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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Charles A Mullen
Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research
Chemistry

Phone: (215) 836-6916
Fax: (215) 233-6406
Room 3202.3

USDA,REE,ARS,NAA,ERRC
600 E MERMAID LANE
ERRC
WYNDMOOR , PA 190388598

Projects
Farm-Scale Pyrolysis Biorefining
In-House Appropriated (D)
  Accession Number: 427799
DISTRIBUTED ON-FARM BIOENERGY, BIOFUELS AND BIOCHEMICALS (FARMBIO3) DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION VIA INTEGRATED CATALYTIC THERMOLYSIS
Interagency Reimbursable Agreement (I)
  Accession Number: 423790
Catalytic conversion of biomass residues - lignocelulosic and acidic vegetable oil to produce biofuel precursors, chemical and co-products w
Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 424364
Biomass Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals via the Pyrolysis Platform and Related Applications
Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 427479
Biomass Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals via the Pyrolysis Platform and Related Applications with African Institute of Science and Technology
Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 427722
Biomass Conversion via the Pyrolysis Platform and Related Applications with Central Queensland University
Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 428438
Catalytic Co-Pyrolysis of Biomass and Crustacean Residues for Biofuels and Chemicals with Federal Rural University of Pemambuco (UFRPE)
Non-Funded Cooperative Agreement (N)
  Accession Number: 430581
Chemical Reaction Modeling of Biomass Conversion via Tail Gas Reactive Pyrolysis
Non-Assistance Cooperative Agreement (S)
  Accession Number: 429521

Publications (Clicking on the reprint icon Reprint Icon will take you to the publication reprint.)
Effects of hot-water extraction on the thermochemical conversion of shrub willow via fast pyrolysis -
Stable bio-oil production from proteinaceous cyanobacteria: tail gas reactive pyrolysis of spirulina Reprint Icon -
Chagas, B.M., Mullen, C.A., Dorado, C., Elkasabi, Y.M., Boateng, A.A., Melo, M.A., Ataide, C.H. 2016. Stable bio-oil production from proteinaceous cyanobacteria: tail gas reactive pyrolysis of spirulina. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 55:6734-6741.
Impact of harvest time and switchgrass cultivar on conversion to sugars and pyrolysis oils using biochemical and thermochemical routes -
Hydrocarbons from spirulina pyrolysis bio-oil using one-step hydrotreating and aqueous extraction of heteroatom compounds Reprint Icon -
Elkasabi, Y.M., Chagas, B.M., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2016. Hydrocarbons from spirulina pyrolysis bio-oil using one-step hydrotreating and aqueous extraction of heteroatom compounds. Energy and Fuels. 30:4925-4932.
Pyrolysis oil combustion in a horizontal box furnace with an externally mixed nozzle Reprint Icon -
Lujaji, F.C., Boateng, A.A., Schaffer, M.A., Mullen, C.A., Mtui, P.L., Mkilaha, I.S. 2016. Pyrolysis oil combustion in a horizontal box furnace with an externally mixed nozzle. Energy and Fuels. 30:4126-4136.
Mechanism of dehydration of phenols on nobel metals using first-principles micokinetic modeling Reprint Icon -
Gu, G., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Vlachos, D.G. 2016. Mechanism of dehydration of phenols on nobel metals using first-principles micokinetic modeling. American Chemical Society (ACS) Catalysis. 6:3047-3055.
Catalytic pyrolysis-gc/ms of spirulina: evaluation of a highly proteinaceous biomass source for production of fuels and chemicals Reprint Icon -
Chagas, B.M., Dorado, C., Serapiglia, M., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Melo, M.A., Ataide, C.H. 2016. Catalytic pyrolysis-gc/ms of spirulina: evaluation of a highly proteinaceous biomass source for production of fuels and chemicals. Fuel. 179:124-134.
Effects of various reactive gas atmospheres on the properties of bio-oil using microwave pyrolysis Reprint Icon -
Tarves, P.C., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2016. Effects of various reactive gas atmospheres on the properties of bio-oil using microwave pyrolysis. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 4:930-936.
Prediction of properties and elemental composition of biomass pyrolysis oils by NMR and partial least squares analysis -
Strahan, G.D., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2016. Prediction of properties and elemental composition of biomass pyrolysis oils by NMR and partial least squares analysis. Energy and Fuels. 30:423-433.
Structural analysis of pyrolytic lignins isolated from switchgrass fast pyrolysis oil -
Fortin, M., Beromi, M.M., Lai, A., Tarves, P.C., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., West, N.M. 2015. Structural analysis of pyrolytic lignins isolated from switchgrass fast pyrolysis oil. Energy and Fuels. 29:8017-8026.
Aqueous extractive upgrading of bio-oils created by tail-gas reactive pyrolysis to produce pure hydrocarbons and phenols Reprint Icon -
Elkasabi, Y.M., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2015. Aqueous extractive upgrading of pyrolysis bio-oils to produce pure hydrocarbons and phenols in high yields. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 3(11):2809-2816.
Guayule (parthenium argentatum) pyrolysis biorefining: fuels and chemicals contributed from guayule leaves via tail gas reactive pyrolysis Reprint Icon -
Boateng, A.A., Elkasabi, Y.M., Mullen, C.A. 2016. Guayule (parthenium argentatum) pyrolysis biorefining: fuels and chemicals contributed from guayule leaves via tail gas reactive pyrolysis. Fuel. 163:240-247.
Co-processing of agricultural plastic waste and switchgrass via tail gas reactive pyrolysis Reprint Icon -
Dorado, C., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2015. Co-processing of agricultural plastic waste and switchgrass via tail gas reactive pyrolysis. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 54:9887-9893.
Guayule (parthenium argentatum) pyrolysis biorefining: production of hydrocarbon compatible bio-oils from guayule bagasse via tail-gas reactive pyrolysis Reprint Icon -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Elkasabi, Y.M., Mcmahan, C.M. 2015. Guayule (parthenium argentatum) pyrolysis biorefining: production of hydrocarbon compatible bio-oils from guayule bagasse via tail-gas reactive pyrolysis. Fuel. 158:948-956.
Evaluation of the impact of compositional differences in switchgrass genotypes on pyrolysis product yield Reprint Icon -
Serapiglia, M., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Cortese, L.M., Bonos, S.A., Hoffman, L. 2015. Evaluation of the impact of compositional differences in switchgrass genotypes on pyrolysis product yield. Industrial Crops and Products. 74:957-968.
Characterization of fast-pyrolysis bio-oil distillation residues and their potential applications Reprint Icon -
Elkasabi, Y.M., Mullen, C.A., Jackson, M.A., Boateng, A.A. 2015. Characterization of fast-pyrolysis bio-oil distillation residues and their potential applications. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 114:179-186.
Production of aromatic hydrocarbons via catalytic pyrolysis of biomass over fe-modified HZSM-5 zeolites Reprint Icon -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2015. Production of aromatic hydrocarbons via catalytic pyrolysis of biomass over fe-modified HZSM-5 zeolites. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 3:1623-1631.
Catalytic and non-catalytic pyrolysis of biomass in non-inert environments for production of deoxygenated bio-oil and chemicals -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Elkasabi, Y.M., Schaffer, M.A. 2015. Catalytic and non-catalytic pyrolysis of biomass in non-inert environments for production of deoxygenated bio-oil and chemicals. Meeting Abstract. 60(2): 1.
Catalytic transfer hydrogenation for stabilization of bio-oil oxygenates: reduction of p-cresol and furfural over bimetallic Ni-Cu catalysts using isopropanol Reprint Icon -
Kannapu, H.P., Mullen, C.A., Elkasabi, Y.M., Boateng, A.A. 2015. Catalytic transfer hydrogenation for stabilization of bio-oil oxygenates: reduction of p-cresol and furfural over bimetallic Ni-Cu catalysts using isopropanol. Fuel Processing Technology. 137:220-228.
An exergy based assessment of the production and conversion of switchgrass, equine waste and forest residue to bio-oil using fast pyrolysis Reprint Icon -
Keedy, J., Prymak, E., Macken, N., Pourhashem, G., Spatari, S., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2014. An exergy based assessment of the production and conversion of switchgrass, equine waste and forest residue to bio-oil using fast pyrolysis. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemical Research. 54:529-539.
Variability in pyrolysis product yield from novel shrub willow genotypes Reprint Icon -
Serapiglia, M., Mullen, C.A., Smart, L.B., Boateng, A.A. 2014. Variability in pyrolysis product yield from novel shrub willow genotypes. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 72:74-84.
Guaiacol hydrodeoxygenation mechanism on Pt(111): Insights from density functional theory and linear free energy relations Reprint Icon -
Lee, K., Gu, H., Vlachos, D.G., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2014. Guaiacol hydrodeoxygenation mechanism on Pt(111): Insights from density functional theory and linear free energy relations. ChemSusChem. 8:315-322.
Bioenergy crops grown for hyperaccumulation of phosphorus in the delmarva peninsula and their biofuels potential -
Boateng, A.A., Serapiglia, M., Mullen, C.A., Dien, B.S., Fawzy, H.M., Dadson, R.B. 2014. Bioenergy crops grown for hyperaccumulation of phosphorus in the delmarva peninsula and their biofuels potential. Environmental Management. 150:39-47.
Biological mineral range effects on biomass conversion to aromatic hydrocarbons via catalytic fast pyrolysis over HZSM-5 -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Dadson, R.B., Hashem, F.M. 2015. Biological mineral range effects on biomass conversion to aromatic hydrocarbons via catalytic fast pyrolysis over HZSM-5. Energy and Fuels. 28:7014-7024.
Maximizing the stability of pyrolysis oil/diesel fuel emulsions -
Martin, J.A., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2014. Maximizing the stability of pyrolysis oil/diesel fuel emulsions. Energy and Fuels. 28(9):5918-5929.
Bio-based n-butanol prepared from poly-3-hydroxybutyrate: optimization of the reduction of n-butyl crotonate to n-butanol Reprint Icon -
Schweitzer, D., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Snell, K. 2014. Bio-based n-butanol prepared from poly-3-hydroxybutyrate: optimization of the reduction of n-butyl crotonate to n-butanol. Organic Process Research & Development. 19:710-714.
Origin of carbon in aromatic and olefin products derived from HZSM-5 catalyzed co-pyrolysis of cellulose and plastics via isotopic labeling -
Dorado, C., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2014. Origin of carbon in aromatic and olefin products derived from HZSM-5 catalyzed co-pyrolysis of cellulose and plastics via isotopic labeling. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 162:338-345.
Distillation and isolation of commodity chemicals from Bio-oil made by tail-gas reactive prolysis -
Elkasabi, Y.M., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2014. Distillation and isolation of commodity chemicals from Bio-oil made by tail-gas reactive prolysis. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 2(8):2042-2052.
Evaluation of Brazilian biomasses as potential feedstocks for fuel production via fast pyrolysis -
Pighinelli, A.L., Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Elkasabi, Y.M. 2014. Evaluation of Brazilian biomasses as potential feedstocks for fuel production via fast pyrolysis. Energy for Sustainable Development. 21:42-50.
Mild pyrolysis of P3HB/Switchgrass blends for the production of bio-oil enriched with crotonic acid -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Schweitzer, D., Sparks, K., Snell, K. 2014. Mild pyrolysis of P3HB/Switchgrass blends for the production of bio-oil enriched with crotonic acid. Journal of Analytical & Applied Pyrolysis. 107:40-45.
Hydrodeoxygenation of fast-pyrolysis bio-oils from various feedstocks using carbon-supported catalysts -
Elkasabi, Y.M., Mullen, C.A., Pighinelli, A.L., Boateng, A.A. 2014. Hydrodeoxygenation of fast-pyrolysis bio-oils from various feedstocks using carbon-supported catalysts. Fuel Processing Technology. 123:11-18.
Accumulation of inorganic impurities on HZSM-5 during catalytic fast pyrolysis of switchgrass -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2013. Accumulation of inorganic impurities on HZSM-5 during catalytic fast pyrolysis of switchgrass. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemical Research. 52:17156-17161.
H-ZSM5 Catalyzed co-pyrolysis of biomass and plastics -
Dorado, C., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2014. H-ZSM5 Catalyzed co-pyrolysis of biomass and plastics. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 2(2):301-311.
Evaluation of biochars by temperature programmed oxidation/mass spectroscopy -
Jackson, M.A., Boateng, A.A., Groom, L.H., Eberhardt, T.L., Mullen, C.A. 2013. Evaluation of biochars by temperature programmed oxidation/mass spectroscopy. BioResources. 8:5461-5474.
ASPEN+ and economic modeling of equine waste utilization for localized hot water heating via fast pyrolysis -
Hammer, N.L., Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Wheeler, C.M. 2013. ASPEN+ and economic modeling of equine waste utilization for localized hot water heating via fast pyrolysis. Journal of Environmental Management. 128:594-601.
Hydrotreating of fast pyrolysis oils from protein-rich pennycress seed presscake -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Reichenbach, S.E. 2013. Hydrotreating of fast pyrolysis oils from protein-rich pennycress seed presscake. Fuel. 111, 797-804.
Reliable peak selection for multisample analysis with comprehensive two-dimensional chromatography -
Reichenbach, S.E., Tian, X., Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Cordero, C., Tao, Q. 2013. Reliable peak selection for multisample analysis with comprehensive two-dimensional chromatography. Analytical Chemistry. 85:4974-4981.
Life cycle environmental and economic tradeoffs of using fast pyrolysis products for power generation -
Pourhashem, G., Spatari, S., Boateng, A.A., Mcaloon, A.J., Mullen, C.A. 2013. Life cycle environmental and economic tradeoffs of using fast pyrolysis products for power generation. Energy and Fuels. 27:2578-2587.
Structure-property characteristics of pyrolytic lignins derived from fast pyrolysis of a lignin rich biomass extract -
Nsimba, R.Y., Mullen, C.A., West, N., Boateng, A.A. 2013. Structure-property characteristics of pyrolytic lignins derived from fast pyrolysis of a lignin rich biomass extract. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. 1:260-267.
Fast pyrolysis of biomass thermally pretreated by torrefaction -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A. 2013. Fast pyrolysis of biomass thermally pretreated by torrefaction. Journal of Analytical & Applied Pyrolysis. 100, 95-102.
Mass balance, energy and exergy analysis of bio-oil production by fast pyrolysis -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Osgood-Jacobs, L., Carlson, P., Macken, N. 2012. Mass balance, energy and exergy analysis of bio-oil production by fast pyrolysis. Journal of Energy Resources Technology. 134/042001-1-9.
Condensation of acetol and acetic acid vapor with sprayed liquid -
Dickey, L.C., Boateng, A.A., Goldberg, N.M., Mullen, C.A., Mihalcik, D.J. 2012. Condensation of acetol and acetic acid vapor with sprayed liquid. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 51:5067-5072.
Packed-bed catalytic cracking of oak derived pyrolytic vapors -
Mihalcik, D.J., Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Goldberg, N.M. 2011. Packed-bed catalytic cracking of oak derived pyrolytic vapors. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 50:13304-13312.
Catalytic fast pyrolysis of white oak wood in-situ using a bubbling fluidized bed reactor -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Mihalcik, D.J., Goldberg, N.M. 2011. Catalytic fast pyrolysis of white oak wood in-situ using a bubbling fluidized bed reactor. Energy and Fuels. 25:5444-5451.
Characterizing biomass fast pyrolysis oils by 13C-NMR and chemometric analysis -
Strahan, G.D., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2011. Characterizing biomass fast pyrolysis oils by 13C-NMR and chemometric analysis. Energy and Fuels. 25:5452-5461.
Mass balance and exergy analysis of a fast pyrolysis system -
Screening acidic zeolites for catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass and its components -
Mihalcik, D.J., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2011. Screening acidic zeolites for catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass and its components. Journal of Analytical & Applied Pyrolysis. 92:224-232.
Production and analysis of fast pyrolysis oils from proteinaceous biomass -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2011. Production and analysis of fast pyrolysis oils from proteinaceous biomass. BioEnergy Research. 4:303-311.
Characterization of water insoluble solids isolated from various biomass fast pyrolysis oils -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2011. Characterization of water insoluble solids isolated from various biomass fast pyrolysis oils. Journal of Analytical & Applied Pyrolysis. 90:197-203.
Catalytic Pyrolysis of Oak via Pyroprobe and Bench Scale, Packed Bed Pyrolysis Reactors Reprint Icon -
Compton, D.L., Jackson, M.A., Mihalcik, D.J., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2011. Catalytic pyrolysis of oak via pyroprobe and bench scale, packed bed pyrolysis reactors. Journal of Analytical & Applied Pyrolysis. 90:174-181.
Catalytic pyrolysis-GC/MS of lignin from several sources -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2010. Catalytic pyrolysis-GC/MS of lignin from several sources. Fuel Processing Technology, 91:1446-1458.
Winter barley ethanol - a new advanced biofuel -
Hicks, K.B., Nghiem, N.P., Johnston, D., Moreau, R.A., Mcaloon, A.J., Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Yee, W.C., Kurantz, M.J. 2010. Winter barley ethanol - a new advanced biofuel. In Rausch, K., Singh, V., Tumbleson, M. (editors). Proceedings of the S-1041 Symposium on "Conversion Technologies for Biofuels", August 2-3, 2010, Wyndmoor, PA. p.54-58.
Sustainable production of bioenergy and bio-char from the straw of high biomass soybean lines via fast pyrolysis -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Goldberg, N.M., Hicks, K.B., Devine, T.E., Lima, I.M., Mcmurtrey Iii, J.E. 2010. Sustainable production of bioenergy and bio-char from the straw of high biomass soybean lines via fast pyrolysis. Journal of Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy. 29(2):175-183.
Analysis and comparison of bio-oil produced by fast pyrolysis from three barley biomass/byproduct streams -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Hicks, K.B., Goldberg, N.M., Moreau, R.A. 2010. Analysis and comparison of bio-oil produced by fast pyrolysis from three barley biomass/byproduct streams. Energy and Fuels. 24:699-706.
Bio-oil and biochar production from corn cobs and stover by fast pyrolysis -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Goldberg, N.M., Lima, I.M., Laird, D.A., Hicks, K.B. 2010. Bio-oil and biochar production from corn cobs and stover by fast pyrolysis. Biomass and Bioenergy. 34:67-74.
Guayule (Parthenium argentatum)pyrolysis and analysis by PY-GC/MS -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., McMahan, C.M., Whalen, M.C., Cornish, K. 2010. Guayule (Parthenium argentatum)pyrolysis and analysis by PY-GC/MS. Journal of Analytical & Applied Pyrolysis. 87:14-23.
Energy-dense liquid fuel intermediates by pyrolysis of guayule (Parthenium argentatum) shrub and bagasse -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Goldberg, N.M., Hicks, K.B., Mcmahan, C.M., Whalen, M.C., Cornish, K. 2009. Energy-dense liquid fuel intermediates by pyrolysis of guayule (Parthenium argentatum) shrub and bagasse. Fuel. 88:2207-2215.
Characterization of various fast pyrolysis bio-oils by NMR spectroscopy -
Mullen, C.A., Strahan, G.D., Boateng, A.A. 2009. Characterization of various fast pyrolysis bio-oils by NMR spectroscopy. Energy and Fuels. 23:2707-2718.
BIO-OIL FROM GUAYULE BAGASSE -
Mcmahan, C.M., Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A., Goldberg, N.M., Hicks, K.B., Cornish, K., Whalen, M.C. 2008. Bio-oil from guayule bagasse. Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops 2008 Annual Meeting, September 7-11, College Station, TX.
Production of bio-oil from alfalfa stems by fluidized-bed fast pyrolysis -
Boateng, A.A., Mullen, C.A., Goldberg, N.M., Hicks, K.B., Jung, H.G., Lamb, J.F. 2008. Production of bio-oil from alfalfa stems by fluidized-bed fast pyrolysis. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 47:4115-4122.
Chemical composition of bio-oils produced by fast pyrolysis of two energy crops -
Mullen, C.A., Boateng, A.A. 2008. Chemical composition of bio-oils produced by fast pyrolysis of two energy crops. Energy and Fuels. 22:2104-2109.
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Last Modified: 5/2/2016
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