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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BHNRC) » Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center » Food Surveys Research Group » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #352884

Research Project: What We Eat in America - Dietary Survey: Data Collection, Interpretation, Dissemination, and Methodology

Location: Food Surveys Research Group

Title: 2013-2014 Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies Items Designated as Fortified

Author
item Martin, Carrie
item Sattgast, Lara - American Society For Nutrition
item Moshfegh, Alanna

Submitted to: Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group
Publication Type: Research Technical Update
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/15/2018
Publication Date: 5/16/2018
Citation: Martin, C.L., Sattgast, L.H., Moshfegh, A.J. 2018. 2013-2014 Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies Items Designated as Fortified. Worldwide Web Site: Food Surveys Research Group. Available: www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=12068.

Interpretive Summary: The Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS) is a database of foods and beverages that provides the nutrient content for items consumed in the national dietary survey, What We Eat in America (WWEIA), a component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). FNDDS 2013-2014 includes 8,536 foods and beverages. Values for food energy and 64 other nutrients are provided for each item. The U.S. food supply contains a variety of products, both foods and beverages, which have added nutrients. “Fortified” nutrients are considered those nutrients added to a product in amounts that do not occur naturally. An example of a commonly fortified food is ready-to-eat breakfast cereal. These cereals frequently have added vitamins and minerals. The file of Items Designated as Fortified in FNDDS 2013-2014 identifies foods and beverages within the FNDDS with one or more fortified nutrients. Within the file of Items Designated as Fortified in FNDDS 2013-2014, foods and beverages were designated as one of three fortification identifiers: unfortified, fortified, or containing fortified ingredients. This designation is dependent upon the underlying development of the nutrients, reflects items as consumed, and is not necessarily representative of all different types of brands of an item in FNDDS. A total of 4,048 items were designated as unfortified, 1,439 items designated as fortified, and 3,039 items designated as containing fortified ingredients. The file of Items Designated as Fortified in FNDDS 2013-2014 is available for download in Excel® at http://www.ars.usda.gov/nea/bhnrc/fsrg and may be used in research utilizing dietary data from WWEIA, NHANES 2013-2014 or in other dietary studies.

Technical Abstract: The Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS) is used to convert food and beverages consumed in What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (WWEIA, NHANES) into gram amounts and determine their nutrient values. The file of Items Designated as Fortified in FNDDS 2013-2014 identifies foods and beverages with one or more fortified nutrients. Designation of foods and beverages as a fortified product or product containing fortified ingredients was first included in FNDDS 2011-2012. This designation has also been developed for FNDDS 2013-2014. Foods and beverages were designated as one of three fortification identifiers: unfortified, fortified, or containing fortified ingredients. This designation is dependent upon the basis of the nutrient profile, reflects items as consumed, and is not necessarily representative of all different types of brands of an item in FNDDS. “Fortified” nutrients are considered those nutrients, vitamins or minerals, added to the product, in amounts which do not occur naturally. FNDDS 2013-2014 includes 8,536 items. A total of 4,048 items were designated as unfortified, 1,439 items designated as fortified, and 3,039 items designated as containing fortified ingredients. Items Designated as Fortified in FNDDS 2013-2014 is available at http://www.ars.usda.gov/nea/bhnrc/fsrg.