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Title: Effective early-generation selection for rice resistant to kernel fissuring to hasten breeding efforts

item Pinson, Shannon
item GIBBONS, JAMES - Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station
item Jia, Yulin

Submitted to: Rice Utilization Workshop Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/1/2009
Publication Date: 3/12/2009
Citation: Pinson, S.R., Gibbons, J.W., Jia, Y. 2009. Effective early-generation selection for rice resistant to kernel fissuring to hasten breeding efforts. Rice Utilization Workshop Proceedings.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Any reduction in milling yield will directly result in financial losses for both producers and millers because whole rice kernels have two to three times more market value than brokens. One of the leading causes of reduced milling yield is exposure of the rice kernels to severe moisture changes before or after harvest which causes them to fissure. ‘Cypress’, a southern U.S.A. rice cultivar released in 1993, is known for its resistance to kernel fissuring. This cultivar is not widely grown today, having been replaced with cultivars having higher yield potential and disease resistance. While breeders would like to incorporate Cypress’ fissure resistance into improved cultivars, their efforts are limited due to a lack of methods for identifying and selecting for fissure-resistance in early breeding generations. A laboratory method wherein small samples of seed are evaluated for fissure rates after controlled rewetting has proven to reliably identify fissure resistance among pure-breeding material grown in several replicated environments. This study investigated how effective the technique is as an F2 selection tool. Seed from 300 unreplicated Cypress/LaGrue F2 plants was evaluated for resistance to induced fissuring. The 10% most resistant (R), and 10% most susceptible (S) progeny were selected for planting into F3 panicle rows in 2007. F3’s were planted in two locations (TX and AR), two replications per location. Fissure resistance measured on seed harvested from five individual plants per F3 row showed significant differences between the mean and distribution of the R and S populations. The average fissuring rate among the R selections was 20%, while the S selections averaged 35% fissuring. This is the first report ever of successful early generation selection for fissure resistance. The efficacy of selection in the F3 generation is the focus of further study.