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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Fort Pierce, Florida » U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory » Citrus and Other Subtropical Products Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #365955

Research Project: Quality, Shelf-life and Health Benefits for Fresh, Fresh-cut and Processed Products for Citrus and Other Tropical/Subtropical-grown Fruits and Vegetables

Location: Citrus and Other Subtropical Products Research

Title: Effect of hot water treatment on chilling injury incidence and antioxidative responses of mature green mume (Prunus mume) fruit during low temperature storage

item ENDO, HARUNA - Osaka Prefecture University
item OSE, KIMIKO - Osaka Prefecture University
item Bai, Jinhe
item IMAHORI, YOSHIHIRO - Osaka Prefecture University

Submitted to: Scientia Horticulturae
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/6/2018
Publication Date: 7/8/2019
Citation: Endo, H., Ose, K., Bai, J., Imahori, Y. 2019. Effect of hot water treatment on chilling injury incidence and antioxidative responses of mature green mume (Prunus mume) fruit during low temperature storage. Scientia Horticulturae. 246:550-556.

Interpretive Summary: Mume fruit are usually harvested and processed at the mature green stage, and it is a challenge to process all fruit under a narrow harvest window and short storage life. While cold temperature extends their storage life, substantially effective low temperature, < 10 °C, often cause severe chilling injury. Previous research showed that a pre-storage hot water treatment alleviated the chilling injury. The objective of this research was to determine the effects of hot water treatment on the level of oxidative stress and chilling injury incidence, and antioxidative responses of mature green mume fruit during storage at low temperature (6 °C), and to reveal the mechanisms leading to the induction of chilling resistance.

Technical Abstract: Mume (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) fruit are harvested and consumed at the mature green stage and have a short storage life at ambient temperature. The current handling and storage temperatures, below 6 °C, extend the storage life to a week, but chilling injury (CI) occurs after a longer storage. A pre-storage hot water treatment, dipping ‘Nankou’ fruit in 45 °C water for 15 min, substantially reduced suseptability of fruit to CI at 6 °C storage, and extended storage life for three-fold. This research was conducted to reveal the antioxidantive responses of fruit to pre-heat treatment and chilling storage. Hot water treatment inhibited the increases in malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide levels, and delayed the decreases in ascorbate contents and total antioxidant capacity levels compared with the control fruit during storage. The activities of antioxidant-related enzymes including ascorbate peroxidase and monodehydroascorbate reductase were higher in hot water treated fruit than in the control fruit during cold storage. These results indicate that the alleviation of CI in mature green fruit by hot water treatment might be due to the protection and enhancement of the antioxidant system by increased activity of related enzymes.