Location: Corn, Soybean and Wheat Quality ResearchTitle: Solvent retention capacity (SRC) testing of wheat flour: Principles and value in predicting flour functionality in different wheat-based food processes and in wheat breeding—a review Author
Submitted to: Cereal Chemistry
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/2/2011
Publication Date: 10/15/2011
Citation: Kweon, M., Slade, L., Levine, H. 2011. Solvent retention capacity (SRC) testing of wheat flour: Principles and value in predicting flour functionality in different wheat-based food processes and in wheat breeding—a review. Cereal Chemistry. 88(6):537-552. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Solvent retention capacity (SRC) technology, its history, principles, and applications are reviewed. Originally, SRC testing was created and developed for evaluating soft wheat flour functionality, but it has also been shown to be applicable to evaluating flour functionality for hard wheat products. SRC is a solvation test for flours that is based on the exaggerated swelling behavior of component polymer networks in se- lected individual diagnostic solvents. SRC provides a measure of solvent compatibility for the three functional polymeric components of flour— gluten, damaged starch, and pentosans—which in turn enables prediction of the functional contribution of each of these flour components to overall flour functionality and resulting finished-product quality. The pattern of flour SRC values for the four diagnostic SRC solvents (water, dilute aqueous lactic acid, dilute aqueous sodium carbonate, and concentrated aqueous sucrose solutions), rather than any single individual SRC value, has been shown to be critical to various successful end-use applications. Moreover, a new predictive SRC parameter, the gluten performance index (GPI), defined as GPI = lactic acid/(sodium carbonate + sucrose) SRC values, has been found to be an even better predictor of the overall per- formance of flour glutenin in the environment of other modulating networks of flour polymers. SRC technology is a unique diagnostic tool for predicting flour functionality, and its applications in soft wheat breed- ing, milling, and baking are increasing markedly as a consequence of many successful, recently published demonstrations of its extraordinary power and scope.