Submitted to: Journal of Probiotics & Health
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/8/2013
Publication Date: 5/13/2013
Publication URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/61020
Citation: Onwulata, C.I. 2013. The growing significance of probiotics on health. Journal of Probiotics & Health. DOI: 10.4172//jph.1000e101..
Interpretive Summary: Probiotics, live bacteria and yeast commonly consumed as part of fermented foods such as yogurt or introduced as dietary supplements with specially added active live bacteria cultures, can help improve health. Scientist now understand that probiotics mixed with gut bacteria changes the human genetic makeup, affecting weight gain. Because different probiotic bacteria have different effects on reducing diseases, this report shows that it is important to study each probiotic carefully.
Technical Abstract: The confluence of all food-dependent life sustaining processes is in the gastrointestinal tract where the gut resident and food introduced microbes mix. Healthy living is conditioned on the proper functioning of the digestive ecosystem which is biologically affected by the state of the microbial load of the input, “food”, the interaction of food and the gut microbiota, producing the output—healthy living. Worldwide, overconsumption of high calorie nutrient deficient foods produces obesity, poor weight management, and health problems which changes the human gut ecosystem. These problems can be mitigated by introducing probiotics into the diet.