methods for improving these behaviors. Proceedings of ASAE Annual International Meeting. Paper No. 88985.
RENDERED PRODUCTS IN THE AGE OF TSE'S: II. RESEARCH ON ALTERNATIVE APPLICATIONS -
Marmer, W.N., Garcia, R.A. 2005. Rendered products in the age of TSE's: II. Research on alternative applications [abstract]. World Congress International Society for Fat Research. p. 9.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE POOR FLOW PROPERTIES OF MEAT & BONE MEAL AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING THESE PROPERTIES -
USE OF AN ASPIRATOR TO SEPARATE MEAT & BONE MEAL INTO HIGH ASH AND HIGH PROTEIN STREAMS -
Garcia, R.A., Flores, R.A., Phillips, J.G. 2005. Use of an aspirator to separate meat & bone meal into high ash and high protein streams. Transactions of the ASAE. 48(2):703-708.
THE PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL FUEL FROM MEAT AND BONE MEAL -
Coll, B.A., Haas, M.J., Garcia, R.A., Marmer, W.N. 2004. The production of biodiesel fuel from meat and bone meal [abstract]. American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting. p. 46.
USE OF AN ASPIRATOR TO IMPROVE MEAT & BONE MEAL FOR NON-EDIBLE APPLICATIONS -
Garcia, R.A., Flores, R.A., Tunick, M.H. 2004. Use of an aspirator to improve meat & bone meal for non-edible applications [abstract]. 228th American Chemical Society National Meeting. Paper No. CELL091.
WATER-PLASTICIZATION OF EXTRUDED MATERIAL MADE FROM MEAT AND BONE MEAL AND SODIUM CASEINATE -
Garcia, R.A., Onwulata, C.I., Ashby, R.D. 2004. Water-plasticization of extruded material made from meat and bone meal and sodium caseinate. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 52(12):3776-3779.
EXTRUDED PLASTIC MATERIAL MADE FROM MEAT AND BONE MEAL AND SODIUM CASEINATE IS PLASTICIZED BY WATER -
Garcia, R.A., Onwulata, C.I., Ashby, R.D. 2004. Extruded material made from meat and bone meal and sodium caseinate is plasticized by water [abstract]. 227th American Chemical Society National Meeting. Paper No. AGFD0010.