Skip to main content
ARS Home » Southeast Area » Gainesville, Florida » Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology » Insect Behavior and Biocontrol Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #347017

Research Project: Improved Biologically-Based Tactics to Manage Invasive Insect Pests and Weeds

Location: Insect Behavior and Biocontrol Research

Title: Assessment of the impact of the egg parasitoid, Paratelenoumus saccharalis (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) on populations of the kudzu bug, Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae)

item DIEDRICK, WORREL - Florida A & M University
item KANGA, LAMBERT - Florida A & M University
item HASEEB, MUHAMMAD - Florida A & M University
item Legaspi, Jesusa - Susie
item ANANGA, ANTHONY - Florida A & M University

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/20/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The kudzu bug has become a pest of economic importance ever since its introduction to the Southeastern United States from Asia in 2009. It causes serious economic damage to legume crops (soybeans, bean, pigeon pea, mung bean, velvet bean etc.) and is a nuisance to home owners. One natural egg parasitoid of the kudzu bug in Asia has become established in the United States. This research was designed to evaluate the prevalence, levels of parasitism, and host specificity of the egg parasitoid, Paratelenoumus sacchara/is on populations of the kudzu bug. The protocol of our collaborators in the Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, was followed to determine the prevalence level: a) five kudzu patches with populations of kudzu bugs were selected in urban, forest, or agricultural habitats; b) within each patch, five adjacent heavily-infested plants were selected and marked; c) the number of kudzu bug adults, nymphs, and eggs on each plant were recorded biweekly and egg-masses were collected and reared in the laboratory and parasitism was determined. Parasitoids that emerged were tested for host-specificity against eggs of other beneficial hemipteran predators. Preliminary results showed a significantly higher percentage of kudzu bugs in urban areas compared to forested or agricultural areas. In field situations 60-80% of eggs were parasitized, and parasitism approached 100% in the laboratory. Our current data from the field experiments indicated that P. saccharalis did not parasitize, Podisus maculiventris, Orius insidiosus, and Geocoris punctipes.