Skip to main content
ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bio-oils Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #401347

Research Project: Versatile Biobased Products with Multiple Functions

Location: Bio-oils Research

Title: Selective hydroxyalkoxylation of epoxidized methyl oleate by an amphiphilic ionic liquid catalyst

item Winfield, Demichael
item Moser, Bryan

Submitted to: American Oil Chemists' Society Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/3/2023
Publication Date: 4/30/2023
Citation: Winfield, D.D., Moser, B.R. 2023. Selective hydroxyalkoxylation of epoxidized methyl oleate by an amphiphilic ionic liquid catalyst [abstract]. American Oil Chemists' Society Annual Meeting & Exposition.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Oleic acid is an attractive biobased platform chemical. Precursors for biobased materials can be accessed by epoxidation and subsequent hydroxyalkoxylation of oleic acid. The hydroxyalkoxylation step is conventionally performed with sulfuric acid or a metal catalyst. Due to their high polarity, many ionic liquid catalysts are ineffective for hydroxyalkoxylation of fatty acid derivatives with non-polar alcohols. In this work, we utilized an amphiphilic ionic liquid catalyst to perform hydroxyalkoxylations of epoxidized methyl oleate. An ionic liquid catalyst based on dimethyl lauryl amine was synthesized and evaluated for this reaction due to its long alkyl group. The amphiphilic nature of the ionic liquid allowed for better miscibility and reactivity compared to other ionic liquids. Several alcohols were used with high yields (greather than or equal to 80%) and selectivity (greater than or equal to 92%), including nonpolar alcohols with longer alkyl chains such as octanol and dodecanol. The high selectivity of these conditions could be advantageous for applications in lubricants, biofuels, or polyol preparation. This work demonstrates a greener alternative to conventional hydroxyalkoxylation catalysts.