Location: Sugarbeet and Potato ResearchTitle: Parallel comparison of functional and physicochemical properties of common pulse proteins
|TANG, XIAO - Kansas State University|
|SHEN, YANTING - Kansas State University|
|ZHANG, YIQIN - Kansas State University|
|SCHILLING, M WES - Mississippi State University|
|LI, YONGHUI - Kansas State University|
Submitted to: LWT - Food Science and Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/23/2021
Publication Date: 5/5/2021
Citation: Tang, X., Shen, Y., Zhang, Y., Schilling, M., Li, Y. 2021. Parallel comparison of functional and physicochemical properties of common pulse proteins. LWT - Food Science and Technology. 146. Article 111594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2021.111594.
Interpretive Summary: The demand for more functional plant-based proteins has increased, both from food processors and consumers. However, more information is needed on the functional possibilities of these proteins in different food applications. The objective of this study was to provide a systematic understanding of the functional properties, physical features, and chemical attributes of protein isolates extracted from common pulses, including chickpea, pigeon pea, lentil, and yellow pea. A range of functional and nutritional characteristics were determined on each of these proteins. This study provides a useful inventory of information that will assist food manufacturers in selecting appropriate protein sources to achieve more desirable functional applications in new food products, thereby meeting the demands of health-conscious consumers.
Technical Abstract: The demand for more functional plant-based proteins has greatly increased. The objective of this study was to provide a systematic understanding of the functional properties and physicochemical features of protein isolates extracted from common pulses. Chickpea protein (ChPI) was much less soluble compared to other extracted proteins. Pigeon pea protein (PiPI) and lab extracted soybean protein (SPI) possessed excellent emulsification capacity and stability of 0.71–0.73 and 0.70–0.71 cm/cm, respectively. Most proteins had foaming capacities greater than 1.20 mL/mL, except for ChPI. Lentil protein (LPI-W), pea protein, and PiPI showed greater water absorption capacity of 4.9, 3.5, and 3.6 g/g than other proteins and good oil absorption capacity. Pigeon pea protein had the greatest gelation capacity, with a least gelation concentration of 80 g/L. ChPI had a higher thermal denaturation peak temperature (169 °C) than the other proteins (145–154 °C). Commercial SPI was much less functional compared to the lab extracted SPI, which was due to intensive protein denaturation during commercial processing. The amino acid profiles, SDS-PAGE patterns, secondary structure composition, and relative surface hydrophobicity were analyzed to help elucidate the functional features. This study provides useful information in selecting appropriate protein sources to achieve more desirable functional applications.