Submitted to: Poultry Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/19/2016
Publication Date: 4/11/2016
Citation: Bowker, B.C., Zhuang, H. 2016. Impact of white striping on functionality attributes of broiler breast meat. Poultry Science. 95:1957-1965.
Interpretive Summary: The white striping condition in broiler breast meat is characterized by white striations on the surface of the meat. Breast fillets with white striping have less visual appeal to consumers and contain higher amounts of fat and connective tissue. The findings of this study demonstrate that white striping also diminishes breast meat water-holding capacity and protein functionality attributes important to the production and quality of moisture-enhanced and further processed chicken meat products.
Technical Abstract: The influence of white striping (WS) on the water-holding capacity (WHC) and protein functionality attributes of broiler breast meat was investigated. Boneless breast fillets (Pectoralis major) were collected from the deboning line of a commercial processing plant and categorized by WS score (normal, moderate severe). The physical (weight, pH, CIE-color values), water-holding capacity (salt-induced water uptake, cook loss, final yield), protein functionality (solubility, emulsifying activity), and protein composition (SDS-PAGE) characteristics of the fillets were measured in three experiments. Breast meat with WS exhibited greater fillet weights, lower pH, and similar color values (L*a*b*) to normal fillets. In experiment 1, fillets were frozen-thawed prior to analysis. The WS condition reduced thaw loss, sarcoplasmic protein solubility, and the emulsifying activity of the myofibrillar proteins, but did not significantly affect salt-induced water uptake, cook loss, final yield, or myofibrillar protein solubility. In experiment 2, breast meat was analyzed fresh and after a freeze-thaw cycle. Freezing samples prior to analysis negatively influenced measures of WHC and reduced sarcoplasmic protein solubility in both WS and normal fillets. In fresh and frozen-thawed meat, the WS condition decreased sarcoplasmic protein solubility but did not significantly alter WHC or myofibrillar protein solubility. For experiment 3, fillets were portioned into 3 sections (Location A, cranial end-ventral surface; Location B, cranial end-dorsal surface; Location C, caudal end). The effects of WS on WHC and protein solubility were dependent upon breast fillet sampling location. Fillets with WS exhibited lower salt-induced water uptake, greater cook loss, and lower sarcoplasmic protein solubility than normal fillets when sampled from location A. SDS-PAGE analysis indicated that differences in the composition of sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar protein fractions between WS and normal fillets were influenced by sampling location. These results suggest that WS diminishes the WHC and protein functionality of broiler breast meat, but demonstrates that the WS effects on these traits are not uniform throughout the breast muscle.