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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Sugarbeet and Potato Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #386044

Research Project: Pulse Crop Health Initiative

Location: Sugarbeet and Potato Research

Title: Development and optimization of a reversed-phase HPLC method to separate pulse proteins

item TAGHVAEI, MOSTAFA - University Of Idaho
item SMITH, BRENNAN - University Of Idaho

Submitted to: Journal of Food Analytical Methods
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/10/2020
Publication Date: 5/19/2020
Citation: Taghvaei, M., Smith, B. 2020. Development and optimization of a reversed-phase HPLC method to separate pulse proteins. Journal of Food Analytical Methods. 13:1482-1491.

Interpretive Summary: Pulses, such as chickpea, lentil, yellow and green pea, and dry beans are gaining popularity in North America due to consumer demand for plant-based proteins. These pulse foods are being used as ingredients in many food applications, but new methods are needed to characterize these proteins for various functional traits that are appropriate for different food formulations. In this work, a high-performance method was developed to effectively separate proteins from pulse sources, allowing further analysis and characterization of individual proteins. The method also can be used to quantify individual and total proteins in pulse flours. This method will benefit pulse breeders wishing to enhance the levels of certain protein fractions in new varieties and food manufacturers who wish to develop new pulse-based food formulations that will meet consumer preferences.

Technical Abstract: Due to the demand for new sources of non-GMO and allergen-free plant proteins in food formulations that have not previously existed, there is a growing need for analytical methods to characterize these proteins. A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was developed and optimized to separate the proteins from yellow pea, lentil, chickpea, great northern beans, and a commercial pea protein isolate. A response surface methodology (RSM) model was used for final method optimization. The optimized separation conditions were 0.089% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in water (mobile phase A) and acetonitrile (mobile phase B) with a gradient of 20% B to 30% B for 10 min, 30% B to 39% B for 20 min, 39% B to 60% B for 10 min, and keeping 60% B for the last 5 min of the run. The optimized sample concentration was 12.8 mg/mL, using a C18 column at 55.5 °C. These conditions for yellow pea sample resulted in a good resolution (116 peaks with model predictability of 0.96) and high recovery (106% recovery with model predictability of 0.92). It was shown that the optimized method has great potential to be used for quantitation of total protein content in pulse samples using pea protein isolate as a standard (R2 of 0.9985 for the standard curve), and values obtained using this method were comparable with those obtained through nitrogen combustion.