|Cox, Nelson - Nac|
|HARRISON, MARK - University Of Georgia|
|WILSON, JENNA - University Of Georgia|
|Buhr, Richard - Jeff|
|CRAY, PAULA - Former ARS Employee|
Submitted to: Journal of Applied Poultry Research
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/29/2015
Publication Date: 8/1/2015
Citation: Cosby, D.E., Cox Jr, N.A., Harrison, M.A., Wilson, J., Buhr, R.J., Cray, P.F. 2015. Salmonella and antimicrobial resistance in broilers: A Review. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 24(3):408-426.
Technical Abstract: Salmonella enterica is a zoonotic pathogen which can readily pass from animal to man through the consumption of contaminated food. The prevalence of Salmonella enterica associated with poultry and poultry meat products has been well documented and this prevalence has both public health and economic implications. The estimated total cost for non-typhoidal Salmonella is in excess of 14 billion dollars a year in the United States, alone. Almost 41,930 cases of non-typhoidal foodborne salmonellosis are confirmed annually with an estimated total number of one million cases of foodborne salmonellosis but not reported. The emergence of antimicrobial resistant Salmonella recovered from meat products has heightened concerns regarding antimicrobial use in food animal production. This review will cover the history of Salmonella enterica; Salmonella in poultry and poultry products; colonization factors; transmission; detection and characterization; antibiotics; antimicrobial resistance; mechanisms of resistance in Salmonella by class; transmission of antimicrobial resistance; and the global implications of antimicrobial resistance.