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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania » Eastern Regional Research Center » Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #391606

Research Project: Integrated Biological/Chemical Biorefining for Production of Chemicals and Fuels

Location: Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research

Title: Biochemical conversion of fractionated xylan hemicellulose to bio-based fuels and chemicals

item Stoklosa, Ryan

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/12/2022
Publication Date: 8/21/2022
Citation: Stoklosa, R.J. 2022. Biochemical conversion of fractionated xylan hemicellulose to bio-based fuels and chemicals. In: Nghiem, N., Kim, T., Yoo, G., editors. Biomass Utilization: Conversion Strategies, Springer Nature. p. 4:69-84.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Renewable carbon from lignocellulosic biomass offers the opportunity to displace petroleum products to foster greater bioeconomy development and sustainability initiatives. Improvements continue to be made in biorefinery processes for the complete utilization of all plant cell wall biopolymers. To achieve this goal fermentable sugars that originate from hemicellulose should be biochemically converted alongside glucose from cellulose. The polysaccharide xylan is the most abundant form of hemicellulose present in common bioenergy feedstocks such as hardwoods, cereal grasses, and agricultural industry residues. Once deconstructed the xylan polysaccharide produces the five-carbon sugar xylose. This pentose sugar can be biochemically converted to a wide array of products ranging from bioethanol, organic acids, or higher value chemicals. This chapter explores biochemical conversion strategies for utilizing xylose obtained from lignocellulose biomass to generate biofuels or other value-added chemicals.